Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.351.4.4

Typification and an emended description of Musa splendida (Musaceae)

NGỌC-SÂM LÝ, PORTER P. LOWRY II, THOMAS HAEVERMANS

Abstract


The type material of the Vietnamese wild banana Musa splendida (Musaceae), long thought to have been lost, was recently discovered in the Paris herbarium and here designated as a lectotype. Given its poor quality, an epitype is designated for adequate application of this name. An emended description of M. splendida is provided, with information on several morphological characters not indicated in the protologue, including its oblong-elliptic to oblong-lanceolate leaves 152–220 × 45–69 cm, erect inflorescences, ovoid-lanceolate female buds 24–28.5 × 13.7–14 cm, ovoid to ovoid-lanceolate male buds 9–22.5 × 8–13.5 cm, and bell- or mushroom-shaped seeds 5.5–7 × 6.5–9 mm. A color plate, along with information on habitat and ecology, distribution, and uses of this species, are also given.


Keywords


Musa, nomenclature, section Callimusa, typification, Vietnam, Monocots

Full Text:

PDF/A (2MB)

References


Argent, G.C.G. (1976) The wild bananas of Papua New Guinea. Notes from the Royal Botanical Garden Edinburgh 35: 77–114.

Baker, J.G. (1893) A synopsis of the genera and species of Musaceae. Annals of Botany 7: 189–222.

https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/os-7.2.189

Champion, J. (1967) Les bananiers et leur culture. IFAC, Paris, 214 pp.

Cheesman, E.E. (1947 [publ. 1948]) Classification of the Bananas II: The genus Musa L. Kew Bulletin 2: 106–117.

https://doi.org/10.2307/4109207

Cheesman, E.E. (1949) Classification of the Bananas: Critical notes on species. Kew Bulletin 3: 265–267.

https://doi.org/10.2307/4109188

Chevalier, A. (1934) Observations sur quelques bananiers sauvages et cultivés. Revue de Botanique Appliquée et d’Agriculture Tropicale 14: 506–524.

https://doi.org/10.3406/jatba.1934.5394

Christelová, P., Valárik, M., Hřibova, E., de Langhe, E. & Doležel, J. (2011) A multi-gene sequence-based phylogeny of the Musaceae (banana) family. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 103.

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-103

Franchet, A.R. (1889) Un nouveau type de Musa lasiocarpa. Journal de Botanique (Morot) 3 (20): 329–331.

Häkkinen, M. (2013) Reappraisal of sectional taxonomy in Musa (Musaceae). Taxon 62: 809–813.

https://doi.org/10.12705/624.3

Häkkinen, M. & Väre, H. (2008) Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia, sér. 3 30: 63–112.

https://doi.org/10.5252/a2011n2a3

Horaninow, P. (1862) Prodromus Monographiae Scitaminearum. Academiae Caesareae Scientiarum. Typis Academiae Caesareae Scientiarum, Petropoli, 45 pp.

https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44562

Hooker, J.D. (1872) Plants of the royal gardens of Kew and of other botanical establishments in Great Britain - with suitable descriptions. Botanical Magazine 98: Tab. 5975.

IPGRI-INIBAP/CIRAD (1996) Description for bananas (Musa spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy/International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, Montpellier, France/Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Montpellier, France, 55 pp.

Li, H.W. (1978) The Musaceae of Yunnan. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 16 (3): 54–64.

Li, L.F., Häkkinen, M., Yuan, Y.M., Hao, G. & Ge, X.J. (2010) Molecular systematics and phylogeny of the banana family (Musaceae) inferred from multiple nuclear and chloroplast DNA fragments, with a special reference to the genus Musa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 1–10.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.06.021

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum, vol. 2. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 1043 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bh.title.669

Liu, A.Z, Li, D.Z. & Li, X.W. (2002) Taxonomic notes on wild bananas (Musa) from China. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 43: 77–81.

Lý, N.S., Lê, C.K., Triệu, T.D., Haevermans, A., Lowry II, P.P. & Haevermans, T. (2012) A distinctive new species of wild banana (Musa, Musaceae) from northern Vietnam. Phytotaxa 75: 33–42.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.75.1.3

McNeill, J., Barrie, F.R., Buck, W.R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud’homme Van Reine, W.F., Smith, G.F., Wiersema, J.H. & Turland, N.J. (2012) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. (Melbourne Code). Adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. [Regnum Vegetable, 154.] A.R.G. Gantner Verlag, Ruggell, Liechtenstein, 240 pp.

Kurz, S. (1867) Notes on the plantains of the Indian Archipelago. Journal of the Agricultural and Horticultural Society India 14: 295–301.

Simmonds, N.W. (1960) Notes on banana taxonomy. Kew Bulletin 2: 198–212.

https://doi.org/10.2307/4114778

Simmonds, N.W. (1962) The evolution of the bananas. Butler and Tanner Ltd., London, 170 pp.

Stafleu, F.A. & Cowan, R.S. (1976) Taxonomic Literature 1. A-G. Ed. 2. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht, pp 493–494.

https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.48631

Thiers, B. (2016) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Avalaible from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/(accessed 20 December 2017)

Valmayor, R.V., Danh, L.D. & Häkkinen, M. (2004) Rediscovery of Musa splendida A. Chevalier and description of two new species, Musa viridis and Musa lutea. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 87: 110–118.

Wu, D. & Kress, W.J. (2000) Musaceae. In: Wu, C.Y. & Raven, P.H. (Eds.) Flora of China, vol. 24. Science Press, Beijing, pp. 297–313.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand