DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/13.2.2092

New records of marine eels (Teleostei: Anguilliformes) from Brazilian waters

Alfredo Carvalho Filho, Maria Isabel G. Paiva

Abstract


Two species of different families belonging to the order Anguilliformes have their ranges extended in the southwestern Atlantic: the chlopsid Chlopsis dentatus (Seale, 1917) from Rio de Janeiro and the muraenid Gymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862) from Bahia.  The new records extend the distribution of these species south along the Brazilian coastline.  Morphometric data of the specimens are provided and compared to data from the literature.

Keywords


Southwestern Atlantic; Chlopsidae; Muraenidae; Chlopsis dentatus; Gymnothorax maderensis; range extension

Full Text:

PDF/A

References


Bauchot, M.L. 1986. Muraenidae; pp. 537–544, in: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen & E. Tortonese (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Volume II, UNESCO, Paris.

Bernardes, R.A., J.L. Figueiredo, A.R. Rodrigues, L.G. Fischer, C.M. Vooren, M. Haimovici, & C.L.D.B. Rossi-Womgtschowski. 2005. Peixes da Zona Econômica Exclusiva da Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil; levantamento com armadilhas, pargueiras e rede de arrasto de fundo. Editora da Universidade de São Paulo. 295 pp.

Betancur-R., R., E. Wiley, N. Bailly, M. Miya, G. Lecointre & G. Ortí. 2014. Phylogenetic Classification of Bony Fishes. Version 3. Accessed at http://www.deepfin.org/Classification_v3.htm, 15 June 2016.

Blache, J. 1972. Larves leptocéphales des poissons anguilliformes dans de Golfe de Guinée (Zone Sud), 2e note: les espèces adultes de Xenocongridae et lerus larves. Cahiers ORSTOM, Série Océanographie 10(3): 219–241.

Blache, J, 1967. Contribution à la connaissance des poissons Anguilliformes de la côte occidentale d’Afrique. Cinquiéme note. Le genre Gymnothorax Bloch 1795. Bulletin de l’Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire (Série A) Sciences Naturelles, 29(4): 1695–1705.

BMNH. 2016. British Museum of Natural History collection. Acc­essed at http://data.nhm.ac.uk/dataset/56e711e6-c847-4f99-915a-6894bb5c5dea/resource/05ff2255-c38a-40c9-b657-4ccb55ab2feb?q=Chlopsis+dentatus, 16 April 2016.

Böhlke, E.B. (ed.). 1989. Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Part 9. Volume 1: Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Memoir 1: 655 pp.

Böhlke, E.B., J.E. McCosker & J.E. Böhlke. 1989. Family Muraenidae; pp. 104–206, in: E.B. Böhlke (ed.). Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Part 9. Volume 1: Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Memoir 1.

Böhlke, J.E. & D.G. Smith. 1968. A new xenocongrid eel from the Bahamas, with notes on other species in the family. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 120 (2): 25–43. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4064632

Bonecker, A.C.T., C.A.P. Namiki, M.S. Castro & P.N. Campos. 2014. Catálogo dos estágios iniciais de desenvolvimento dos peixes da bacia de Campos. Série zoologia: guias e manuais de identificação. Curitiba: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia. 295 pp. doi: 10.7476/9788598203102

Carvalho-Filho, A., G. Marcovaldi, C.L.S. Sampaio, M.I.G. Paiva & L.A.G. Duarte. 2009. First report of rare pomfrets (Teleostei: Bramidae) from Brazilian waters, with a key to Western Atlantic species. Zootaxa 2290: 1–26. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/ 2009/f/z02290p026f.pdf

Carvalho-Filho, A., G. Marcovaldi, C.L.S. Sampaio, M.I.G. Paiva & L.A.G. Duarte. 2010. First report of Aulopus (Teleostei: Aulopidae) from Southwestern Atlantic, with a review of records and a key to Western Atlantic Aulopoidei species. Zootaxa 2628: 27–42. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/zt02628p042.pdf

Carvalho-Filho, A., G. Marcovaldi, C.L.S. Sampaio & M.I.G. Paiva. 2011. First report of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Gadiformes: Merluccidae: Macruroninae) from Atlantic tropical Waters. Marine Biodiversity Records 4: e49. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755267211000431

Castro, M.S. & A.C.T. Bonecker. 2006. Anguilliformes: pp. 40–73, in: A.C.T. Bonecker, & M.S. Castro (eds.). Atlas de larvas de peixes da região central da Zona Econômica Exclusiva brasileira. Série Livros/Documentos REVIZEE Score Central. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional.

Dooley, J.K, J. Van Tassell & A. Brito. 1985. An annotated checklist of the shorefishes of the Canary Islands. American Museum Novitates 2824: 1–49. http://hdl.handle.net/2246/5235

Günther, A. 1870. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Gymnotidae, Symbranchidae, Muraenidae, Pegasidae and of the Lophobranchii, Plectognathi, Dipnoi, Ganoidei, Chondropterygii, Cyclostomata, Leptocardii, in the British Museum. London: Taylor and Francis. xxv + 549 pp.

Johnson, J.Y. 1862. Descriptions of some new genera and species of fishes obtained at Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862: 167–180. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/90953

Martins, A.S., G. Olavo & P.A.S. Costa. 2005. Recursos demersais capturados com espinhel de fundo no talude superior da região entre Salvador (BA) e Cabo de São Tomé (RJ); pp. 109–128, in: P.A.S. Costa, A.S. Martins & G. Olavo. Pesca e potenciais de exploração de recursos vivos na região central da Zona Econômica Exclusiva Brasileira. Série Livros, Documentos REVIZEE/Score Central, Livro 13. Museu Nacional: Rio de Janeiro. http://www.mar.mil.br/secirm/documentos/revizee/score-central-vol13.pdf

MCZ. 2016. Museum of Comparative Zoology collection. Accessed at http://mczbase.mcz.harvard.edu/SpecimenResults.cfm, 16 April 2016.

Melo, M., G. Nunan, A. Braga & P.A.S. Costa. 2009. The deep-sea Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes (Teleostei: Elopomorpha) collected on the Brazilian continental slope, between 11° and 23° S. Zootaxa 2234: 1–20. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/ 2009/f/zt02234p020.pdf

Menezes, G.M., O. Tariche, M.R. Pinho, A. Duarte, A. Fernandes & M.A. Aboim. 2004. Annotated list of fishes caught by the R/V Arquipélago off the Cape Verde archipelago. Arquipélago: Life and Marine Sciences 21(A): 57–71.

Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo & R.L. Moura (eds.). 2003. Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 159 pp.

Menezes, N.A. 2003. Muraenidae; pp. 33–34, in: N.A. Menezes, P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo & R.L. Moura (eds). Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo.

Menezes, N.A. 2003. Chlopsidae; pp. 32, in: N.A. Menezes, P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo & R.L. Moura (eds). Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo.

Mincarone, M. M., J. G. Nielsen & P.A.S. Costa. 2008. Deep-sea ophidiiform fishes collected on the Brazilian continental slope, between 11° and 23° S. Zootaxa 1770: 41–64. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2008/f/z01770p064f.pdf

NMNH. 2016. National Museum of Natural History collection. Accessed at http://collections.nmnh.si.edu/search/fishes, 16 April 2016.

Olavo, G., P.A.S. Costa & A.S. Martins. 2007. Estrutura de comunidades de peixes recifais na plataforma externa e talude superior da costa central brasileira: diversidade e distribuição batimétrica; pp. 15–44, in: O. Costa & A.S. Martins (eds). Biodiversidade da fauna marinha profunda na costa central brasileira, Documentos REVIZEE/Score Central, Livro 24. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. http://www.mar.mil.br/secirm/documentos/revizee/score-
central-vol24.pdf

Olavo, G., P.A.S. Costa, A.S. Martins & B.P. Ferreira. 2011. Shelf-edge reefs as priority areas for conservation of reef fish diversity in the tropical Atlantic. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 21(2): 199–209. doi: 10.1002/aqc.1174

Paiva, C.C., M.E. Araujo, R.A. Caires, R. Salles, R.S. Medeiros & T.M.C. Lotufo. 2011. Six new records of deep-sea fish off north-eastern Brazil. Marine Biodiversity Records 4: e9. doi: 10.1017/S1755267210001247

Pinheiro H.T., E. Mazzei, R.L. Moura, G.M. Amado-Filho, A. Carvalho-Filho, A.C. Braga. 2015. Fish biodiversity of the Vitória-Trindade Seamount Chain, Southwestern Atlantic: an updated database. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0118180. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118180

Robertson, D.R. & J. Van Tassell. 2015. Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean: online information service. Version 1.0. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa. Panama. Accessed at http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/caribbean/en/pages, 15 April 2016.

Robins, C.R. & C.H. Robins. 1966. Xenoconger olokun, a new xenocongrid eel from the Gulf of Guinea. Studies in Tropical Oceanography 4(1): 117–124. http://scholarlyrepository.miami.edu/trop_ocean/4

Robins, C.H. & C.R. Robins. 1967. Biological investigations of the deep sea. 29. The xenocongrid eel Chlopsis bicolor in the western North Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science 17(1): 232–248. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1967/00000017/00000001/art00013

Sabaj-Pérez, M.H. (ed.). 2014. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology: an online reference. Version 5.0 (22 September 2014). Washington, DC: American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Accessed at http://www.asih.org, 15 April 2016.

Seale, A. 1917. New species of apodal fishes. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 61(4): 79–94. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/25424

Smith, D.G. 1989a. Family Chlopsidae: pp. 72–97, in: E.B. Böhlke (ed.). Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Part 9. Volume 1: Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Memoir 1.

Smith, D.G. 1989b. Family Chlopsidae: pp. 933–942, in: E.B. Böhlke (ed.). Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Part 9. Volume 2: Leptocephali. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Memoir 2.

Smith, D.G. 2016a. Family Chlopsidae: pp. 1611–1613, in: K.E. Carpenter & N. De Angelis (eds.). The living marine resources of the eastern central Atlantic. Volume 3, bony fishes, part 1 (Elopiformes to Scorpaeniformes). FAO species identification guide for fisheries purposes. Rome: FAO.

Smith, D.G. 2016b. Family Muraenidae: pp. 1614–1642, in: K.E. Carpenter & N. De Angelis (eds.). The living marine resources of the eastern central Atlantic. Volume 3, bony fishes, part 1 (Elopiformes to Scorpaeniformes). FAO species identification guide for fisheries purposes. Rome: FAO.

Smith, D.G. & J.E. McCosker. 2015. Gymnothorax maderensis. The IUCN Red List of threatened species 2015: e.T190250A1 946099. doi: 10.2305/iucn.uk.2015-2.rlts.t190250a1946099.en

Smith-Vaniz, W.F & H.L. Jelks. 2014. Marine and inland fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands: an annotated checklist. Zootaxa 3803: 001–120. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3803.1.1

Tighe, K.A., J.J. Pogonoski,, Y. Hibino, H-C. Ho & Q.V. Nguyen. 2015. Three new species of the genus Chlopsis (Anguilliformes: Chlopsidae) from the Indo-Pacific. Zootaxa 4060: 019–029. doi: 1011646/zootaxa.4060.1.4

Tighe, K.A. & J.E. McCosker. 2003. Two new species of the genus Chlopsis (Teleostei: Anguilliformes: Chlopsidae) from the southwestern Pacific. Zootaxa 236: 1–8. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.236.1.1

Williams J.T, K.E. Carpenter, J.L. Van Tassell, P. Hoetjes, W. Toller et al. 2010. Biodiversity assessment of the fishes of Saba Bank Atoll, Netherlands Antilles. PLoS ONE 5(5): e10676. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010676