Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.289.3.3

Pimpinella enguezekensis (Apiaceae), a new species from East Anatolia Region (Turkey)

YETER YEŞIL, HASAN YILDIRIM, EMINE AKALIN, ADEMI FAHRI PIRHAN, YUSUF ALTIOĞLU

Abstract


The new species Pimpinella enguezekensis (Apiaceae) is described from Ağılbaşı village (Engüzek), Darende district in Malatya city (E of Turkey). It shows a unique combination of morphological characteristics concerning the size, shape and margins of leaves, the indumentum of petals and the morphology of fruits. It is related to Pimpinella species with entire leaves and yellow flower, such as P. flabellifolia, P. paucidentata, P. sintenisii and P. nephrophylla of section Reutera subsection Flabellifoliae. The new species is more closely related to P. flabellifolia, with which it shares some morphological similarities, but from which it is easily distinguished by its multi-stemmed habit, smaller rhomboid leaves with spiny dentate margins, glabrous petals, and smaller fruits lacking ribs. According to micromorphological studies, fruits of P. enguezekensis are glabrous and show reticulate striate surface. Furthermore, they also show remarkable anatomical differences with regard to fruits of P. flabellifolia, the commissure width in P. enguezekensis being more than twice smaller than in P. flabellifolia and the mericarp length/width ratio in P. enguezekensis being also smaller than in P. flabellifolia. An identification key of the yellow-flowered species with entire leaves is reported. Moreover, a distribution map for P. enguezekensis and other Turkish yellow-flowered related species is presented.


Keywords


Eudicots, Endemic plants, fruit anatomy, Pimpinella sect. Reutera, taxonomy, Umbelliferae

Full Text:

PDF/A (7MB)

References


Abebe, D. (1992) Systematic studies in the genus Pimpinella L. (Umbelliferae) from tropical Africa. Botany Journal of Linnean Society 110: 327–372.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1992.tb00298.x

Akalın, E. & Akpulat, A. (2013) Rare and Endemic Pimpinella Species From Turkey: P. sintenisii H.Wolff. Journal of Faculty Pharmacy of Istanbul University 43: 13–20.

Akalın, E., Yeşil, Y. & Akpulat, A. (2016) Fruit anatomy of the Turkish Pimpinella species. Flora 223: 62–73.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2016.04.004

Bentham, G. (1867) Umbelliferae. In: Bentham, G. & Hooker, J.D. (Eds.) Genera plantarum 1(3). L. Reeve & Co, London, pp. 859–947.

Boissier, P.E. (1838) Elenchus plantarum novarum. Lador & Ramboz, Genève, 94 pp.

Boissier, P.E. (1844) Plantae Aucherianae adjunctis nonnullis e regionibus Mediterraneis et Orientalibus aliis cum novarum specierum descriptione. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, sér. 3, 1: 120–151.

Boissier, P.E. (1872) Pimpinella. In: Boissier, P.E. (Ed.) Flora Orientalis, vol. 2. H. Georg. Genève, pp. 864–875.

Candolle, A.P. (1830) Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, vol. 4. Treuttel & Würtz, Paris, 683 pp.

Çelebioğlu, S. & Baytop, T. (1949) A New Reagent for Microscopical Investigation of Plant. Publication of the Institute of Pharmacognosy 10, 301 pp.

Çinbilgel, İ., Eren, Ö., Duman, H. & Gökçeoğlu, M. (2015) Pimpinella ibradiensis (Apiaceae), an unusual new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa 217: 164–172.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.217.2.6

Drude, O. (1898) Umbelliferae (Apiaceae, Doldengewächse). In: Engler, A. & Prantl, K. (Eds.) Die Natürlichen Pelanzenfamilien 3(8). W. Engelmann, Leipzig, pp. 63–250.

Ertekin, A.S. & Kaya, Ö.F. (2005) A new record species for the flora of Turkey, Pimpinella nephrophylla Rech. f. & H. Riedl. (Apiaceae). Ot Sistematik Botanik Dergisi 12: 13–18.

Göktürk, R.S. (2008) Pimpinella isaurica subsp. sumbuliana (Apiaceae), a new taxon from Turkey. Annales Botanici Fennici 45: 293–295.

https://doi.org/10.5735/085.045.0407

Hand, R. (2011) Apiaceae, Euro+Med Plantbase–the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Available from: http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/ (accessed 1 August 2016)

IUCN (2012) IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria, version 2012. 3.1. IUCN Red List Unit, Cambridge U.K. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org./ (accessed 1 August 2016)

Khajepiri, M., Ghahremaninejad, F. & Mozaffarian, V. (2010) Fruit anatomy of the genus Pimpinella L. (Apiaceae) in Iran. Flora 205: 344–356.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2009.12.030

Kljuykov, E.V., Liu, M., Ostroumova, T.A., Pimenov, M.G., Tilney, P.M. & Van Wyk, B.E. (2004) Towards a standardized terminology for taxonomically important morphological characters in the Umbelliferae. South African Journal of Botany 70: 488–496.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-6299(15)30233-7

Ledebour, C.F. (1844) Flora Rossica sive enumeratio plantarum in totius imperii rossici provinciis europaeis, asiaticis et americanis hucusque observatarum. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgartiae, 937 pp.

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum, 2 vols. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae [Stockholm], 1200 pp.

Magee, A.R., van Wyk, B.E., Tilney, P.M. & Downie, S.R. (2010) Phylogenetic position of African and Malagasy Pimpinella species and related genera (Apiaceae, Pimpinelleae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 288: 201–211.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-010-0325-y

Matthews, V.A. (1972) Pimpinella L. In: Davis, P.H. (Ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 4. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 352–364.

Menemen, Y. (2012) Pimpinella L. In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (Eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul, pp. 73–75.

Menemen, Y., Aytaç, Z. & Kandemir, A. (2013) Türkçe Bilimsel Bitki Adları Yönergesi. Bağbahçe Bilim Dergisi 47: 28–31.

Metcalfe, C.R. & Chalk, L. (1979) Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. 1. Systematic anatomy of leaf and stem, with a brief history of the subject, 2nd edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 276 pp.

Miller, Ph. (1754) Gardeners dictionary, 4th edition. J. & J. Rivington, London, 1582 pp. [unnumbered]

Ozcan, T., Akalın, E. & Akpulat, A. (2014) Phylogenetic analysis of the Pimpinella species in Turkey. 8th International Apiales Symposium, 1–3 August 2014. Istanbul, p. 14.

Papini, A. & Mosti, S. (2006) Notes in Trochiscanthes Koch (Apiaceae) on the basis of ITS rDNA sequence. Webbia 61: 217–225.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00837792.2006.10670802

Pimenov, M.G. & Leonov, M.V. (1993) The genera of the Umbelliferae: A nomenclator. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, London, 156 pp.

Pimenov, M.G. & Kljuykov, E.V. (1996) Tamamschjanella –novyi rod Umbelliferae [Tamamschjanella, a new genus of the Umbelliferae]. Botanicheskij Zhurnal 81: 74–79.

Pimenov, M.G. & Leonov, M.V. (2004) The Asian Umbelliferae Biodiversity Database (ASIUM) with Particular Reference to South-West Asian Taxa. Turkish Journal of Botany 28: 139–145.

Rechinger, K.H. (1961) Notizen zur Orient-Flora, 18–24. Anzeiger der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschatliche Klasse 98: 222–227.

Thiers, B. (2016) Index herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/ (continuously updated; accessed 1 August 2016)

Wolff, H. (1927) Umbelliferae-Apioideae-Ammineae-Carinae, Ammineae novemjugatae et genuinae. In: Engler, A. (Ed.) Das Pflanzenreich 90 (IV. 228). W. Engelmann, Berlin, pp. 219–319.

Zakharova, E.A., Degtjareva, G.V. & Pimenov, M.G. (2012) Redefined generic limits of Carum (Umbelliferae, Apioideae) and new systematic placement of some of its taxa. Willdenowia 42: 149–168.

https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.42.42201


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand