Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


New combinations and lectotype designations in Asparagaceae subfam. Scilloideae

Mario Martínez-Azorín, Manuel B. Crespo, Anthony P. Dold, Michael Pinter, Wolfgang Wetschnig


Hyacinthaceae (Asparagaceae subfam. Scilloideae) are commonly hysteranthous or proteranthous plants, in which leaves and inflorescences usually are not present simultaneously. Consequently, to facilitate future identification, type “specimens” were sometimes prepared to combine fragments gathered at different times so as to include as many vegetative and reproductive structures as possible. However, this is not acceptable under the rules of nomenclature. We here lectotypify four species names of Hyacinthaceae for which the intended types do not conform to the ICN (Melbourne Code). Furthermore, seven new combinations are presented to transfer recently described units of Ornithogaloideae and Urgineoideae to their proper genera, characterized by distinct and consistent morphological syndromes.


Coilonox, Eliokarmos, Fusifilum, Hyacinthaceae, Litanthus, nomenclature, Ornithogalum, Rhadamanthus, Schizobasis, typification, Urginea

Full Text:

PDF/A (198.08 KB)


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399–436.

Baker, J.G. (1873a) Revision of the genera and species of Scilleae and Chlorogaleae. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 13: 209–292.

Baker, J.G. (1873b) On Schizobasis, a new genus of Liliaceae from Cape Colony. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 11: 105.

Burnett, G.T. (1835) Outlines of Botany, 2 vols. H. Renshaw, London, 1068 pp.

Chase, M.W., Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009) A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 132-136.

Dold, A.P. & Brink, E. (2006) Drimia montana (Urgineoideae), a new species from Eastern Cape, South Africa. Bothalia 36: 64–66.

Duthie, A.V. (1928) Contribution to our knowledge of the Stellenbosch Flora. The species of Urginea of the Stellenbosch flats. Annale van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch 2: 3-16.

Dyer, R.A. (1934) Tabula 3247 Rhadamanthus urantherus. In: Hill, A.W. (Ed.) Hooker’s Icones Plantarum, ser. 5, 33. Dulau & Co. Ltd., London.

Dyer, R.A. (1947) Urginea epigea. Flowering Plants of Africa 26: t. 1027.

Harvey, W.H. (1844) Litanthus, a new genus of Asphodeleae from South Africa. The London Journal of Botany 3: 314–315.

IPNI (2014) The International Plant Names Index. Available from: (accessed: August 2014).

Jacquin, N.J. (1777) Hortus botanicus Vindobonensis 3. Typis Josephi Michaelis Gerold, Vienna, 52 pp.

Jacquin, N.J. (1789) Collectanea ad Botanicam, Chemicam et Historiam Naturalem 2. Officina Wappleriana, Vienna, 374 pp., 18 plates.

Jessop, J.P. (1977) Studies in the bulbous Liliaceae in South Africa 7. The Taxonomy of Drimia and certain allied genera. Journal of South African Botany 43: 265-319.

Lewis, G.J. (1952) 2. Plantae novae Africanae. Annals of the South African Museum 40: 6-14.

Manning, J.C., Martínez-Azorín, M. & Crespo, M.B. (2007) A revision of Ornithogalum subgenus Aspasia section Aspasia, the chincherinchees (Hyacinthaceae). Bothalia 37: 133-164.

Manning, J.C., Deacon, J. & Goldblatt, P. (2013) A review of the Litanthus group of Drimia Jacq. (Hyacinthaceae: Urgineoideae) with the description of a second species, Drimia stenocarpa, from Western Cape. South African Journal of Botany 90: 96-100.

Manning, J.C., Deacon, J. & Goldblatt, P. (2014) A review of the Schizobasis group of Drimia Jacq. (Hyacinthaceae: Urgineoideae), and the new species Drimia sigmoidea from Western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 94: 263-269.

Martínez-Azorín, M. & Crespo, M.B. (2014) Validation of several names in Hyacinthaceae. Taxon 63: 1327-1334.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B. & Juan, A. (2007) Taxonomic revision of Ornithogalum subg. Cathissa (Salisb.) Baker (Hyacinthaceae). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 64: 7-25.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B. & Juan, A. (2010a) Taxonomic revision of Ornithogalum subg. Beryllis (Hyacinthaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Belgian Journal of Botany 142: 139-161.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B. & Juan, A. (2010b) Taxonomic revision of Ornithogalum subg. Ornithogalum (Hyacinthaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Plant Systematics and Evolution 289: 181-211.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B., Juan, A. & Fay, M.F. (2011) Molecular phylogenetics of subfamily Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on nuclear and plastid DNA regions, including a new taxonomic arrangement. Annals of Botany (London) 107: 1-37.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B., Dold, A.P., Westchnig, W., Pinter, M., Pfosser, M. & Van Jaarsveld, E. (2013) Sagittanthera (Hyacinthaceae, Urgineoideae), a new buzz pollinated genus from the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Phytotaxa 98: 43-54.

McNeill, J. (2014) Holotype specimens and type citations: general issues. Taxon 63: 1112-1113.

McNeill, J., Barrie, F.R., Buck, W.R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L. Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Smith, G.F., Wiersema, J.H. & Turland, N.J. (Eds.) (2012) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code). Adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. [Regnum Vegetabile 154]. A.R.G. Gantner, Ruggell, 240 pp.

Müller-Doblies, U. & Müller-Doblies, D. (1996) Revisionula incompleta Ornithogalorum Austro-Africanorum (Hyacinthaceae). Feddes Repertorium 107: 361-548.

Müller-Doblies, U., Tang, J. & Müller-Doblies, U. (2001) A revision of the genus Fusifilum Raf. 1837 (Hyacinthaceae of Southern Africa) 1. Ten new species in the genus Fusifilum vel prodromus Fusifili revisionis. Feddes Repertorium 112: 473-479.

Nordenstam, B. (1970) Studies in South African Liliaceae. III. The genus Rhadamanthus. Botaniska Notiser 123: 155-182.

Obermeyer, A.A. (1978) Ornithogalum: a revision of the southern African species. Bothalia 12: 323–376.

Rafinesque, C.S. (1837) Flora Telluriana 3. H. Probasco, Philadelphia, PA, 100 pp.

Redouté, P.J. (1807) Les Liliacées 2. Faubourg S. Germain, Paris, 116 pp.

Roemer, J.J. & Schultes, J.A. (1829) Systema vegetabilium, ed. 15 bis, 7. J.G. Cottae, Sttutgardtiae, i-xliii + 753 pp.

Röpert, D. (Ed.) (2000) Digital specimen images at the Herbarium Berolinense. Available from: (accessed August 2014).

Rowley, G.D. (1975) A new succulent Albuca (Liliaceae). Ashingtonia 2: 55-56.

Speta, F. (1998) Systematische Analyse der Gattung Scilla L. s.l. (Hyacinthaceae). Phyton (Horn) 38: 1–141.

Speta, F. (2001) Die echte und die falsche Meerzwiebel: Charybdis Speta und Stellarioides Medicus (Hyacinthaceae), mit Neubeschreibungen und Neukombinationen im Anhang. Stapfia 75: 139–176.

Thiers, B. (2014) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: (accessed August 20140.

Thunberg, C.P. (1794) Prodromus plantarum capensium 1. J. Edman, Upsala, 83 pp.

Van Jaarsveld, E.J. & Van Wyk, A.E. (2009) Ornithogalum pendens (Hyacinthaceae), a new cliff-dwelling succulent from the Northern Cape (South Africa). Aloe 46: 30-32.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand