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Typification of the name Iris sanguinea (Iridaceae)



The genus Iris Linnaeus (1753: 38), when considered in a wide sense (Mathew 1989, Goldblatt et al. 2008), was established with a total of eighteen species. Presently, it comprises approximately 225 species (Goldblatt et al. 1998), distributed mostly in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.


Monocots, Asparagales, Iridaceae

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Diels, L. (1930) Iridaceae. In: Engler, A. & Prantl, K. (Eds.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 15a. W. Engelmann, Leipzig, pp. 463–505.

Donn, J. (1811) Hortus Cantabrigiensis; or a catalogue of plants, indigenous and foreign, cultivated in the Walkerian botanic garden, Cambridge, ed. 6. W. Metcalfe, Cambridge, 292 pp.

Doronkin, V.M. (2012) Iridaceae Juss. In: Baikov, K.S. (Ed.) Konspekt flory Aziatskoi Rossii: sosudistye rasteniya (Synopsis of flora of Asian Russia: vascular plants). Sibirskoye otdeleniye Rossiyskoy Akademii nauk, Novosibirsk, pp. 456–459. [in Russian]

Goldblatt, P., Manning, J.C. & Rudall, P. (1998) Iridaceae. In: Kubitzki, K. (Ed.) The families and genera of vascular plants 3. Springer, Berlin & Heidelberg, pp. 295–333.

Goldblatt, P., Rodriguez, A., Powell, M.P., Davies, T.J., Manning, J.C., Van der Bank, M. & Savolainen, V. (2008) Iridaceae ‘Out of Australia’? Phylogeny, biogeography, and divergence time based on plastid DNA sequences. Systematic Botany 33: 495–508.

Crespo, M.B., Martínez-Azorín, M. & Mavrodiev, E.V. (2015) Can a rainbow consist of a single colour? A new comprehensive generic arrangement of the ‘Iris sensu latissimo’ clade (Iridaceae), congruent with morphology and molecular data. Phytotaxa 232: 1–78.

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Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum 1. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 560 pp.

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Mathew, B. (1989) The Iris, ed. 2. Timber Press, Portland, 215 pp.

McNeill, J., Barrie, F.R., Buck, W.R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud’homme van Reine, W.F., Smith, G.F., Wiersema, J.H. & Turland, N.J. (Eds.) (2012) International code of nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. [Regnum Vegetabile 154]. Koeltz, Königstein, 208 pp.

Pavlova, N.S. (1987) Iridaceae Juss. In: Kharkevich, S.S. (Ed.) Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka [Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East] 2. Nauka, Leningrad, pp. 414–426. [in Russian]

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Rodionenko, G.I. (2007) On the independence of the genus Limniris (Iridaceae). Botanicheskii Zhurnal 92: 547–554. [in Russian]

Tausch, I.F. (1823) Hortus Canalius seu plantarum rariorum quae in horto botanico illustrissimi, ac excellentissimi Josephi Malabaila comitis de Canal coluntur, icones et descriptiones 1. T. Haase, Pragae, without pagination.

Thiers, B. (2018 continuously updated) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: (accessed 20 February 2018)


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