Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.332.2.1

A diatom voucher flora from selected southeast rivers (USA)

IAN W. BISHOP, RHEA M. ESPOSITO, MEREDITH TYREE, SARAH A. SPAULDING

Abstract


This flora is intended to serve as an image voucher for samples analyzed for the U.S. Geological Survey Southeast Stream Quality Assessment (SESQA). The SESQA study included measurement of watershed and water quality parameters to determine the factors that have the greatest potential to alter biotic condition. Algal samples were collected at 108 sites in 2014, from streams representing gradients in chemical and physical alteration across the southeast region. More than 375 taxa were identified during analysis for species composition and abundance. This manuscript documents the flora with light micrographs of specimens representative of their morphologic range. We define “voucher flora” as images of specimens and the names applied to those specimens for a given project. Taxonomic vouchers from federal programs have generally not been made public, yet they are a salient element of a well-documented species dataset, particularly for long-term studies. This study is part of a broader effort to improve and encourage taxonomic consistency in federal, state and local programs by accessible identification resources and inter-lab comparisons


Keywords


Algae, voucher specimens, voucher flora, taxonomic consistency, diatoms, rivers

Full Text:

PDF/A (14MB)

References


Agardh, C.A. (1824) Systema Algarum Adumbravit. C.A. Agardh, Lundae Literis Berlingianis, Lundae xxxvii, 312 pp.

Barbour, M.T., Gerritsen, J., Snyder, B.D. & Stribling, J.B. (1999) Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers: periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrates and fish, 2nd ed. EPA 841-B-99-002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, DC.

Battarbee, R. (1973) A new method for the estimation of absolute microfossil numbers, with reference especially to diatoms. Limnology and Oceanography 18: 647–653.

https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1973.18.4.0647

Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.M. & coll. (1822) Dictionnaire Classique d’Histoire Naturelle Paris. volume 2. Rey & Gravier, libraires-éditeurs; Baudouin Frères, libraires-éditeurs., 604 pp.

Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.M. & coll. (1824) Dictionnaire Classique d’Histoire Naturelle Paris. volume 5. Rey & Gravier, libraires-éditeurs; Baudouin Frères, libraires-éditeurs., 653 pp.

Brébisson, A. de. (1838) Considérations sur les Diatomées et essai d’une classification des genres et des espèces appartenant à cette famille. Brée l’Ainé Imprimeur-Libraire, Falaise, 22 pp.

Camburn, K.E., Lowe, R.L. & Stoneburner, D.L. (1978) The haptobenthic diatom flora of Long Branch Creek, South Carolina. Nova Hedwigia 30: 149–279.

https://doi.org/10.1127/nova.hedwigia/30/1979/149

Camburn, K.E., Kingston, J.C. & Charles, D.F. (1986) PIRLA Diatom Iconograph. PIRLA Unpublished Report Series, Report 3. Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Cleve, P.T. (1873) On diatoms from the Arctic Sea. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1 (13): 1–28, 4 pls.

Cleve, P.T. (1895) Synopsis of the naviculoid diatoms, part II. Kongliga Svenska-Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar 27 (3): 1–219, 4 pls.

Compère, P. (2001) Ulnaria (Kützing) Compère, a new genus name for Fragilaria subgen. Alterasynedra Lange-Bertalot with comments on the typification of Synedra Ehrenberg. In: Jahn, R., Kociolek, J.P., Witkowski, A. & Compère, P. (Eds.) Lange-Bertalot-Festschrift: Studies on Diatoms. Dedicated to Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Horst Lange-Bertalot on the occasion of his 65th Birthday. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag. K.G., pp. 97–102.

Davies, S.P. & Jackson, S.K. (2006) The biological condition gradient: a descriptive model for interpreting change in aquatic ecosystems. Ecological Applications 16 (4): 1251–1266.

https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[1251:TBCGAD]2.0.CO;2

De Toni, G.B. & Forti, A. (1900) Contributo alla conoscenza del plancton del Lago Vetter Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze Lettero ed Arti 59 (2): 537–568.

Desianti, N., Potapova, M. & Beals, J. (2015) Examination of the type materials of diatoms described by Hohn and Hellerman from the Atlantic Coast of the USA. Diatom Research 30: 93–116.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.2014.1000020

Dillard, G.E. (1967) The freshwater algae of South Carolina I. Previous work and recent additions. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 83: 157–184.

Ehrenberg, C.G. (1830) Organisation, Systematik und geographisches Verhältniss der Infusionsthierchen. Zwei verträge. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1822: 1–108.

Ehrenberg, C.G. (1832) Über die Entwicklung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere; nebst ferneren Beiträgen zu einer Vergleichung ihrer organischen Systeme. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1831: 1–154.

Ehrenberg, C.G. (1837) Über ein aus fossilen Infusorien bestehendes, 1832 zu Brod verbacknes Bergmehl von der Grenzen Lapplands in Schweden Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten. Verhandlungen der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1837: 43–45.

Ehrenberg, C.G. (1843) Mittheilungen über 2 neue asiatische Lager fossiler Infusorien-Erden aus dem russischen Trans-Kaukasien (Grusien) und Sibirien Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten. Verhandlungen der Königlich-Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1843: 43–49.

Ehrenberg, C.G. (1845) Neue Untersuchungen über das kleinste Leben als geologisches Moment Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten. Verhandlungen der Königlich-Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1845: 53–87.

Enache, M.D. & Potapova, M. (2009) A new species of Sellaphora (Sellaphoraceae) from Hannaberry Lake, Arkansas, USA. Acta Botanica Croatica 68 (2): 231–237.

Gillette, N.D., Pan, Y., Manoylov, K.M., Stancheva, R. & Weilhoefter, C.L. (2011) The potential indicator value of rare taxa richness in diatom-based stream assessment. Journal of Phycology 47: 471–482.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.00993.x

Grunow, A. (1860) Über neue oder ungenügend gekannte Algen. Erste Folge, Diatomeen, Familie Naviculaceen. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 10: 503–582, Tabs III–VII.

Hassall, A.H. (1845) A history of the British Freshwater Algae (including descriptions of the Diatomaceae and Desmidiaceae) with upwards of one hundred Plates. I. Text. Taylor, Walton, and Maberly, London, 462 pp.

Hassall, A.H. (1850) The Diatomaceae in the Water Supplied to the inhabitants of London and the suburban districts. A microscopic Examination of the water. London, 60 pp., 6 pls.

Hohn, M.H. (1961) The relationship between species diversity and population density in diatom populations from Silver Springs, Florida. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 80 (2): 140–165.

https://doi.org/10.2307/3223904

Hohn, M.H. & Hellerman, J. (1963) The taxonomy and structure of diatom populations from three eastern North American rivers using three sampling methods. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 82 (3): 250–329.

https://doi.org/10.2307/3223932

Houk, V. & Klee, R. (2004) The stelligeroid taxa of the genus Cyclotella (Kützing) Brébisson (Bacillariophyceae) and their transfer into the new genus Discostella gen. nov. Diatom Research 19 (2): 203–228.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.2004.9705871

Huber, J.T. (1998) The importance of voucher specimens, with practical guidelines for preserving specimens of the major invertebrate phyla for identification. Journal of Natural History 32 (3): 367–385.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939800770191

Hustedt, F. (1957) Die Diatomeenflora des Flußsystems der Weser im Gebiet der Hansestadt Bremen. Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 34 (3): 181–440, 1 pl.

Johansen, J., Kociolek, P. & Lowe, R. (2008) Spicaticribra kingstonii, gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Thalassiosirales, Bacillariophyta) from Great Smoky Mountains National Park, U.S.A. Diatom Research 23 (2): 367–375.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.2008.9705763

Journey, C.A., van Metre, P.C., Bell, A.H., Garrett, J.D., Button, D.T., Nakagaki, N., Qi, S.L. & Bradley, P.M. (2015) Design and methods of the Southeast Stream Quality Assessment (SESQA), 2014. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1095.

https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151095

Kahlert, M., Albert, R.L., Anttila, E.L., Bengtsson, R., Bigler, C., Eskola, T., Gälman, V., Gottschalk, S., Herlitz, E., Jarlman, A., Kasperoviciene, J., Kokociński, M., Luup, H., Miettinen, J., Paunksnyte, I., Piirsoo, K., Quintana, I., Raunio, J., Sandell, B., Simola, H., Sundberg, I., Vilbaste, S. & Weckström, J. (2009) Harmonization is more important than experience-results of the first Nordic-Baltic diatom intercalibration exercise 2007. Journal of Applied Phycology 21: 471–482.

ttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-008-9394-5

Kahlert, M., Kelly, M., Albert, R., Almeida, S.F.P., Besta, T., Blanco, S., Coste, M., Denys, L., Ector, L., Fránková, M., Hlúbliková, Ivanov, P., Kennedy, B., Marvan, P., Mertens, A., Miettinen, J., Picinska-Faltynowicz, J., Rosebery, J., Tornéa, E., Vilbaste, S. & Vogel, A. (2012) Identification versus counting protocols as sources of uncertainty in diatom-based ecological status assessments. Hydrobiologia 695: 109–124.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-012-1115-z

Kahlert, M., Ács, É., Almeida, S.F.P., Blanco, S., Dreßler, M., Ector, L., Karjalainen, S.M., Liess, A., Mertens, A., van der Wal, J., Vilbaste, S. & Werner, P. (2016) Quality assurance of diatom counts in Europe: towards harmonized datasets. Hydrobiologia 772: 1–14.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-016-2651-8

Kelly, M. (2013) Building capacity for ecological assessment using diatoms in UK rivers. Journal of Ecology and Environment 36: 89–94.

https://doi.org/10.5141/ecoenv.2013.011

Kociolek, J.P. & Kingston, J.C. (1999) Taxonomy, ultrastructure, and distribution of some gomphonemoid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae: Gomphonemataceae) from rivers in the United States. Canadian Journal of Botany 77: 686–705.

https://doi.org/10.1139/b99-007

Kützing, F.T. (1844) Die Kieselschaligen. Bacillarien oder Diatomeen. Zu finden bei W. Köhne, Nordhausen, 152 pp.

https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.64360

Lavoie, I., Hamilton, P.B., Campeau, S., Grenier, M. & Dillon, P.J. (2008) Guide d’identification des diatomées des rivières de l’Est du Canada. Québec, Presses de l’Université du Québec, 241 pp.

Lowe, R.L., Furey, P.C., Ress, J.A. & Johansen, J.R. (2007) Diatom biodiversity and distribution on wetwalls in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Southeast Naturalist 6: 135–152.

https://doi.org/10.1656/1528-7092(2007)6[135:DBADOW]2.0.CO;2

Lyngbye, H.C. (1819) Tentamen Hydrophytologiae Danicae Continens omnia Hydrophyta Cryptogama Daniae, Holsatiae, Faeroae, Islandiae, Groenlandiae hucusque cognita, Systematice Disposita, Descripta et iconibus illustrata, Adjectis Simul Speciebus Norvegicis. Fb&c Limited, Hafniae. 248 pp., 70 pls.

Manoylov, K.M. (2014) Taxonomic identification of algae (morphological and molecular): species concepts, methodologies, and their implications for ecological bioassessment. Journal of Phycology 50 (3): 409–424.

https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12183

Mereschkowsky, C. (1902) On Sellaphora, a new genus of diatoms. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 9: 185–195, pl. IV

Miller, M.P., Kennen, J.G., Mabe, J.A. & Mize, S.V. (2012) Temporal trends in algae, benthic invertebrate, and fish assemblages in streams and rivers draining basins of varying land use in the south-central United States, 1993–2007. Hydrobiologia 684: 15–33.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-011-0950-7

Moulton, S.R. II, Kennen, J.G. Goldstein, R.M. & Hambrook, J.A. (2002) Revised protocols for sampling algal, invertebrate, and fish communities as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02–150. Open-File Report 00–212.

Omernik, J.M. (1987) Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Map (scale 1:7,500,000). Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77 (1): 118–125.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1987.tb00149.x

Patrick, R., Cairns, J. Jr. & Roback, S. (1966) An ecosystematic study of the fauna and flora of the Savannah River. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 118 (5): 109–407.

Ponader, K. & Potapova, M. (2007) Diatoms from the genus Achnanthidium in flowing waters of the Appalachian Mountains (North America): Ecology, distribution and taxonomic notes. Limnologica - Ecology and Management of Inland Waters 37: 227–241.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.limno.2007.01.004

Potapova, M. (2014) Encyonema appalachianum (Bacillariophyta, Cymbellaceae), a new species from Western Pennsylvania, USA. Phytotaxa 184 (2): 115–120.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.184.2.4

Potapova, M. & Charles, D.F. (2004) Potential use of rare diatoms as environmental indicators in USA rivers. In: Poulin, M. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 17th International Diatom Symposium. Biopress Ltd., Bristol, UK, pp. 281–295.

Potapova, M. & Ponader, K.C. (2008) New species and combinations in the diatom genus Sellaphora (Sellaphoraceae) from southeastern United States. Harvard Papers in Botany 13: 171–181.

https://doi.org/10.3100/1043-4534(2008)13[171:NSACIT]2.0.CO;2

Ralfs, J. (1843) On the Diatomaceae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 12: 104–111, pl. 2.

Rowe, G.L., Belitz, K., Essaid, H.I., Gilliom, R.J., Hamilton, P.A., Hoos, A.B., Lynch, D.D., Munn, M.D. & Wolock, D.W. (2010) Design of Cycle 3 of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 2013-2022: Part 1: Framework of Water-Quality Issues and Potential Approaches (No. 2009-1296). U.S. Geological Survey.

Siver, P.A. & Hamilton, P.B. (2011) Diatoms of North America: The Freshwater Flora of Waterbodies on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. In: Lange-Bertalot, H. (Ed.) Iconographia Diatomologica, vol. 22. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag, Ruggell, Liechtenstein, 916 pp.

Spaulding, S.A. Lubinski, D.J. & Potapova, M. (2010) Diatoms of the United States. Available from: http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu (accessed 4 April 2016)

Thomas, E.W., Kociolek, J.P., Lowe, R.L. & Johansen, J.R. (2009) Taxonomy, ultrastructure and distribution of gomphonemoid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from Great Smoky Mountains National Park (U.S.A.). Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 135: 201–237.

Thwaites, G.H.K. (1848) Further observations on the Diatomaceae with descriptions of new genera and species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 2 1: 161–172, pls XI, XII.

Trevisan di San Leon, V.B.A. (1848) Saggio di una monografia delle alghe cocotalle. Padova, 112 pp.

Wallich, G.C. (1858) On Triceratium and some allied forms (Hydrosera). Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 6: 242–253, pls. 12–13.

Williams, D.M. & Round, F.E. (1986) Revision of the genus Synedra Ehrenb. Diatom Research 1 (2): 313–339.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.1986.9704976

Williams, D.M. & Round, F.E. (1987) Revision of the genus Fragilaria. Diatom Research 2 (2): 267–288.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.1987.9705004

Williams, D.M. & Round, F.E. (1988) Fragilariforma, nom. nov., a new generic name for Neofragilaria Williams Round. Diatom Research 3 (2): 265–267.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.1988.9705039


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand