DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3635.1.5
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A new species of masked-owl (Aves: Strigiformes: Tytonidae) from Seram, Indonesia

KNUD ANDREAS JØNSSON, MICHAEL KØIE POULSEN, TRI HARYOKO, ANDREW HART REEVE, PIERRE-HENRI FABRE

Abstract


We describe a new species of masked-owl from the lower montane forestof Seram, one of the largest islands in the Moluccasof eastern Indonesia, for which we propose the name Tyto almae (Seram Masked-Owl), sp. nov. Molecular (mitochondrial cyt-b) differences show that Tyto sororcula of Buru and Tanimbar is closely related to T. novaehollandiae of Australia and New Guinea (~1% uncorrected pairwise distance), and that Tyto almae of Seram differs by ~3% (uncorrected pairwise distance) from both of them. These differences are further corroborated by morphology and colouration. Although a photograph from Seram published in 1987 had already established the presence of a Tyto owl on the island, ours represents the first specimen of this species. The bird was mist-netted in wet, mossy lower montane forest at an elevation of 1,350 m. No further observations of the owl were made during four weeks of fieldwork in Seram.


Keywords


Manusela, Moluccas, new taxon, owl, phylogeny

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ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa