Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


New species of Mycena (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) from California



Two new species of Mycena are described from California: Mycena nivicola, a spring taxon from the High Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges is proposed within section Hygrocyboideae, and M. bulliformis from the Coastal Ranges and Sierra Nevada Foothills is proposed in section Rubromarginatae. Both species are fully described, illustrated, and compared with similar and/or closely related taxa.


fungi, agarics, systematics, taxonomy, USA

Full Text:

PDF/A (989.62 KB)


Gardes, M. & Bruns, T.D. (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113–118.

Harkness, H.W. & Moore, J.P. (1880) Catalogue of the pacific coast fungi. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, 46 pp.

Hickman, J.C. (Ed.) (1993) The Jepson manual, higher plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Kornerup, A. & Wanscher, J.H. (1978) Methuen handbook of colour. 3rd ed. Eyre Methuen, London.

Kühner, R. (1938) Le genre Mycena (Fries), Etude cytologique et systématique des espèces d’Europe et d’Amérique du Nord. Encyclopédie Mycologique 10: 1–710.

Lincoff, G.H. (1981) National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Maas Geesteranus, R.A. (1986) Conspectus of the Mycenas of the Northern Hemisphere–8, Sections Intermediae, Rubromarginatae. Proc K Ned Akad Wet C 89:279–310.

Maas Geesteranus, R.A. (1992) Mycenas of the Northern Hemisphere. II. Conspectus of the Mycenas of the Northern Hemisphere. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam.

Moncalvo, J.-M., Lutzoni, F.M., Rehner, S.A., Johnson, J. & Vilgalys, R. (2000) Phylogenetic relationships of agaric fungi based on nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences. Systematic Biology 49: 278–305.

Murrill, W.A. (1916) Agaricaceae (pars). North America Flora 9 (5): 318–344.

Perry, B.A. (2002) A taxonomic investigation of Mycena in California. M.S. Thesis, San Francisco State University, San Francisco.

Perry, B.A. & Desjardin, D.E. (1999) Mycena californiensis resurrected. Mycotaxon 71: 495–505.

Perry, B.A., Hansen, K. & Pfister, D.H. (2007) A phylogenetic overview of the family Pyronemataceae (Ascomycota, Pezizales). Mycological Research 111: 549–571.

Redhead, S.A. (1982) The application of Helotium to agarics. Part I. Nomenclature. Part II. Notes on selected species from Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 1998–2013.

Robich, G. (2003) Mycena d’Europa. Centro Studi Micologici, Associazione Micologica Bresadola, Trento.

Smith, A.H. (1947) North American species of Mycena. Univ. Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.

Smith, A.H, Smith, H.V. & Weber, N.S. (1979) How to Know the Gilled Mushrooms. Wm. C Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque.

Swofford, D.L. (2002) PAUP*. Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

White, T.J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis, M.A., Gelfand, D.H., Sninsky, J.J. & White, T.J. (Eds.) PCR Protocols: a guide to methods and applications. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 315–322.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand