Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.243.2.1

Hidden biodiversity revealed by collections-based research—Laboulbeniales in millipedes: genus Rickia

Sergi Santamaria, Henrik Enghoff, Ana Sofia Reboleira

Abstract


Nine new species of the genus Rickia parasitizing Diplopoda are described: R. appendicifera from Iran on Chiraziulus, R. candelabriformis from Australia and New Zealand on several Spirostreptida, R. galatheae from New Zealand on Eumastigonus, R. gigas from Tanzania on ‘Spirostreptus and Archispirostreptus, R. lophophora from Tanzania on some genera of Spirostreptidae, R. obelostrepti from Tanzania on Obelostreptus, R. odontopygiidarum from Tanzania on Odontopygidae, R. platessa from Singapore and Thailand on Pachybolidae, and R. rhynchophora from Australia on Trigoniulus.  This nearly triples the previously known number of species of Rickia species on millipedes; all 14 species are treated in this study with photomicrographs, additional observations on previously described taxa and comments. A key to these species is also provided. The Laboulbeniales species were found on millipede specimens preserved mostly at the Natural History Museum of Denmark, from samples collected between 1916 to the present.


Keywords


Ascomycota, Diplopoda, Julida, parasitic fungi, Spirobolida, Spirostreptida, Fungi, Iran

Full Text:

PDF/A (7.31 MB)

References


Causey, D., Janzen, D.H., Townsend, P.A., Vieglais, D., Krishtalka, L., Beach, J.H. & Wiley, E.O. (2004) Museum collections and taxonomy. Science 305 (5687): 1106b–1107b.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.305.5687.1106b

Ariño, A.H. (2010) Approaches to estimating the universe of natural history collections data. Biodiversity Informatics 7: 81–92.

http://dx.doi.org/10.17161/bi.v7i2.3991

Bechet, M. & Bechet, I. (1986) Rickia pachyiuli n.sp. (Ascomycetes, Laboulbeniales) parazita pe Pachyiulus hungaricus (Karsch.) (Diplopoda, Julidae). Contributii Botanice Universitatea “Babes-Bolyai” din Cluj-Napoca 1986: 31–34.

Benjamin, R.K. (1971) Introduction and supplement to Roland Thaxter’s contribution towards a monograph of the Laboulbeniaceae. Bibliotheca Mycologica 30: 1–155.

Bruun, A.F., Greve, S., Mielche, H. & Sparck, R. (1956) The Galathea deep sea expedition 1950-52, described by members of the expedition. George Allen and Unwin Ltd. London, 296 pp.

Cavara, F. (1899) Di una nuova Laboulbeniacea Rickia wasmannii nov. gen. e nov. spec. Malpighia 13: 173–188.

Chlebicki, A. (1995) Microfungi on Dryas extracted from Polish phanerogam herbaria. Acta Societas Botanicorum Poloniae 64 (4): 393–407.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/asbp.1995.052

De Kesel, A., Haelewaters, D. & Gerstmans, C. (2013) Two interesting species of Rickia (Laboulbeniales) from coastal habitats in Belgium and The Netherlands. Sterbeeckia 32: 6–10.

Enghoff, H., Golovatch, S., Short, M., Stoev, P. & Wesener, T. (2015) Diplopoda – Taxonomic overview. In: Minelli, A. (Ed.) The Myriapoda 2. Treatise on Zoology – anatomy, taxonomy, biology. Leiden, Boston. Brill, pp. 363–453.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004188273_017

Enghoff, H., Hoffman, R.L. & Howell, K.M. (in press) Checklist of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History.

Enghoff, H. & Santamaria, S. (2015) Infectious intimacy and contaminated caves - three new species of ectoparasitic fungi (Ascomycota: Laboulbeniales) from blaniulid millipedes (Diplopoda: Julida) and inferences abou their transmital mechanisms. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 15: 249–263.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13127-015-0208-8

Fontaine, B., Perrard, A. & Bouchet P. (2012) Twenty one years of life shelf between discovery and description of new species. Current Biology 22 (22): 943–944.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.10.029

Giard, A. (1892) Sur une Laboulbéniacée (Thaxteria kunckeli nov. gen. et sp.), parasite de Mormolyce phyllodes Hagen. Comptes-Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de Biologie 44: 156–158.

Giribet, G. (2015) Morphology should not be forgotten in the era of genomics—a phylogenetic perspective. Zoologischer Anzeiger 256: 96–103.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2015.01.003

Goldmann, L.M. & Weir, A. (2012) Position specificity in Chitonomyces (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniomycetes) on Laccophilus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae): a molecular approach resolves a century-old debate. Mycologia 104: 1143–1158.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3852/11-358

Goldmann, L., Weir, A. & Rossi, W. (2013) Molecular analysis reveals two new dimorphic species of Hesperomyces (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniomycetes) parasitic on the ladybird Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). Fungal Biology 117 (11): 807–813.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2013.10.004

Haelewaters, D., Gorczak, M., Pfliegler, W.P., Tartally, A., Tischer, M., Wrzosek, M. & Pfister, D.H. (2015) Bringing Laboulbeniales into the 21st century: enhanced techniques for extraction and PCR amplification of DNA from minute ectoparasitic fungi. IMA Fungus 6 (2): 363–372.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.02.08

Hoffman, R.L., Golovatch, S.I. & Hamer, M. (2001) Identities of the millipede genera Spirostreptus Brandt, 1833 and Spiropoeus Brandt, 1833 (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Spirostreptidae). Myriapodologica 7 (5): 35–47.

Korsós, Z. & Johns, P.M. (2009). Introduction to the taxonomy of Iulomorphidae of New Zealand, with descriptions of two new species of Eumastigonus Chamberlin, 1920 (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Epinannolenidea). Zootaxa 2065: 1–24.

Maire, R. (1916) Sur une nouvelle laboulbéniale parasite des Scaphidiidae. Bulletin Scientifique de la France et de la Belgique 49(3): 290–296.

Majewski, T. (1974) Rare and new Laboulbeniales from Poland. V. Acta Mycologica 10 (2): 267–282.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/am.1974.008

Mwabvu, T., Hamer, M., Slotow, R. & Barraclough, D. (2010) A revision of the taxonomy and distribution of Archispirostreptus Silvestri 1895 (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Spirostreptidae), and description of a new spirostreptid genus with three new species. Zootaxa 2567: 1–49.

Peterson, P.C., Atyeo, W.T. & Moss, W.W. (1980) The feather mite family Eustathiidae (Acarina: Sarcoptiformes). Monograph, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 21: 1–143.

Reboleira, A.S.P.S., Hosseini, M.J.M., Sadeghi, S. & Enghoff, H. (2015) Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes – a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites. European Journal of Taxonomy 146: 1–18.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2015.146

Rossi, W. (1986) Su alcune specie di Laboulbenia nuove o interessanti della Sierra Leone. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei Quaderno 260: 77–96, Tav. I–III.

Rossi, W. (1990) New or interesting Laboulbeniales (Ascomycetes) from Sierra Leone. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei Quaderno 265: 5–13, Pl. I–II.

Rossi, W. (2006) New cavernicolous Laboulbeniales (Fungi, Ascomycota). Nova Hedwigia 83 (1–2): 129–136.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0029-5035/2006/0083-0129

Rossi, W & Balazuc, J. (1977) Laboulbéniales parasites de Myriapodes. Revue de Mycologie 41: 525–535.

Rossi, W. & Santamaria, S. (2015) New species of Aporomyces. Turkish Journal of Botany 39 (2): 354–358.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/bot-1404-104

Rossi, W., Santamaria, S. & Andrade, R. (2013) Notes on the Laboulbeniales (Ascomycota) parasitic on Diptera from Portugal and other countries. Plant Biosystems 147 (3): 730–742.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11263504.2012.753132

Rossi, W. & Weir, A. (1998) Trianomyces, a new genus of Laboulbeniales on the pill-millipede Procyliosoma tuberculatum from New Zealand. Mycologia 90 (2): 282–289.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3761304

Santamaria, S. (2001) Los Laboulbeniales, un grupo enigmático de hongos parásitos de insectos. Lazaroa 22: 3–19.

Santamaria, S., Enghoff, H. & Reboleira, A.S.P. (2014) Laboulbeniales on millipedes: the genera Diplopodomyces and Troglomyces. Mycologia 106 (5): 1027–1038.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3852/13-381

Santamaria, S. & Espadaler, X. (2015) Rickia lenoirii, a new ectoparasitic species, with comments on world Laboulbeniales associated with ants. Mycoscience 56 (2): 224–229.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.myc.2014.06.006

Scheloske, H.W. (1969) Beiträge zur Biologie, Ökologie und Systematik der Laboulbeniales (Ascomycetes) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Parasit-Wirt-Verhältnisses. Parasitologische Schriftenreihe 19: 1–176.

Shanor, L. (1952) The characteristics and morphology of a new genus of the Laboulbeniales on an earwig. American Journal of Botany 39: 498–504.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2438334

Shelley, R.M. & Lehtinen, P.T. (1999) Diagnoses, synonymies and occurrences of the pantropical millipeds, Leptogoniulus sorornus (Butler) and Trigoniulus corallinus (Gervais) (Spirobolida: Pachybolidae: Trigoniulinae). Journal of Natural History 33: 1379–1401.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/002229399299932

Storey, M. (2009) BioImages - Virtual Field-Guide (UK). Malcolm Storey. Available from: http://www.bioimages.org.uk/ (accessed 8 October 2015)

Tavares, I.I. (1985) Laboulbeniales (Fungi, Ascomycetes). Mycological Memoirs 9: 1–627.

Thaxter, R. (1926) Contribution towards a monograph of the Laboulbeniaceae. Part IV. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 15: 1–435.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/25058132

Thaxter, R. (1931) Contribution towards a monograph of the Laboulbeniaceae. Part V. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 16: 427–580.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/25058136

Webster, J. & Weber, R.W.S. (2007) Introduction to Fungi. Cambridge University Press, New York, 841 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511809026

Weir, A. (1998) Notes on the Laboulbeniales of Sulawesi. The genus Rickia. Mycologia 102: 327–343.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0953756297005030

Weir, A. & Hammond, P.M. (1997) Laboulbeniales on beetles: host utilization patterns and species richness of the parasites. Biodiversity and Conservation 6: 701–719.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1018318320019

Weir, A. & Blackwell, M. (2001) Extraction and PCR amplification of DNA from minute ectoparasitic fungi. Mycologia 93: 802–806.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3761835

Wheeler, Q.D., Raven, P.H. & Wilson, E.O. (2004) Taxonomy: impediment or expedient? Science 303 (5656): 285.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.303.5656.285


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand