Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.343.2.4

Diplazium yinchanianum (Athyriaceae): A New Fern from the Border between China and Vietnam

ZI-YUE LIU, HONG-JIN WEI, HUI SHANG, RAN WEI, YING WANG, BAO-DONG LIU, YUE-HONG YAN

Abstract


Diplazium yinchanianum, a new species of Athyriaceae from the Shiwandashan mountains in Guangxi, China, is described and illustrated. This species is morphologically most similar to D. yaoshanense with both having a long creeping rhizome and 1-pinnate laminae with an abruptly reduced apex, but differs from the latter by having oblong laminae with an apical pinna. Molecular phylogenetic analysis based on the plastid matK, rbcL, and trnL-F sequences indicated that the two species are distantly related.


Keywords


Diplazium, morphology, new species, phylogenetics, taxonomy, Pteridophytes

Full Text:

PDF/A (3MB)

References


Chang, Y., Wang, Q.-X. & Liu, B.-D. (2001) Studies on the Spore Morphology of Allantodia From China. Journal of Shanghai Teachers University (Natural Sciences) 30 (3): 56–62.

Christensen, C. (1906) Index Filicum. Copenhagen, H. Hagerup. 236 pp.

Christ, K.H.-H. (1905) Filices Cadierianae. Journal de Botanique (Morot) 19 (3): 67–68.

Chu, W.-M. (1981) Taxa nova Pteridophytorum Yunnanicorum II. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 3: 335–336.

Chu, W.-M. & He, Z.-R. (1999) Monomelangium Hayata, Allantodia R. Br., Callipteris Bory, Diplazium Sw. In: Chu, W.-M. (Ed.), Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, Vol. 3 (2). Science Press, Beijing, pp. 346–347, 365, 475–476, 485–486.

Chu, W.-M. & He, Z.-R. (1999) Allantodia R. Br., In: Chu, W.-M. (Ed.), Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, Vol. 3 (2). Science Press, Beijing, pp. 412–418.

Fay, M.-F., Swensen, S.-M. & Chase, M.-W. (1997) Taxonomic affinities of Medusagyne oppositifolia (Medusagynaceae). Kew Bull 52: 111–120.

https://doi.org/10.2307/4117844

Felsenstein, J. (1985) Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783–791.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1985.tb00420.x

Hall, T.A. (1999) BioEdit: A user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41: 95–98.

Hasebe, M., Omori, T., Nakazawa, M., Sao, T., Kato, M. & Iwatsuki, K. (1994) RbcL gene sequences provide evidence for the evolutionary lineages of leptosporangiate ferns. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 91: 5730–5734.

https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.91.12.5730

He, Z.-R. & Kato, M. (2013) Diplazium. In: Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (Eds.) Flora of China, Vol. 2–3. Science Press, Beijing, Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, pp. 499–500.

He, Z.-R. & Kato, M. (2013) Diplazium. In: Wu Z. Y., Raven P. H. & Hong D. Y. (Eds.) Flora of China, Vol. 2–3. Science Press, Beijing, Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, pp. 513.

He, Z.-R. & Kato, M. (2013) Diplazium. In: Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (Eds.) Flora of China, Vol. 2–3. Science Press, Beijing, Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, pp. 517–519.

Koidzumi, G. (1930) Florae Symbolae Orientali-Asiaticae: Sive, Contributions to the Knowledge of the Flora of Eastern Asia. Kyoto Imperial University, Kyoto. 40 pp.

Kunze, G. (1848) Pteridographia Japnoica, Botanische Zeitung 6: 537–538.

Kuo, L.-Y., Li, F.-W., Chiou, W.-L. & Wang, C.-N. (2011) First insights into fern matK phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (3): 556–566.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.010

Li, F.-W., Kuo, L.-Y., Rothfels, C.-J., Ebihara, A., Chiou, W.-L., Windham, M.-D. & Pryer, K.-M. (2011) rbcL and matK earn two thumbs up as the core DNA barcode for ferns. PLoS One 6: e26597.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026597

Linnaeus, C.-V. (1753) Cryptogamia Filices, Caroli Linnaei Species plantarum. Tomus II. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, 1090 pp.

Little, D.-P. & Barrington, D.-S. (2003) Major evolutionary events in the origin and diversification of the fern genus Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae). American Journal of Botany 90: 508–514.

https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.90.3.508

Miquel, F.-A.-W. (1867) Asplenium Linn. Annales Musei Botanici Lugduno-Batavi, Tom. III. 6: 175.

Nylander, J. (2004) MrModeltest, version 2. Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Available from: https://www.abc.se/~nylander/ (accessed 1 June 2014)

Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J.-P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19: 1572–1574.

https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg180

Roth, A.-W. (1800) Miscellanea, Athyrium. Tentamen Florae Germanicae 3 (1): 65–67.

Stamatakis, A., Hoover, P. & Rougemont, J. (2008) A rapid bootstrap algorithm for the RAxML web servers. Systematic biology 57: 758–771.

https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150802429642

Swartz, O. (1801) Genera et species filicum ordine systematico redactarum. Journal für die Botanik. H. A. Schrader, Göttingen 1800 (2): 1–120.

Tardieu, M.-L. (1934) Nouvelle contribution a l’étude des Aspleniées D’ Indochine II. Diplazium. Bulletin du Muséum D’ Histoire Naturelle, sér. 2 6: 112–118.

Taberlet P, Gielly L, Pautou G, & Bouvet, J. (1991) Universal primers for amplification of three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA. Plant Molecular Biology 17 (5): 1105–1109.

https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00037152

The Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group. (2016) A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 54: 563–603.

https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12229

Tryon, A.-F. & Lugardon, B. (1991) Spores of the Pteridophyta. New York: Springer.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-8991-0

Tryon, R.-M. & Tryon, A.-F. (1982) Ferns and allied plants with special reference to tropical America. New York: Springer.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-8162-4.

Wang, M.-L., Chen, Z.-D., Zhang, X.-C., Lu, S.-Q. & Zhao, G.-F. (2003) Phylogeny of the Athyriaceae: evidence from chloroplast trnL-F region sequences. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 41: 416–426.

Wang, Z.-R., He, Z.-R. & Kato, M. (2013) Athyriaceae. In: Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (Eds.) Flora of China, Vol. 2–3. Science Press, Beijing, Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, pp. 418–534.

Wei, R., Schneider, H. & Zhang, X.-C. (2013) Toward a new circumscription of the twinsorus-fern genus Diplazium (Athyriaceae): A molecular phylogeny with morphological implications and infrageneric taxonomy. Taxon 62: 441–457.

https://doi.org/10.12705/623.8

Wolf, P.-G., Sipes, S.-D., White, M.-R., Martines, M.-L., Pryer, K.-M., Smith, A.-R. & Ueda, K. (1999) Phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic fern families Hymenophyllopsidaceae and Lophosoriaceae: Evidence from rbcL nucleotide sequences. Plant Systematics and Evolution 219 (3–4): 263–270.

https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00985583

Wu, Z.-H. & Ching, R.-C. (1991) Fern families and genera of China. Science Press, Beijing, pp. 304–305.

Wu, Y.-C., Wong, K.-K. & Pong, S.-M. (1932) Polypodiaceae Yaoshanensis, Kwangsi. Bulletin of the Department of Biology College of Science, Sunyatsen University 3: 1–372.

Zhao, L., Guo, F., Fan, W.-M., Li, C.-W., Qin, X.-F. & Li, H.-X. (2010) Crustal evolution of the Shiwandashan area in South China: Zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopic records from granulite enclaves in Indo-Sinian granites. Chinese Science Bulletin 55: 2028–2038.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-010-3225-1

Zurawski, G., Clegg, M.-T., Brown, A.-H.-D. (1984) The nature of nucleotide sequence divergence between barley and maize chloroplast DNA. Genetics 106: 735–749.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand