Taxonomic status of Pisidium amnicum (Müller, 1774) and P. inflatum Megerle von Mühlfeld in Porro, 1838 (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Sphaeriidae)

Margus Voode

Abstract


In accordance with the taxonomic system adopted in Russia and used also in Estonia, the largest local forms of pea clams (Sphaeriidae) have been treated
as two species, P. amnicum and P. inflatum. The aim of the study was to clarify if P. amnicum and P. inflatum are separate species. Populations of both forms from Estonia were analysed genetically and morphologically. Analysis of the COI and ITS-1 gene fragments revealed that these two forms were genetically indistinguishable. Although there were statistically significant differences in the relative proportions of the shell between their typical individuals, there occurred also intermediate values. Consequently, P. inflatum cannot be considered as a separate species and should be treated as an ecological variety of P. amnicum that inhabits mainly a characteristic sandy substrate.


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