Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.371.2.1

Sellaphora balashovae (Bacillariophyta), a new species from Siberian mountain Lake Frolikha (Baikal region), Russia

SVETLANA ANDREEVA, JOHN P. KOCIOLEK, EVGENIY MALTSEV, NADEZHDA DOROFEYUK, ELENA KEZLYA, NATALIA SHKURINA, IRINA KUZNETSOVA, EVGENIY GUSEV, MAXIM KULIKOVSKIY

Abstract


A new species, Sellaphora balashovae sp. nov., from Lake Frolikha is described based on light (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The systematic position of this new species is determined based on molecular data. This species is placed in the genus Sellaphora based on chloroplast morphology, areolae covered by external hymenes, and uniseriate striae that are typical for the genus. Molecular data support this taxonomic assignment, and the new species is part of a monophyletic group with some other members of the genus Sellaphora. The new species is distinguishable from other Sellaphora species by its small size, valve shape, striae and areolae densities, striae orientation and distinctly large areolae bordering the sternum.


Keywords


Baikal region, diatoms, morphology, phylogeny, Sellaphoraceae, Algae

Full Text:

PDF/A (2MB)

References


Alverson, A.J., Jansen, R.K. & Theriot, E.C. (2007) Bridging the Rubicon: Phylogenetic analysis reveals repeated colonization’s of marine and fresh waters by thalassiosiroid diatoms. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45:193–210.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2007.03.024

Cleve, P.T. & Grunow, A. (1880) Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Arctischen Diatomeen. Kongliga Svenska-Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar 17 (2): 1–121.

Cleve, P.T. & Möller, J.D. (1882) Diatoms. Part VI, Esatas Edquists Boktryckeri, Upsala, 48 pp. [pp. 277–324]

Enache, M.D. & Potapova, M. (2009) A new species of Sellaphora (Sellaphoraceae) from Hannaberry Lake, Arkansas, U.S.A. Acta Botanica Croatica 68: 231–237.

Evans, K.M., Wortley, A.H. & Mann, D.G. (2007) An assessment of potential diatom “barcode” genes (cox1, rbcL, 18S and ITS rDNA) and their effectiveness in determining relationships in Sellaphora (Bacillariophyta). Protist 158: 349–364.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protis.2007.04.001

Evans, K.M., Wortley, A.H., Simpson, G.E., Chepurnov, V.A. & Mann, D.G. (2008) A molecular systematic approach to explore diversity within the Sellaphora pupula species complex (Bacillariophyta). Journal of Phycology 44: 215–231.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2007.00454.x

Guillard, R.R.L., Carpenter, E.J. & Reimann, B.E.F. (1974) Skeletonema menzelii sp. nov., a new diatom from the western Atlantic Ocean. Phycologia 13 (2):131–138.

https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-13-2-131.1

Guillard, R.R.L. & Lorenzen, C.J. (1972) Yellow-green algae with chlorophyllide c. Journal of Phycology 8: 10–14.

Guindon, S., Dufayard, J.F., Lefort, V., Anisimova, M., Hordijk, W. & Gascuel, O. (2010) New algorithms and methods to estimate Maximum-Likelihood phylogenies: assessing the performance of PhyML 3.0. Systematic Biology 59 (3): 307–321.

https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syq010

Gusev, E.S. & Kulikovskiy, M.S. (2013) A new species of the genus Mallomonas (Chrysophyceae: Synurales), Mallomonas kuzminii sp. nov., from lake Frolikha (Russia, Baikal region). Phytotaxa 155 (1): 66–70.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.155.1.6

Hall, T.A. (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41: 95–98.

Katoh, K. & Toh, H. (2010) Parallelization of the MAFFT multiple sequence alignment program. Bioinformatics 26: 1899–1900.

https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btq224

Kociolek, J.P., Balasubramanian, K., Blanco, S., Coste, M., Ector, L., Liu, Y.. Kulikovskiy, M., Lundholm, N., Ludwig, T., Potapova, M., Rimet, F., Sabbe, K., Sala, S., Sar, E., Taylor, J., Van de Vijver, B., Wetzel, C.E., Williams, D.M., Witkowski, A. & Witkowski, J. (2017) DiatomBase. Available from: http://diatombase.org/ (accessed 12 November 2017)

Kociolek, J.P., Hamsher, S.E., Kulikovskiy, M. & Bramberger, A.S. (2017) Are there species flocks in freshwater diatoms? A review of past reports and a look to the future. Hydrobiologia 792: 17–35.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-016-3075-1

Kociolek, J.P., Kulikovskiy, M., Kuznetsova, I., Glushchenko, A.M., Solak, C.N. (2018) A putative species flock in the diatom genus Gomphonema Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyta: Gomphonemataceae) from Lake Baikal, Russia: description of six new species similar to G. ventricosum W. Gregory. Cryptogamie, Algologie 39 (3): 365–388.

https://doi.org/10.7872/crya/v39.iss3.2018.365

Kociolek, J.P., Kulikovskiy, M.S. & Solak, C.N. (2013) The diatom genus Gomphoneis Cleve (Bacillariophyceae) from Lake Baikal, Russia. Phytotaxa 154 (1): 1–37.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.154.1.1

Kozhov, M.M. (1950) Fresh waters of East Siberia. Irkutskoe oblastnoye izdatelstvo, Irkutsk, 367 pp.

Kulikovskiy, M., Glushchenko, A., Kuznetsova, I. & Kociolek, J.P. (2018) Description of the new freshwater diatom genus Okhapkinia gen. nov. from Laos (Southeast Asia), with notes on family Sellaphoraceae Mereschkowsky 1902. Fottea 1: 120–129.

https://doi.org/10.5507/fot.2017.021

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Gusev, E.S., Andreeva, S.A. & Annenkova, N.V. (2014a) Phylogenetic position of the diatom genus Geissleria Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin and description of two new species from Siberian mountain lakes. Phytotaxa 177 (5): 249–260.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.177.5.1

Kulikovskiy, M.S. & Kociolek, J.P. (2014) The diatom genus Gomphonema Ehrenberg in Lake Baikal. I. Morphology and taxonomic history of two endemic species. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 143: 507–518.

https://doi.org/10.1127/1438-9134/2014/027

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Kociolek, J.P., Solak, C.N. & Kuznetsova, I.V. (2015a) The diatom genus Gomphonema Ehrenberg in Lake Baikal. II. Revision of taxa from Gomphonema acuminatum and Gomphonema truncatum-capitatum complexes. Phytotaxa 233 (3): 251–272.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.233.3.3

Kulikovskiy, M.S. & Kuznetsova, I.V. (2014) Biogeography of Bacillariophyta. Main concepts and approaches. International Journal on Algae 16 (3): 207–228.

https://doi.org/10.1615/InterJAlgae.v16.i3.10

Kulikovskiy, M.S. & Kuznetsova, I.V. (2016) Morphology, taxonomical position, and distribution of the genera of diatoms Ochigma and Khursevichia from Lake Baikal. Inland Water Biology 9 (3): 226–233.

https://doi.org/10.1134/S1995082916030147

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Annenkova, N.V., Gusev, E.S. & Kociolek, J.P. (2016a) Morphological and molecular evidence support description of two new diatom species from the genus Ulnaria in Lake Baikal. Fottea 16: 34–42.

https://doi.org/10.5507/fot.2015.011

Kulikovskiy, M.S, Lange-Bertalot, H. & Kuznetsova, I.V. (2016b) Cocconeis nanoburyatica sp. nov.—a new monoraphid diatom species from Lake Baikal. Inland Water Biology 9 (2): 112–115.

https://doi.org/10.1134/S1995082916020103

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Kuznetsova, I.V. & Khursevich, G.K. (2015b) Three new species of Eolimna Lange-Bertalot & Schiller (Bacillariophyta) from Lake Baikal. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 144: 199–209.

https://doi.org/10.1127/nova_supp1/2015/0040

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Metzeltin, D. & Witkowski, A. (2012a) Lake Baikal: hotspot of endemic diatoms I. Iconographia Diatomologica 23: 1–608.

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H. & Witkowski, A. (2013) Gliwiczia gen. nov., a new achananthoid diatom genus with description of four species new for science. Phytotaxa 109 (1): 1–16.

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.109.1.1

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Witkowski, A. & Khursevich, G.K. (2011) Achnanthidium sibiricum (Bacillariophyta), a new species from bottom sediments in Lake Baikal. Algological Studies 136/137: 77–87.

https://doi.org/10.1127/1864-1318/2011/0136-0077

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Witkowski, A., Khursevich, G.K. & Kociolek, J.P. (2015c) Description of Eunotia species (Bacillariophyta) new to science from Lake Baikal with comments on morphology and biogeography of the genus. Phycologia 54 (3): 248–260.

https://doi.org/10.2216/14-98.1

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Witkowski, A., Khursevich, G.K. & Kuznetsova, I.V. (2015d) Typification of diatoms from Lake Baikal. I. Some species described by A.P. Skabitschewsky. Nova Hedwigia 100 (1–2): 215–223.

https://doi.org/10.1127/nova_hedwigia/2014/0214

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Lange-Bertalot, H., Witkowski, A. & Kuznetsova, I.V. (2014b) Description of four species belonging in Cavinula D.G. Mann & Stickle from Lake Baikal with notes on family Cavinulaceae D.G. Mann in Round et al. 1990. Nova Hedwigia 99 (3–4): 487–499.

https://doi.org/10.1127/0029-5035/2014/0196

Kulikovskiy, M.S., Witkowski, A. & Khursevich, G.K. (2012b) Encyonema horstii sp. nov., a species of unusual valve outline from Pleistocene deposits of Lake Baikal. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 141: 365–374.

Kuzmina, A.E., Ignatova, N.V. & Mizandronzev, I.B. (2004) Species composition, ecological and geographical characteristics of the diatoms from Lake Frolikha. Proceedings of the international symposium “Living cells of the diatoms” (Irkutsk) 1: 55.

Lange-Bertalot, H., Cavacini, P., Tagliaventi, N. & Alfinito, S. (2003) Diatoms of Sardinia. Rare and 76 new species in rock pools and other ephemeral waters. Iconographia Diatomologica 12: 1–438.

Lange-Bertalot, H., Külbst, K., Lauser, T., Nörpel-Schempp, M. & Willmann, M. (1996) Diatom Taxa introduced by Georg Krasske Documentation and Revision. Iconographia Diatomologica 3: 1–358.

Lange-Bertalot, H. & Moser, G. (1994) Brachysira. Monographie der Gattung. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 29: 1–212.

Levkov, Z., Krstić, S., Metzeltin, D. & Nakov, T. (2007) Diatoms of lakes Prespa and Ohrid. About 500 taxa from ancient lake system. Iconographia Diatomologica 16: 1–611.

Mann, D.G. (1989) The Diatom genus Sellaphora: separation from Navicula. British Phycological Journal 24 (1): 1–20.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00071618900650011

Mann, D.G., Thomas, S.J. & Evans, K.M. (2008) Revision of the diatom genus Sellaphora: a first account of the larger species in the British Isles. Fottea 8 (1): 15–78.

https://doi.org/10.5507/fot.2008.002

Mann, D.G., Evans, K.M., Chepurnov, V.A. & Nagai, S. (2009) Morphology and formal description of Sellaphora bisexualis sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta). Fottea 9: 199–209.

https://doi.org/10.5507/fot.2009.021

Mann, D.G., McDonald, S.M., Bayer, M.M., Droop, S.J.M., Chepurnov, V.A., Loke, R.E., Ciobanu, A. & du Buf, J.M.H. (2004) Morphometric analysis, ultrastructure and mating data provide evidence for five new species of Sellaphora (Bacillariophyceae). Phycologia 43: 459–482.

https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-43-4-459.1

Mereschkowsky, C. (1902) On Sellaphora, a new genus of diatoms. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 7–9: 185–195.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930208678565

Moser, G., Lange-Bertalot, H. & Metzeltin, D. (1998) Insel der Endemiten Geobotanisches Phänomen Neukaledonien (Island of endemics New Caledonia—a geobotanical phenomenon). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 38: 1–464.

Podzorski, A.C. (1984) Caponea caribbea Podorski, a structurally unique new diatom from Jamaica. Nova Hedwigia 40: 1–8.

Posada, D. (2006) Modeltest Server: a web-based tool for the statistical selection of models of nucleotide substitution online. Nucleic Acids Research 34: 700–703.

https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl042

Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19: 1572–1574.

https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg180

Round, F.E., Crawford, R.M. & Mann, D.G. (1990) The diatoms. Biology and morphology of the genera. Cambridge University Press, 747 pp.

Ruck, E.C. & Theriot, E.C. (2011) Origin and evolution of the canal raphe system in diatoms. Protist 162: 723–737.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protis.2011.02.003

Schiller, W. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1997) Eolimna martinii n. gen., n. sp. (Bacillariophyceae) aus dem Unter-Oligozan von Sieblos/Rhon im Vergleich mit ahnlichen rezenten Taxa. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 71 (3): 163–172.

https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02988485

Skabitschevsky, A.P. (1953) Phytoplankton and diatoms of Lake Frolikha (Transbaikalia). Proceedings of the Irkutsk State University. Biological Series 1: 145–152.

Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. & Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725–2729.

https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Timoshkin, O.A. (2001) Lake Baikal: diversity of fauna, problems of its immiscibility and origin, ecology and “exotic” communities. – Index of animal species inhabiting Lake Baikal and its catchment area. Lake Baikal 1 (1): 16–73.

Van de Vijver, B., Frenot, Y. & Beyens, L. (2002) Freshwater diatoms from Ile de la Possession (Crozet archipelago, subantarctica). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 46: 1–412.

Voigt, M. (1960) Some New Diatoms from the Far East. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society 78: 92–94.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1958.tb02048.x

Werum, M. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (2004) Diatoms in springs from Central Europe and elsewhere under the influence of hydrologeology and anthropogenic impacts. Iconographia Diatomologica 13: 3–417.

Wetzel, C.E., Ector, L., Van de Vijver, B., Compère, P. & Mann, D.G. (2015) Morphology, typification and critical analysis of some ecologically important small naviculoid species (Bacillariophyta). Fottea 15 (2): 203–234.

https://doi.org/10.5507/fot.2015.020

Zimmermann, J., Jahn, R. & Gemeinholzer, B. (2011) Barcoding diatoms: evaluation of the V4 subregion on the 18S rRNA gene, including new primers and protocols. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 11: 173–192.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-011-0050-6


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand