Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


A new species and a new combination of Iris subgenus Scorpiris (Iridaceae) from Central Asia (Hissar Range, Pamir-Alai)



During floristic surveys in the southwestern borders of the Hissar Mountains (Pamir-Alai system, Central Asia), 2011–2013, we collected one unidentified species from genus Iris Linnaeus (1753: 38) subgenus Scorpiris, section Juno (Trattinnick 1817: 135) Bentham ex Bentham & Hooker (1883: 687). These plants were introduced into the Tashkent Botanical Garden, where we carefully studied them in the Iris living collection. We conclude that the new species is related to an alliance that contains Iris parvula (Vvedensky 1963: 425) Hall & Seisums (2011: 300). This group consists primarily of high-mountain species, the distribution of which is limited to the ridges of the Pamir-Alai and western Tien-Shan (Central Asia)—Iris parvula, I. linifolia (Regel 1935: 152) Fedtschenko (1905: 159), I. tadshikorum (Vvedensky 1935: 152) Vvedensky (1935: 563) and I. narynensis Fedtschenko (1905: 159; Ikinci et al., 2011). According to our studies, this group could be extended by the inclusion of Iris vvedenskyi Nevski (1932: 323) and Juno linifoliiformis Khalkuziev (1985: 1663), here transferred to Iris. Iris vvedenskyi is primarily documented for the Kugi-Tang Range (western Pamir-Alai), and its main distribution is in Turkmenistan. The lesser-known I. linifoliiformis grows on northern slopes of the Turkestan and Alai Ridges (Khalkuziev, 1985). The world checklist of selected plant families (2013) placed J. linifoliiformis in synonymy with I. linifolia. Vvedensky (1971), in the note to Iris linifolia, wrote that plants from the Alai Ridge differ from I. linifolia and should be recognized as a new species, between typical I. linifolia and northern forms of I. tadshikorum Vved. Later, a researcher of the flora of Alai Ridge, Khalkuziev (1985), described these plants as Juno linifoliiformis Khalkusiev (1985: 1663) and distinguished them from I. linifolia by their deeply dissected (1.5–2.0 mm long) crests and narrower leaves not exceeding flowers.


Hissar Range, Pamir-Alai, Iridaceae, Iris, Scorpiris

Full Text:

PDF/A (2.39 MB)


Bentham, G. & Hooker, J.D. (1883) Iris. In: Genera plantarum, III. Black, London, pp. 681–702.

Fedtschenko, O. (1905) I. narynensis. Izvestia Imperatorskogo St.-Peterburgskogo Botanicheskogo Sada 5: 159.

Foster, M. (1902) Iris warleyensis Foster. In: Gardeners Chronicle (1902) III, 31: 386–387.

Hall, T. & Seisums, A. (2011) Iris parvula (Vvedensky) Hall & Seisums. In: Ikinci & al. (2011) Molecular phylogenetics of the juno irises, Iris subgenus Scorpiris (Iridaceae), based on six plastid markers. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 281–300.

Ikinci, N., Hall, T., Lledo, M. D., Clarkson, J., Tillie, N., Seisums, A., Saito, T., Harley, M. & Chase, M. W. (2011) Molecular phylogenetics of the juno irises, Iris subgenus Scorpiris (Iridaceae), based on six plastid markers. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 281–300.

Kamelin, R.V. (1981) Iris hyppolyti (Vved.) Kamelin. In: Takhtajan A.L. (ed.), Redkie Izchezayushie vidi flori SSSR 2, p. 102.

Khalkuziev, P. (1985) A new species of the genus Juno (Iridaceae) from northern Pamir-Alai. Botanical Journal 70: 1663–1665.

Khassanov, F.O. & Rakhimova, N. (2012) Taxonomical revision of genus Iris L. (Iridaceae Juss.) in the flora of Central Asia. Stapfia 97: 121–126.

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum. Salvii, Stockholm, 560 pp.

Mathew, B. (1997) Subgenus Scorpiris. In: Species Group of the British Iris Society (ed.). A guide to species irises: their identification and cultivation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 225–278.

Nevski S.A. (1932) Iris vvedenskyi Nevski. In: B.A. Fedtschenko & M.G. Popov (eds.) Flora Turkmenia 1: 323.

Tillie, N., Chase, M.W. & Hall, T. (2000) Molecular studies in the genus Iris L.: a preliminary study. Annali di Botanica (Roma) n.s. 1: 105–112.

Vvedensky, A.I. (1935) Iris L. sect. Juno. In: Komarov V.L. (ed.) Flora SSSR. Akademiya Nauk, Leningrad, pp 424–439.

Vvedensky, A.I. (1935) Iris tadshikorum (Vved.) Vvedensky. Bulletin de`l Universite de`l Asie Centrale 21:152.

Vvedensky, A.I. (1971) Juno Tratt. In: Vvedensky A.I. & Kovalevskaya S.S. (eds.) Opredelitel rastenij Srednej Azii. Tashkent: FAN, 2: 132–139, incl. Appendix: 321–322.

Wendelbo, P. (1975) Iris maracandica (Vvedensky) Wendelbo. Botaniska Notiser 128: 216.

Wendelbo, P. & Mathew M. (1975) Iris L. In: Rechinger K.H. (ed.) Flora Iranica. Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 112: 13–68.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand