Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.309.3.5

Delimitation of the series Laurifoliae in the genus Passiflora (Passifloraceae)

MAXIME ROME, GEO COPPENS D’EECKENBRUGGE

Abstract


Within the huge diversity of genus Passiflora, series Laurifoliae constitutes a strikingly uniform group, widely distributed in neotropical rain forests, at low to moderate elevations. Given its morphological and ecological unity, Killip mentionned it as an «exceedingly difficult» group. The lack of clear morphological criteria has not helped in delimiting it, and the confusion has grown with the addition of new species and criteria. As a preliminary step in the study of diversity within series Laurifoliae, we re-examine its morphological delimitation, assessing how its current 29 species (including the highly similar P. pachyantha and P. killipiana) conform to 20 criteria from different authors. Three criteria (indumentum on vegetative parts, stipule glands, membranous limen) appear to be irrelevant, because they are either too variable or rarely recorded in the species descriptions. Using the 17 remaining ones, 24 typical species show very limited variations, five of them differing by only one criterion. Among them, we retain terete to angular stem, setaceous or linear stipules soon deciduous, petiolar glands in one pair, leaves oblong, neither peltate nor lobate, three glandular bract over 1 cm long and free, flowers pendent, with two campanulate outer series of filaments (most other series much reduced or aborted). Five species, P. guazumaefolia, P. kikiana, P. odontophylla, P. ischnoclada, and P. maliformis, differ by three to nine traits, not found in the typical representatives of the series, so they can be excluded from it. Passiflora kikiana should be classified into series Kermesinae. For the four other ones, a satisfactory solution implies a more global study, involving other series.


Keywords


Violales, Malpighiales, Passifloraceae, Passiflora, Eudicots

Full Text:

PDF/A (1MB)

References


Annonay, H. & Feuillet, C. (1997) Passiflora cerasina, a new species of Passiflora subgenus Passiflora (Passifloraceae) from French Guiana. SIDA 17: 551–554.

Bernacci, L.C. (2001) Notas sobre Passiflora ischnoclada Harms (Passifloraceae). Acta Botanica Brasilica 15: 197–199.

Bonilla Morales, M.M., Aguirre-Morales, A.C. & Caetano, C.M. (2016) Passiflora metae, a new species of Passiflora series Laurifoliae (Passifloraceae) of the Andean piedmont in the Colombian Orinoquia. Phytotaxa 267: 129–136.

Cervi, A.C. (1997) Passifloraceae do Brasil: estudo do gênero Passiflora L. subgênero Passiflora. Fontqueria 45: 1–92.

Cervi, A.C. (2010) Passiflora kikiana, a new species of Passifloraceae from the Brazilian Amazon. Acta Botanica Brasilica 24: 1062–1064.

Cuatrecasas, J. (1960) Passiflora killipiana Cuatr. sp. nov. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 35: 17.

De Candolle, A.P. (1828) Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, tome 3. Sumptibus Sociorum Treuttel et Würtz, Paris, 328 pp.

De Souza, M.A.D. & Hopkins, M.J.G. (2011) Passiflora fissurosa, uma nova espécie de Passifloraceae para o Amazonas, Brasil. Acta Amazonica 41: 449–452.

Escobar, L.K. (1989) Two new species of Passifloraceae from South America. Phytologia 66: 80–82.

Feuillet, C. (2004) Passiflora phellos, a new species in subgenus Passiflora (Passifloraceae). Novon 14: 285–287.

Feuillet, C. (1986) Etudes sur la flore des Guyanes. 22. Deux Passifloraceae nouvelles et quelques espèces rares en Guyane française. Candollea 41: 173–178.

Feuillet, C. & Cremers, G. (1984) Studies on the flora of the Guiana. 6. Passifloraceae nouvelles ou méconnues de Guyane française. Botany, Proceedings Koninglijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen ser. C. 87: 377–386.

Glaziou, A.F.M. (1909) Liste des plantes du Brésil Central recueillies en 1861–1895. Fam. 62: Passifloracéees. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France, tome 56, Mémoires 3d: 313–316.

Harms, H. (1894) Plantae lehmannianae in Columbia et Ecuador collectae. Passifloraceae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 18: 9.

Harms, H. (1922) Neue Arten der Gattung Passiflora. In: Fedde, F. (Ed.) Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis 18. Selbstverlag des Herausgeber, Berlin, pp. 294–299.

Harms, H. (1929) Passifloraceae americanae novae. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 10: 812.

Hemsley, W. (1902) Passiflora ambigua, native of Nicaragua. Botanical Magazine 128: t. 7822.

Jussieu, A.L. (1805) Premier mémoire sur quelques nouvelles espèces du genre Passiflora, et sur la nécessité d’établir une famille des passifloracées. Annales du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle 6: 112, t. 39, f. 1.

Killip, E.P. (1922) Three new species of Passiflora from Venezuela and Ecuador. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 12: 332.

Killip, E.P. (1924) New species of Passiflora from tropical America. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 14: 112–113.

Killip, E.P. (1938) The American species of Passifloraceae, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, pp. 360–376.

Killip, E.P. (1939) Passiflora pachyantha. Lloydia 2: 198.

Krosnick, S.E., Porter-Utley, K.E., MacDougal, J.M., Jørgensen, P.M. & McDade, L.A. (2013) New insights into the evolution of Passiflora subgenus Decaloba (Passifloraceae): phylogenetic relationships and morphological synapomorphies. Systematic Botany 38: 692–713.

Kunth, K.S. (1817) Passiflora nitida. In: Humboldt, F.W.H.A., Bonpland, A.J.A. & Kunth, K.S. (Eds.) Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.), tome 2. Gide Filium, Bibliopolam, Paris, 130 pp.

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Passiflora laurifolia. In: Linné, C. & Salvius, L. (Eds.) Species Plantarum 2. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 956 pp.

MacDougal, J.M. & Feuillet, C. (2004) Systematics. In: Ulmer, T. & MacDougal, J.M. (Eds.) Passiflora: passionflowers of the world. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon and Cambridge, U.K., pp. 27–31.

Martius, K.F.P. (1872) Flora Brasiliensis 13. R. Oldenbourg, Munich & Leipzig, 599 pp, pl. 116.

Ocampo, J. & Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge, G. (2017) Morphological characterization in the genus Passiflora L.: an approach to understanding its complex variability. Plant Systematics and Evolution 303 (4): 521-558.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-017-1390-2.

Rusby, H.H. (1927) Description of new genera and species of plants collected on the Mulford biological exploration of the Amazon valley. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 7: 311.

Ulmer, T. & MacDougal, J.M. (2004) Passiflora: Passionflowers of the world. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon and Cambridge, U.K., 430 pp.

Rome, M. & Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge, G. (2016) Passiflora kapiriensis (Passifloraceae), a new species from French Guiana. Blumea 61: 8–12.

Vanderplank, J. & Laurens, C. (2006) Passiflora gabrielliana (Passifloraceae). Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 23: 237–242.

Vásquez, R. (1998) Las especies de Passiflora subgenera Granadilla series Laurifoliae (Passifloraceae) en Bolivia. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana Botánica 2 (1): 36–45.

Vásquez, R. & Delanoy, M. (2007) Passiflora venusta, a new species of Passiflora series Laurifoliae (Passifloraceae) from Bolivia. Novon 17: 120–124.

Yockteng, R., Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge, G. & Souza-Chies, T.T. (2011) Passiflora L. In: Kole, C. (Ed.) Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources. Tropical and subtropical fruits. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 129–171.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand