Chalcidoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera) - introduction, and review of smaller families

John S Noyes, Errol W Valentine

Abstract


A key is presented to the fifteen families of Chalcidoidea and the one of Mymarommatoidea known from New Zealand. Each family is characterised by a brief diagnosis. Where necessary, the known New Zealand genera of twelve families - viz Agaonidae, Aphelinidae, Chalcididae, Elasmidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Perilampidae, Rotoitidae, Signiphoridae, Torymidae, Trichogrammatidae, and Mymarommatidae - are keyed. Each genus is diagnosed, and illustrated with a line drawing of at least one representative species. Notes are provided on distribution and hosts, and the known host associations of the New Zealand chalcidoid fauna are summarised in appendix tables. Species are placed in forty-three established genera and in a new genus proposed in the Trichogrammatidae. Bardylis Howard and Dahmsiella Hayat are synonymised with Pteroptrix Westwood (Aphelinidae).

Checklist of Taxa

Superfamily CHALCIDOIDEA

Family AGAONIDAE

Genus Herodotia Girault, 1931
    subatriventris (Girault)

Genus Pleistodontes Saunders, 1883
    imperialis Saunders, 1883

Family APHELINIDAE

Genus Ablerus Howard, 1894

Genus Aphelinus Dalman, 1820
    abdominalis (Dalman, 1820)
    asychis Walker, 1839
    gossypii Timberlake, 1923
    humilis Mercet, 1928
    mali (Haldeman, 1860)
    subflavescens (Westwood, 1837)

Genus Aphytis Howard, 1900
    chilensis Howard, 1900
    chrysomphali (Mercet, 1912)
    diaspidis (Howard, 1881)
    ignotus Compere, 1955
    mytilaspidis (Le Baron, 1870)

Genus Cales Howard, 1907

Genus Centrodora Fōrster, 1878
    scolypopae Valentine, 1966
    xiphidii (Perkins, 1906)

Genus Coccophagoides Girault, 1915

Genus Coccophagus Westwood, 1833
    gurneyi Compere, 1929
    ochraceus Howard, 1895
    scutellaris (Dalman, 1825)

Genus Encarsia Fōrster, 1878
    citrina (Craw, 1891)
    formosa Gahan, 1924
    koebelei (Howard, 1908)
    pergandiella Howard, 1907
    perniciosi (Tower, 1913)

Genus Eutrichosomella Girault, 1915

Genus Euxanthellus Silvestri, 1915
    philippiae Silvestri, 1915

Genus Pteroptrix Westwood, 1833
       Bardylis Howard new synonymy
       Dahmsiella Hayat new synonymy

Family CHALCIDIDAE

Genus Antrocephalus Kirby, 1883

Genus Brachymeria Westwood, 1832
    phya (Walker, 1838)
    rubrifemur (Girault, 1913)
    teuta (Walker, 1831)

Genus Proconura Dodd, 1915

Family ELASMIDAE

Genus Elasmus Westwood, 1833

Family ENCYRTIDAE (see FNZ no. 13)

Family EULOPHIDAE

Family EUPELMIDAE

Genus Eupelmus Dalman, 1820
        Neosolindenia Gourlay
    antipoda Ashmead, 1900
    cyaneus (Gourlay, 1928)

Genus Eusandalum Ratzeburg, 1852
    barteli (Gourlay, 1928)

Genus Macroneura Walker, 1837
    vesicularis (Retzius, 1783)
        messene (Walker, 1839)

Genus Tineobius Gahan, 1927

Family EURYTOMIDAE

Genus Axanthosoma Girault, 1913

Genus Bruchophagus Ashmead, 1888
    acaciae (Cameron, 1910)
    gibbus (Boheman, 1835)
    roddi Gussakovskii, 1933

Genus Systole Walker, 1832
    foeniculi Otten, 1941

Genus Tetramesa Walker, 1848
    linearis (Walker, 1832)

Family MYMARIDAE (see FNZ no. 17)

Family PERILAMPIDAE

Genus Austrotoxeuma Girault, 1929
    kuscheli Boucek, 1988

Family PTEROMALIDAE

Family ROTOITIDAE

Genus Rotoita Boucek & Noyes, 1987
    basalis Boucek & Noyes, 1987

Family SIGNIPHORIDAE

Genus Chartocerus Motschulsky, 1859

Genus Signiphora Ashmead, 1880
    flavopalliata Ashmead, 1880
    merceti Malenotti, 1917

Family TORYMIDAE

Genus Liodontomerus Gahan, 1914
    longfellowi (Girault, 1917)

Genus Megastigmus Dalman, 1820
    aculeatus (Swederus, 1795)
    spermotrophus Wachtl, 1893

Genus Pachytomoides Girault, 1913

Genus Podagrion Spinola, 1811

Genus Torymoides Walker, 1871
    antipoda (Kirby, 1883)

Genus Torymus Dalman, 1820
    varians (Walker, 1833)

Family TRICHOGRAMMATIDAE

Genus Aphelinoidea Girault, 1911

Genus Brachyia Strand, 1926

Genus Lathromeris Fōrster, 1856

Genus Megaphragma Timberlake, 1923

Genus Oligosita Walker, 1851

Genus Pseudogrammina Ghesquière, 1946

Genus Trichogramma Westwood, 1833
    funiculatum Carver, 1978

Genus Trichogrammatoidea Girault, 1916
    bactrae Nagaraja, 1979

Genus Trichogrammatomyia Girault, 1916

Genus Ufens Girault, 1911

Zelogramma new genus
    maculatum new species

Superfamily MYMAROMMATOIDEA

Family MYMAROMMATIDAE

Genus Palaeomymar Meunier, 1901
    insulare (Valentine, 1964)


Keywords


Taxonomy; phylogeny; keys; chalcid wasps; biological control; Hymenoptera; Chalcidoidea

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