Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3722.1.7

Anampses viridis Valenciennes 1840 (Pisces: Labridae)—a case of taxonomic confusion and mistaken extinction

BARRY C. RUSSELL, MATTHEW T. CRAIG

Abstract


Anampses viridis Valenciennes 1840 is known from only three specimens collected from Mauritius, and despite intensive sampling, the species has not been seen or reported since it was originally described. This apparent failure to ‘rediscover’ A. viridis at Mauritius has led to speculation that it is extinct, and the species has been widely cited as an example of a marine fish extinction. Far from being extinct, Anampses viridis has been taxonomically confused and actually is the adult male (terminal phase) colour form and a junior synonym of A. caeruleopunctatus Rüppell 1829, a species that is common and widespread throughout the Indo-West Pacific region.


Keywords


Anampses viridis, A. caeruleopunctatus, taxonomy, marine fish extinction

Full Text:

PDF/A (4.24 MB)

References


Allen, G., Robertson, R., Rivera, R., Edgar, G., Merlen, G., Zapata, F. & Barraza, E. (2010) Azurina eupalama. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/ (Accessed 2 August 2013)

Bailey, R.M. (1951) The Authorship of Names Proposed in Cuvier and Valenciennes' "Histoire Naturelle des Poissons". Copeia, 1951 (3), 249–251.

Baillie, J.E.M., Hilton-Taylor C. & Stuart S.N. (2004) Red list of threatened species. A Global species assessment. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 191 pp.

Bennett, E.T. (1836) Specimens were exhibited of various fishes, forming part of a collection from Mauritius, presented to the Society by M. Julien Desjardins. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1835 (3), 206–208.

Briggs, J.C. (2011) Marine extinctions and conservation. Marine Biology, 158, 485–488.

Cabanban, A. & Pollard, D. (2010) Anampses viridis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/ (Accessed 6 August 2013)

Colin, P.L. & Bell, L.J. (1991) Aspects of the spawning of labrid and scarid fishes (Pisces: Labroidei) at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands with notes on other families. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 31, 229–260.

Collette, B.B., Polidoro, B. & Carpenter, K. (2013) Fisheries: Corrected numbers for fish on Red List. Nature, 495, 47.

Cuvier, G. & Valenciennes, A. (1840) Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Vol. XIV. Chez Pitois-Levrault, Paris. i–xxii + 2 pp. + 1-464 + 4 pp, Pls. 389–420 (for dates of publication see Bailey 1951).

Dulvy, N.K. (2006) Extinctions and threat in the sea. MarBEF Newsletter, Spring 2006, 20–22.

Dulvy, N.K., Sadovy, Y. & Reynolds, J.D. (2003) Extinction vulnerability in marine populations. Fish and Fisheries 4: 25–64.

Dulvy, NK., Pinnegar, J.K. & Reynolds, J.D. (2009) Holocene extinctions in the sea. In: Turvey, S.T. (Ed), Holocene extinctions. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 129–150.

Fowler, H.W. (1946) A collection of fishes obtained in the Riu Kiu Islands by Captain Ernest R. Tinkham, A.U.S. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 98, 123–218.

Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (2013) Guide to fish collections. Available from: http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/collections.asp/ (Accessed on 6 August 2013).

Grove, J.S. & Lavenberg, R.J. (1997) The fishes of the Galápagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 863 pp.

Hawkins, J.P., Roberts, C.M. & Clark, V. (2000) The threatened status of restricted range coral reef fish species. Animal Conservation, 3, 81–88.

Hodge, J.R., Read, C.I., van Herwerden, L. & Bellwood, D.R. (2012) The role of peripheral endemism in species diversification: Evidence from the coral reef fish genus Anampses (Family: Labridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62 (2), 653–663.

Liénard, F. (1842) Poissons. In: Boutan, L. (Ed.), Rapport Annuel sur les travaux de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice, No. 13 (for 1842–1843), 57–95.

Myers, R.F. (1991) Micronesian reef fishes. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 pp.

Parenti, P. & Randall, J.E. (2000) An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyological Bulletin J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, (68), 1–97.

Pauly, D., Alder, J., Bakun, A., Heileman, S., Kock, K.H.S., Mace, P., Perrin, W., Stergiou, K.I., Sumaila, U.R., Vierros, M., Freire, K.M.F., Sadovy, Y., Christensen, V., Kaschner, K., Palomares, M.L.D., Tyedmers, P., Wabnitz C., Watson, R. & Worm, B. (2005) Marine Fisheries Systems. Chapter 18, In: Hassan, R., Scholes, R., & Ash, N. (Eds) Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Current States and Trends, Vol. 1. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Island Press, Washington, D.C. pp. 477–511.

Randall, J.E. (1972) A revision of the labrid fish genus Anampses. Micronesica, 8, 151–195.

Randall, J.E. (1974) Notes and color illustrations of labrid fishes of the genus Anampses. Uo 21, 10–16.

Regan, C.T. (1913) A collection of fishes made by Professor Francisco Fuentes at Easter Island. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1913 (3), 368–374.

Reynolds, J.D., Dulvy, N.K. & Roberts, C.M. (2002) Exploitation and other threats to fish conservation. In: Hart, P.J.B. & Reynolds, J.D. (Eds) Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries, Vol.2. Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 19–341.

Robertson, D.R. & Choat, J.H. (1974) Protogynous hermaphroditism and social systems in labrid fish. Proceedings 2nd International Coral Reef Symposium, Volume I, 217–225.

Rüppell, W.P.E.S. (1829) Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres: part 2: Heinrich Ludwig Brönner, Frankfurt am Main, pp 27–94, Pls. 7–24.

Rüppell, W.P.E.S. (1835) Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres. Siegmund Schmerber, Frankfurt am Main. i–ii + 1-28, Pls. 1–7.

Sauvage, M.H. (1891a) Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar. Vol. 16. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. L'Imprimerie Nationale, Paris, 543 pp.

Sauvage, M.H. (1891b) Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar. Vol. 16. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. 2nd part Atlas 1. L'Imprimerie Nationale, Paris. 50 plates.

Smith, J.L.B. (1957) List of fishes of the family Labridae in the Western Indian Ocean with new records and five new species. Rhodes University Ichthyology Bulletin, 7, 99–114.

Warner, R.R. (1984) Mating Behavior and Hermaphroditism in Coral Reef Fishes: The diverse forms of sexuality found among tropical marine fishes can be viewed as adaptations to their equally diverse mating systems. American Scientist, 72 (2), 128–136.

Warner, R.R. & Robertson D.R. (1978) Sexual Patterns in the Labroid Fishes of the Western Caribbean, I: The Wrasses (Labridae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 254, 1–27.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa