Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.243.1.2

Taxonomic Transfer of the Red Algal Genus Gloiosaccion to Chrysymenia (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales), Including the Description of a New Species, Chrysymenia pseudoventricosa, for the Gulf of Mexico

William E Schmidt, Carlos Frederico D. Gurgel, Suzanne L. Fredericq

Abstract


Gloiosaccion Harvey, with type G. brownii (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales), is a red algal genus characterized by the presence of large, hollow and saccate vesicle-shaped thalli arising from small solid axes. Whereas Gloiosaccion has traditionally been viewed as being closely related to Botryocladia (Agardh) Kylin, a multi-marker phylogenetic analysis based on chloroplast-encoded rbcL and UPA and nuclear LSU rDNA sequences instead places Gloiosaccion brownii and G. pumila in the Chrysymenia clade that includes the generitype C. ventricosa (Lamouroux) J. Agardh. Gloiosaccion is reduced to synonymy with Chrysymenia J. Agardh, a taxonomic move first advocated by De Toni in 1900. In addition to C. brownii (Harvey) De Toni, “Gloiosaccion” brownii var. firmum Harvey and “G.” pumilum J. Agardh are recognized as the distinct species Chrysymenia coriacea comb. et stat. nov. and C. pumila (J. Agardh) Weber-van Bosse, respectively. A new species, C. pseudoventricosa sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate specimens going under the name C. ventricosa (J.V. Lamouroux) J. Agardh from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.


Keywords


algae, Australia, biodiversity, Caribbean, Chrysymenia, Gulf of Mexico, LSU rDNA, marine, morphology, Gloiosaccion, phylogeny, rbcL, rhodolith, Rhodophyta, seaweeds, sp. nov., UPA

Full Text:

PDF/A (3.12 MB)

References


Abbott, I.A. & Littler, M.M. (1969) Some Rhodymeniales from Hawaii. Phycologia 8: 165–169.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-8-3-165.1

Adams, N.M. (1994) Seaweeds of New Zealand: an illustrated guide. Canterbury University Press, 370 pp.

Afonso-Carrillo, J., Rodríguez-Prieto, J.C., Boisset, F., Sobrino, C., Tittley, I. & Neto, A.I. (2006) Botryocladia chiajeana and Botryocladia macaronesica sp. nov. (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Mediterranean and the Eastern Atlantic, and a discussion on the closely related genus Irvinea. Phycologia 45: 277–292.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/04-97.1

Agardh, C.A. (1822) Species algarum. Volumen primum pars posterior. pp. [v–vi], 169–398. Lundae [Lund], ex officina Berlingiana.

Agardh, J.G. (1842) Algae Maris Mediterranei et Adriatici, Paris, 264 pp.

Agardh, J.G. (1876) Epicrisis Systematis Floridearum. Species genera et ordines algarum, vol 3. Part 1, Weigel, Leipzig, 724 pp.

Agardh, J.G. (1892) Analecta Algologica. Acta Universitatis Lundensis 28:1–182.

Atmadja, W.S. & Prud’homme van Reine, W.F. (2012) Checklist of the seaweed species biodiversity of Indonesia with their distribution and classification: Rhodophyceae. Coral Reef Information and Training Centre, Jakarta. Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Programme. Indonesian Institute of Sciences, pp. 1–72.

Brodie, J. & Guiry, M.D. (1988) Life history of Boryocladia adreana sp. nov. (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) from Portugal. Phycologia 27: 109–130.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-27-1-109.1

Cho, T. O. & Fredericq, S. (2006) Two creeping Ceramium species (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Florida Keys: C. reptans sp. nov. and recircumscription of C. codii (Richards) Mazoyer. Phycologia 45: 495–504.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/05-44.1

De Toni, G.B. (1900) Sylloge Algarum omnium hucusque Cognitarum, Vol 4. Florideae sect 2. Patattii [Padova], pp. 387–776.

Drummond, A.J., Suchard, M.A., Xie, D. & Rambaut, A. (2012) Bayesian phylogenetics with BEAUti and the BEAST 1.7. Molecular Biology and Evolution.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss075

Durant, C.F. (1850) Algae and corallines of the Bay & Harbor of New York, illustrated with natural types. George P. Putnam Printed by Narine & Co., New York, pp. 1–43.

Falkenberg, P. (1879) Die Meeres-Algen des Golfes von Neapel. Mitteilungen der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel 1: 218–277.

Felder, D., Thoma, B., Schmidt, W., Sauvage, T., Self-Krayesky, S., Chistoserdov, A., Bracken-Grissom, H. & Fredericq, S. (2014) Seaweeds and decapod crustaceans on Gulf deep banks after the Macondo Oil Spill. Bioscience 64: 808–19.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biu119

Feldmann, G. (1945) Révision du genre Botryocladia Kylin (Rhodophycées Rhodyméniacées). Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de l’Afrique du Nord 35: 49–61.

Feldmann, G. & Bodard, M. (1965) Une nouvelle espèce de Botryocladia des côtes du Sénégal. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique de Monaco 65: 1–14.

Fredericq, S., Anderson, R.J. & Lopez-Bautista, J. (2003) Systematic circumscription of some Phyllophoraceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the Cape region, South Africa, based on molecular evidence. Proceedings XVIIth International Seaweed Symposium 2003: 263–274.

Fredericq, S., Cho, T.O., Earle, S.A., Gurgel, C.F.D., Krayesky, M., Mateo Cid, L.E., Mendoza Gonzáles, A.C., Norris, J.N. & Suárez, A.M. (2009) Seaweeds of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder, D.L. & Camp, D.K. (Eds.) Gulf of Mexico: Its Origins, Waters, and Biota. I. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Univ. Press, pp. 187–259.

Fredericq, S., Arakaki, N., Camacho, O., Gabriel, D., Krayesky, D., Self-Krayesky, S., Rees, G., Richards, J., Sauvage, T., Venera-Ponton, D. & Schmidt, W.E. (2014) A dynamic approach to the study of rhodoliths: a case study for the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Cryptogamie Algologie 35: 77–98.

http://dx.doi.org/10.7872/crya.v35.iss1.2014.77

Fritsch, F.E. (1945) The Structure and Reproduction of The Algae. Volume II. University Press, Cambridge, 939 pp.

Fujisawa, T. & Barraclough, T.C. (2013) Delimiting species using single-locus data and the Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent Approach: A revised method and evaluation on simulated data sets. Systematic Biology 62: 707–724.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syt033

Gavio, B. & Fredericq, S. (2003) Botryocladia caraibica sp. nov. (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta), a new species from the Caribbean. Cryptogamie Algologie 24: 93–106.

Gavio, B. & Fredericq, S. (2005) New species and new records of offshore members of the Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta) in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Gulf of Mexico Science 1: 58–83.

Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2015) Algaebase. Worldwide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Available from: http://www.algaebase.org (accessed 1 May 2015)

Harvey, W.H. (1849) A manual of the British marine algae. John Van Voorst, London, pp. i–lii, 1–252, 27 pls.

Harvey, W.H. (1853) Nereis boreali-americana; or, contributions towards a history of the marine algae of the atlantic and pacific coasts of North America. Part II. Rhodospermeae. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge 5 (5): [i–ii], [1]–258, pls. XIII–XXXVI.

Harvey, W.H. (1855) Some account of the marine botany of the colony of western Australia. Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy 22: 525–566.

Harvey, W.H. (1859a) Phycologia Australica. Vol. 2. Lovell Reeve & Co., London, pp. i–viii, pls. LXI–CXX.

Harvey, W.H. (1859b) Algae. In: Hooker, J.D. (Ed.) The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage of H.M. discovery ships Erebus and Terror. Part III. Vol. II. Flora Tasmaniae, pp. 282–343, pls. CLXXXV–CXCVI.

Harvey, W.H. (1863) Phycologia australica. Vol. 5. Lovell Reeve, London, pp. [i]–x, v–lxxiii, pls. CCXLI–CCC.

Hauck, F. (1883) Die Meeresalgen Deutschlands und Osterreichs 2: 113–320.

Hawkes, M.W. & Scagel, R.F. (1986) The marine algae of British Colombia and Northern Washington: Division Rhodophyta (Red Algae), Class Rhodophyceae, Order Rhodymeniales. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 1549–1580.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/b86-158

Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. (1990) Sexual Reproduction and Cystocarp Development. In: Cole, K.M. & Sheath, R.G. (Eds.) Biology of the Red Algae. Cambridge University Press, pp. 305–345.

Huelsenbeck, J.P. & Ronquist, F. (2001) MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 17: 754–5.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/17.8.754

Huisman, J.M. (1996) The red algal genus Coelarthrum Børgesen (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales) in Australian seas, including the description of Chamaebotrys gen. nov. Phycologia 35: 95–112.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-35-2-95.1

Huisman J.M. (2000) Marine plants of Australia. University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, 300 pp.

Huisman, J.M. & Walker, D.I. (1990) A catalogue of the marine plants from Rottnest Island , Western Australia , with notes on their distribution and biogeography. Kingia 1: 365–481.

Irvine, D.E.G. & Guiry, M.D. (1980) Taxonomy of the Rhodymeniales, In: Desikachary, T.V. & Raja Rao, V.N. (Eds.) Taxonomy of Algae. Papers Presented at the International Symposium on Taxonomy of Algae, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, University of Madras. Univ. Madras, Madras, India, pp. 287–303.

Kraft, G.T. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1990) Rhodophyta. In: Clayton, M.N. & King, R.J. (Eds.) Biology of Marine Plants. Longman Cheshire, Melbourne, pp. 41–85.

Kützing, F.T. (1843) Phycologia generalis. Leipzig, 458 pp.

Kylin, H. (1931) Die Florideenordung Rhodymeniales. Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, N. F. Avdeling 2 27 (11): 1–48.

Kylin, H. (1956) Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen. C.W.K. Gleerups Fölag, Lund, Sweden, 673 pp.

Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1813) Essai sur les genres de la famille des thassiophytes non articulées. Annales Muséum National D’Histoire Naturelle, par les professeurs de cet éstablissement 20: 21–47, 115–139, 267–293.

Lanfear, R., Calcott, B., Ho, S.Y.W. & Guindon, S. (2012) PartitionFinder: combined selection of partitioning schemes and substitution models for phylogenetic analyses. Molecular Biology and Evolution 29: 1695–1701.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss020

Le Gall, L., Dalen, J.L. & Saunders, G.W. (2008) Phylogenetic analyses of the red algal order Rhodymeniales support recognition of the Hymenocladiaceae fam. nov., Fryeellaceae fam. nov., and Neogastroclonium gen. nov. Journal of Phycology 44: 1556–1571.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2008.00599.x

Lin, S.M., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. (2012) Developmental, phylogenetic and systematic studies of Apoglossum and Paraglossum, Apoglosseae, trib. nov. (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 47: 366–383.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2012.719164

Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae. Vol. I. Holmiæ, pp. [1–4], 1–824.

Littler, D.S. & Littler, M.M. (2000) Caribbean Reef Plants. OffShore Graphics, Inc., Washington, D. C., 542 pp.

Lozada-Troche, C., Ballantine, D.L. & Ruiz, H. (2010) Cresia opalescens gen. et sp. nov. (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 293–303.

Nelson, W.A. & Adams N.M. (1984) Marine Algae of the Kermadec Islands. Natural Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series 10: 1–29.

Norris, J.N. & Ballantine, D.L. (1995) Two new species of the red alga Chrysymenia Agardh (Rhodymeniales: Rhodomeniaceae) from the tropical western Atlantic. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108: 153–165.

Norris, R.E. (1989) Natalian Botryocladia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyceae) including description of a new long axis-forming species. Botanica Marina 32: 131–148.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/botm.1989.32.2.131

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2009) Four new species of Rhodophyceae from Fiji, Polynesia and Vanuatu, South Pacific. Phycological Research 57: 12–24.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.2008.00517.x

Okamura, K. (1936) Nippon Kaiso Shi (Descriptions of Japanese algae). Uchida Rokakuho Publishing House, Tokyo, 990 pp.

Paradis E., Claude, J. & Strimmer, K. (2004) APE: Analyses of Phylogenetics and Evolution in R language. Bioinformatics 20: 289–290.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg412

Payri, C., N’Yeurt, A.D.R. & Orempuller, J. (2000) Algae of French Polynesia. Algues de la Polynésie française. Au Vent des Iles Editions, Tahiti, 320 pp.

Postels, A. & Ruprecht, F. (1840) Illustrationes algarum in itinere circum orbem jussu imperatoris Nicolai I. Typis Eduardi Pratz., Petropoli [St. Petersburg], pp. [i–vi ]+ [i]+ iv + 28. [1–2, index], [Latin:] [–iv], [1]–22, [1–2, index], 40 pls.

Puillandre, N., Lambert, A., Brouillet, S. & Achaz, G. (2011) ABGD, Automatic Barcode Discovery for primary species delimitation. Molecular Ecology. Available from: http://wwwabi.snv.jussieu.fr/public/abgd/

Rambaut, A. & Drummond, A. (2014) Tracer v. 1.6. Available from: http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/tracer.

Richards, J.L., Gabrielson, P.W. & Fredericq, S. (2014) New insights into the genus Lithophyllum (Lithophylloideae, Corallinaceae, Corallinales) from deepwater rhodolith beds offshore the NW Gulf of Mexico. Phytotaxa 190 (1): 162–75.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.190.1.11

Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19: 1572–1574.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg180

Ronquist, F., Teslenko, M., van der Mark, P., Ayres, D., Darling, A., Höhna, S., Larget, B., Liu, L., Suchard, M.A. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2012) MrBayes 3.2: Efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61: 539–542.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/sys029

Saunders, G.W.I., Strachan, M. & Kraft, G.T. (1999) The families of the order Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta): a molecular-systematic investigation with a description of Faucheaceae fam. nov. Phycologia 38: 23–40.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-38-1-23.1

Saunders, G.W., Wilkes, R.J. & Guiry, M.D. (2007) A nuclear small-subunit ribosomal DNA perspective on the taxonomic affinities of Maripelta (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 28: 191–194.

Saunders, G.W. & McDonald, B. (2010) DNA barcoding reveals multiple overlooked Australian species of the red algal order Rhodymeniales (Florideophyceae), with resurrection of Halopeltis J. Agardh and description of Pseudohalopeltis gen. nov. Botany 88: 639–667.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/B10-038

Schmidt, W.E. (2009) Systematics of the Red Algal Order Rhodymeniales with an Emphasis on Taxa from the Gulf of Mexico. Unpubl. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2008) Notes on the Marine algae of the Bermudas. 9. The genus Botryocladia (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniaceae), including B. bermudana, B. exquisita and B. flookii spp. nov. Phycologia 47: 614–629.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/08-44.1

Sherwood, A., Kurihara, A., Conklin, K., Sauvage, T. & Presting, G. (2010) The Hawaiian Rhodophyta Biodiversity Survey (2006–2010): a summary of principal findings. BMC plant Biology 10: 258.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-10-258

Silva, P.C. (1980) Remarks on red Algal Nomenclature VI. Taxon 29: 121–145.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1219605

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine Algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1–1259.

Sparling, S.R. (1957) The structure and the reproduction of some members of the Rhodymeniaceae. University of California Publications in Botany 29: 319–396.

Stamatakis, A. (2006) RAxML-VI-HPC: Maximum Likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22: 2688–2690.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btl446

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M. & Kumar, S. (2011) MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28: 2731–2739.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121

Taylor, W.R. (1960) Marine Algae of the Eastern Tropical and Subtropical Coast of the Americas. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 870 pp.

Weber-van Bosse, A. (1928) Liste des algues du Siboga, IV. Rhodophyceae. Troisème partie. Gigartinales et Rhodymeniales et tableau de la distribution des Chlorophycées, Phaeophycées et Rhodophycées de l'Archipel Malaisien. Siboga-Expeditie Monographie 59d. E.J. Brill., Leiden, pp. 393–533, figs 143–213, pls XI–XVI.

Wilkes, R.J., McIvor, L. & Guiry, M.D. (2005) The taxonomic position of Maripelta rotata (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 26: 67–75.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1950) The Marine Algae of Kangaroo Island. III. List of species 1. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 73: 137–197.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996) The Marine Benthic Flora of Southern Australia. Rhodophyta. Part IIIB. Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales,” Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, 392 pp.

Wynne, M.J. (2005) Chrysymenia tigillis sp. nov. (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) from the Sultanate of Oman, with a census of currently recognized species in the genus Chrysymenia. Phycological Research 53: 215–223.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.2005.tb00374.x

Wynne, M.J. (2013) An older name for Lomentaria baileyana (Harvey) Farlow (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Brittonia 65: 113–117.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12228-012-9267-8

Zanardini, G. (1863) Iconographia Phycologica Adriatica ossia scelta di ficee nuove o più rare del mare Adriatico, IV. Memorie del reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti 11: 269–306.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand