Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.297.2.8

Cinchona anderssonii (Rubiaceae), a new overlooked species from Bolivia

CARLA MALDONADO, CLAES PERSSON, JOAQUINA ALBAN, ALEXANDRE ANTONELLI, NINA RØNSTED

Abstract


Cinchona anderssonii, a new species from the Yungas forests of the Andes in Bolivia, is described and illustrated. It is unique in Cinchona by having the combination of elliptic leaf blades glossy above, distinct circular pit domatia at secondary vein axils, basipetally dehiscent capsules, and relatively large seeds (8–11 mm long). A taxonomic key for the identification of the Cinchona species occurring in Bolivia is presented.


Keywords


Cinchona, New species, Bolivia, Eudicots

Full Text:

PDF/A (1MB)

References


Andersson, L. (1998) A Revision of the genus Cinchona (Rubiaceae-Cinchoneae). Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden 80: 1–75.

Andersson, L. & Antonelli, A. (2005) Phylogeny of the tribe Cinchoneae (Rubiaceae), its position in Cinchonoideae, and description of a new genus, Ciliosemina. Taxon 54: 17–28.

https://doi.org/10.2307/25065299

Antonelli, A., Nylander, J. A., Persson, C. & Sanmartín, I. (2009) Tracing the impact of the Andean uplift on Neotropical plant evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 9749–9754.

https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0811421106

Camp, W.H. (1949) Cinchona at high altitude in Ecuador. Brittonia 6: 394–430.

https://doi.org/10.2307/2804925

Candolle, A.P. de (1807) Mémoire sur le Cuviera, genre nouveau de la famille des Rubiacées. Annales du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle 9: 216–222.

Candolle, A.P. de (1829) Notice sur les différens genres et espèces dont les écores ont été confondues sous le nom de Quinquina. Bibliothèque Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts 41: 144–162.

Farooqi, A.A. & Sreeramu, B. (2010) Cultivation of medicinal and aromatic crops. India Universities Press. India, 656 pp.

Hodge, W.H. (1948) Wartime Cinchona procurement in Latin America. Economic Botany 2(3): 229–257.

https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02859067

IUCN (2012) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, 32 pp.

Jørgensen, P., Ulloa, C. & Maldonado, C. (2006) Riqueza de Plantas Vasculares. In: Moraes, R.M., Øllgaard, B., Kvist, L.P., Borchsenius, F. & Balslev, H. (Eds.) Botánica Económica de los Andes centrales. Ed. Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés. Bolivia, pp. 37–49.

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Cinchona. Species Plantarum vol. 1. Salvius. Stockholm, 172 pp.

Lindley, D.F. (1838) Flora Medica. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 422 pp.

Maldonado, C., Molina, C.I., Zizka, A., Persson, C., Taylor, C.M., Albán, J., Chilquillo, E., Rønsted, N. & Antonelli, A. (2015) Estimating species diversity and distribution in the era of Big Data: to what extent can we trust public databases? Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 973–984.

https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12326

Manns, U. & Bremer, B. (2010) Towards a better understanding of intertribal relationships and stable tribal delimitations within Cinchonoideae s.s. (Rubiaceae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 56: 21–39.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.002

Markham, C.R. (1862) Travels in Peru and India: while superintending the collection of chinchona plants and seeds in South America, and their introduction into India. J. Murray. London, 640 pp.

https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.24740

Martin, W.E. & Gandara, J. (1945) Alkaloid content of Ecuadorian and other American Cinchona barks. Botanical Gazette 107: 184–199.

https://doi.org/10.1086/335340

Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G. & Robles, P. (1997) Megadiversity: Earth’s biologically wealthiest nations. CEMEX, Mexico, D.F., 501 pp.

Myers, N., Mittermieier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., da Fonseca, A.B. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservations priorities. Nature 403: 853–858.

https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501

Ruiz, H. & Pavón, J. (1799) Flora Peruviana et Chilensis, vol. 2. Madrid: Typis Gabrielis de Sacha, pp. 51–52.

Taylor, C.M. (2014) Rubiaceae. In: Jørgensen, P., Nee, M. & Beck, S. (Eds.) Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: 855–878.

Taylor, C.M. (2015) Cinchoneae. Available from: http://www.tropicos.org (accessed December 2016)

Thiers, B. (2012) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih (accesed November 2016)

Vahl, M. (1790) Skrifter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet 1. Denmark, 228 pp.

Weddell, H. (1848) Revue du genre Cinchona. Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, série 3: 1–6.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand