Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.172.1.3

Epipactis krymmontana (Orchidaceae), a new species endemic to the Crimean Mountains and notes on the related taxa in the Crimea and bordering Russian Caucasus

Alexander V. Fateryga, Karel C.A.J. Kreutz, Valentina V. Fateryga, Petr G. Efimov

Abstract


A new obligately self-pollinating species, Epipactis krymmontana, is described from the Crimea. The species is closely related to E. condensata from which it differs by its relatively loose and usually much shorter inflorescence, relatively elongate ovaries, much paler epichile with less protruding bosses and absence of a viscidium. It grows in beech forests, often mixed with oak and hornbeam, on calcareous soils. The new species was previously misidentified in the Crimea as E. purpurata or sometimes as E. condensata, the latter growing in hot, sunny places with sparse vegetation. The presence of typical E. condensata in the Crimea is considered doubtful, but it is undoubtedly present in the Russian Caucasus along with E. condensata subsp. kuenkeleana, which is a new combination proposed in place of E. purpurata subsp. kuenkeleana. Epipactis purpurata should be excluded both from the floras of the Crimea and the Russian Caucasus. An updated key to the species of Epipactis sect. Epipactis in the Crimea and Russian Caucasus is provided.


Keywords


Epipactis condensata, Epipactis condensata subsp. kuenkeleana, Epipactis purpurata, Epipactis purpurata subsp. kuenkeleana, self-pollinating orchids

Full Text:

PDF/A (2.07 MB)

References


Averyanov, L.V. (2006) Orchidaceae. In: Takhtadjan, A.L. (ed.), Caucasian Flora Conspectus, vol. 2. Saint Petersburg University Press, Saint Petersburg, pp. 84–101 (in Russian).

Averyanova, E.A. (2013a) Epipactis condensata. In: Plantarium: key to plants on-line (in Russian), http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/48031/user/3521.html (Accessed 5 December 2013)

Averyanova, E.A. (2013b) Epipactis pontica Taubenheim—new species for the flora of Russia. Turczaninowia 16: 38–43 (in Russian).

http://dx.doi.org/10.14258/turczaninowia.16.3.7

Baumann, H. & Lorenz, R. (2005) Beiträge zur Taxonomie europäischer und mediterraner Orchideen. Journal Europäischer Orchideen 37: 705–743.

Besser, W.S.J.G. von (1809) Primitiae florae Galiciae austriacae utriusque, pars 2. Doll, Vienna, 423 pp.

Boisser, P.E. (1859) Diagnoses plantarum orientalium novarum, series 2, part 4. Herrmann, Leipzig & Baillière, Paris, 146 pp.

Boisser, P.E. (1882) Flora orientalis sive enumeratio plantarum in Oriente a Graecia et Aegypto ad Indiae fines hucusque observatarum, vol. 5. Georg, Basel & Genève, 428 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.20323

Crantz, H.J.N. von (1769) Stirpium austriarum fasciculus, second edition. Kraus, Vienna, 508 pp.

Delforge, P. (2006) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. Black, London, 640 pp.

Efimov, P.G. (2004) The genus Epipactis Zinn (Orchidaceae) in Russia. Turczaninowia 7: 8–43 (in Russian).

Efimov, P.G. (2007) Taxonomic revision of the genus Arthrochilium (Orchidaceae). Komarovia 5: 25–37.

Efimov, P.G. (2008) Notes on Epipactis condensata, E. rechingeri and E. purpurata (Orchidaceae) in the Caucasus and Crimea. Willdenowia 38: 71–80.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3372/wi.38.38104

Ehrhart, J.F. (1789) Beiträge zur Naturkunde, und den damit verwandten Wissenschaften, besonders der Botanik, Chemie, Haus- und Landwirthschaft, Arzneigelahrtheit und Apothekerkunst, vol. 4. Schmidtische, Hannover & Osnabrück, 184 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44806

Fateryga, A.V. & Kreutz, C.A.J. (2012) A new Epipactis species from the Crimea, South Ukraine (Orchidaceae). Journal Europäischer Orchideen 44: 199–206.

Fateryga, V.V., Kreutz, C.A.J., Fateryga, A.V. & Reinhardt, J. (2013) Epipactis muelleri Godfery (Orchidaceae), a new species for the flora of Ukraine. Ukrayins’ky Botanichny Zhurnal 70: 652–654.

Godfery, M.J. (1921) A new European Epipactis. Journal of Botany British and Foreign 59: 101–106.

Golubev, V.N. (1996 publ. 2008) Biological Flora of the Crimea, second edition. Nikitskiy Botanical Garden—National Scientific Center, Yalta, 126 pp. (in Russian).

Hahn, W. (2012) Auf den Spuren von Christian von Steven: Orchideen- und Bestäuberuntersuchungen im Krimgebirge 2011 und 2012. Berichte Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 29: 5–63.

Hoffmann, G.F. (1804) Deutschlands Flora oder botanisches Taschenbuch für das Jahr 1804. Vierter Jahrgang oder des III. Jahrgangs II. Abtheilung. Vierzehnte bis drei und zwanzigste Klasse. Palm, Erlangen, 308 pp.

Hollingsworth, P.M., Squirrell, J., Hollingsworth, M.L., Richards, A.J. & Bateman, R.M. (2006) Taxonomic complexity, conservation and recurrent origins of self-pollination in Epipactis (Orchidaceae). In: Bailey, J. & Ellis, R.G. (eds.), Current Taxonomic Research on the British and European Flora. BSBI, London, pp. 27–44.

Irmisch, J.F.T. (1842) Bemerkungen über die Epipactisarten der deutschen Flora. Linnaea 16: 417–462.

Klein, E. (1997) Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz subsp. orbicularis (Richter) Klein comb. nova, eine xerophile Unterart (Orchidaceae—Neottieae). Phyton 37: 71–83.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (1997) Zwei neue Orchideenarten aus der Türkei. Eurorchis 9: 48–76.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (1998) Die Orchideen der Türkei. Eigenverlag, Landgraaf & Raalte, 768 pp.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (2003) Feldführer der türkischen Orchideen. Eigenverlag, Landgraaf, 204 pp.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (2004a) Kompendium der europäischen Orchideen. Eigenverlag, Landgraaf, 240 pp.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (2004b) Die Orchideen von Zypern / The Orchids of Cyprus. Eigenverlag, Landgraaf, 416 pp.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (2006) Beitrag zur den Orchideen Europas Neukombinationen und kurze Bemerkungen. Eurorchis 18: 93–95.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (2010 publ. 2011) Beitrag zur Kenntnis europäischer, mediterraner und vorderasiatischer Orchideen. Berichte Arbeitskreisen Heimische Orchideen 27: 171–236.

Kreutz, C.A.J. & Fateryga, A.V. (2012) Two taxa of the genus Epipactis Zinn (Orchidaceae) new for the flora of Ukraine. Ukrayins’ky Botanichny Zhurnal 69: 713–716.

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad generarelatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas, first edition. Salvii, Stockholm, 1200 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.669

Nannfeldt, J.A. (1946) Tre för Norden nya Epipactis-arter, E. persica Hsausskn., E. leptochila (Godf.) Godf., och E. purpurata Sm. Botaniska Notiser 1946: 1–28.

Nevski, S.A. (1935) Orchidaceae. In: Komarov, V.L. (ed.), Flora of the USSR, vol. 4. Academy of Sciences of the USSR Press, Leningrad, pp. 589–730 (in Russian).

Popkova, L.L. (2001) Orchids of the Crimea: biology, ecology and conservation. Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Nikitskogo Botanicheskogo Sada 120: 41–52 (in Russian).

Popovich, A.V. (2013) Epipactis condensata. In: Plantarium: key to plants on-line (in Russian), http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/48031/user/850.html (Accessed 5 December 2013)

Richter, K. (1887) Notizen zur Flora Niederösterreichs. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 37: 189–200.

Schlechter, F.R.R. (1928) Monographie der Gattungen und Arten (mit Blütenanalysen). In: Keller, G. & Schlechter, F.R.R., Monographie und Iconographie der Orchideen Europas und des Mittelmeergebietes. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis. Sonderbeiheft A 1: 1–304.

Smith, J.E. (1828) The English Flora, vol. 4. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, London, 374 pp.

Smolyaninova, L.A. (1976) Orchidaceae. In: Fedorov, A.A. & Egorova, T.V. (eds.), Flora of the European Part of the USSR, vol. 2. Nauka, Leningrad, pp. 10–59 (in Russian).

Soó, R.V. von (1927) Orchideae novae europeae et mediterraneae: Diagnoses, combinationes et nomina nova. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 24: 25–37.

Sundermann, H. (1980) Europäische und mediterrane Orchideen. Eine Bestimmungsflora mit Berücksichtigung der Ökologie, third edition. Schmersow, Hildesheim, 280 pp.

Swartz, O. (1800) Orchidernes flaegter och arter upstaellde. Kongliga Vetenskaps Academiens Nya Handlingar 21: 202–254.

Taubenheim, G. (1975) Epipactis pontica Taubenheim spec. nov., eine neue Stendelwurz aus Kleinasien. Die Orchidee 26: 68–74.

Vlčko, J., Dítě, D. & Kolník, M. (2003) Vstavačovité Slovenska / Orchids of Slovakia. ZO SZOPK Orchidea, Zvolen, 120 pp.

Wulff, E.W. (1930) Flora of the Crimea, vol. 1, fasc. 3. Nikitskiy Botanical Garden Press, Leningrad, 126 pp. (in Russian).

Yena, A.V. (2012) Spontaneous Flora of the Crimean Peninsula. N.Orianda, Simferopol, 232 pp. (in Russian).

Young, D.P. (1970) Notiz über einige südwestasiatische Epipactis-Arten. Jahresberichte des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines in Wuppertal 23: 106–108.

Zernov, A.S. (2006) Flora of the Northwest Caucasus. KMK, Moscow, 664 pp. (In Russian).

Zinn, J.G. (1757) Catalogus plantarum horti academici et agri Gottingensis. Vandenhoeck, Göttingen, 454 pp.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand