Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.244.2.8

Habenaria sahyadrica (Orchidaceae, Orchideae) a new species from the Western Ghats (India) with critical notes on allied taxa

Pankaj Kumar, Konickal Mambetta Prabhukumar, Thankappan Kureekadu Nirmesh, Vadakkethil Balakrishnan Sreekumar, Vadakkoot Sankaran Hareesh, Indira Balachandran

Abstract


Habenaria Willdenow (1805: 544) is a large genus represented by approximately 848 species making it by far the largest in subfamily Orchidoideae (Cribb 2001, Kurzweil 2009, Govaerts et al. 2014, Batista et al. 2011), with centres of diversity in Brazil, southern and central Africa, and East Asia (Kurzweil & Weber 1992). In India, it is represented by 72 species, of which 36 are endemic (Misra 2007).  About 45 species of Habenaria are known to occur in the Western Ghats of India, of which 21 species are endemic (Jalal & Jayanthi 2012). In Kerala, 26 species were reported so far with 17 endemic (Sasidharan 2013).


Keywords


Orchidaceae, new species, India, Monocots

Full Text:

PDF/A (961.54 KB)

References


Abraham, A. & Vatsala, P. (1981) Habenaria. In: Introduction to orchids with illustrations and descriptions of 150 south Indian orchids. TGBRI, Palode, pp. 229–231.

Champion, H.G. & Seth, S.K. (1968) Classification of forest types of India. Natraj, Dehra Dun, 404 pp.

Cribb, P.J. (2001) Habenaria. In: Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen F.N. (Eds.) Genera orchidacearum, vol. 2, Orchidoideae (part 1). Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 298–303.

Gamble, J.S. (1928) Habenaria. In: Flora of the Presidency of Madras, vol. III. Newman and Adlard, London, pp. 1022–1026.

Govaerts, R., Campacci, M.A., Baptista, D.H., Cribb, P.J., George, A., Kreutz, K. & Wood, J.J. (2014) World checklist of Orchidaceae. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Available from: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/Retrieved (accessed 10 April 2014)

Hooker, J.D. (1890) Orchidaceae. In: Hooker, J.D. (Ed.) Flora of British India, vol. 6. Reeve, London, pp. 1–198.

IUCN (2013) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria:Version 3.1, second edition. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, 32 pp.

Jalal, J.S. & Jayanthi, J. (2012) Endemic orchids of peninsular India: a review. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4: 3415–3425.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3091.3415-25

Batista, J.A.N., Bianchetti, L.d.B., Gonzalez-Tamayo, R., Figueroa, X.M.C. & Cribb, P.J. (2011) A synopsis of New World Habenaria (Orchidaceae) II. Harvard Papers in Botany 16: 233–273.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3100/0.25.016.0202

Kumar, C.S. & Manilal, K.S. (1994) A catalogue of Indian orchids. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, pp. 76–77.

Kumar, C.S. & Manilal, K.S. (2004) Orchids of Kerala. In: Kumar, C.S. & Manilal, K.S. (Eds.) Orchids memories; a tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden. Mantor and IAAT, India, pp. 197–198.

Kurzweil, H. (2009) The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 2009 (special issue): 7–105.

Kurzweil, H. & Weber, A. (1992) Floral morphology of southern African Orchideae. II. Habenariinae. Nordic Journal of Botany 12: 39–61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.1992.tb00200.x

Misra, S. (1981) Two new orchids from Orissa. Blumea 27: 213–216.

Misra, S. (2007) Orchids of India – a glimpse. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, 402 pp.

Ramachandra Chary, S.T. & Wood, J.J. (1981) A new species of Habenaria (Orchidaceae) from India. Kew Bulletin 36: 235–237.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/4113610

Sasidharan, N. (2013) Flowering plants of Kerala: CD-ROM ver 2.0. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi.

Sedgewick, L.J. (1919) Habenaria multicaudata. Record of Botanical Survey of India 6: 352.

Trimen, H. (1885) A systematic catalogue of the flowering plants and ferns indigenous to or growing wild in Ceylon, with the Vernacular names and with reference to Thwaites’s ‘Enumeratio’. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 9: 1–137.

Willdenow, C.L. (1805) Species plantarum editio quarta. Nauk, Berlin, 544 pp.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand