Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Nepeta azadkouhensis (Lamiaceae), a new alpine-subnival species from the Central Alborz of Iran



Nepeta azadkouhensis (Lamiaceae), a new species from Mazandaran province in northern Iran is described and illustrated. This taxon is similar to N. natanzensis and N. monocephala with terminal capitate inflorescences, tubular and curved corolla tubes as well as tubular calyces glabrous inside. It differs from N. natanzensis in corollas pink-purple, bracts and bracteoles smaller, as well as calyx with shorter teeth and a regular throat. It differs from N. monocephala in tall stems, procumbent to ascending and leaves arranged all along the stem. The new species is found in the alpine-subnival zone on scree at an elevation of 3700 to 3800 m.


Alborz Mountain, Azadkouh Summit, Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Eudicots

Full Text:



Bentham, G. (1848) Labiatae. In: Candolle, A. (Ed.) Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, vol. 12. Treuttel and Wurtz, Paris, pp. 27-603.

Boissier, P.E. (1846) Pyrethrum persicum. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium novarum Ser. 1, 6: 89.

Fedorov, A.A. (1939) Wild high-mountain peas of Caucasus. Transactions of the Biological Institute of the Armenian Branch of USSR Academy of Sciences 1: 39–79 [in Russian]

Harley, R.M., Atkins, S., Budantsev, A.L., Cantino, P.D., Conn, B.J., Grayer, R., Harley, M.M., De Kok, R., Krestovskaja, T., Morales, R., Paton, A.J., Ryding, O. & Upson, T. (2004) Labiatae. In: Kadereit, J.W. (Ed.) The families and genera of vascular plants, vol. VII. Flowering plants dicotyledons: Lamiales (except Acanthaceae including Avicenniaceae). Springer, Berlin, pp. 167–275.

IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. (2017) Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 13. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Jamzad, Z. & Assadi, M. (1984) New species of the genera Nepeta and Ajuga (Labiatae) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 2 (2): 95–102.

Jamzad, Z. (1999) Two new species of Nepeta L. (Labiatae) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 8 (1): 43–48.

Jamzad, Z. & Simmonds, M. (2001) A new species of Nepeta (Lamiaceae) from Iran. Taxon 52: 93–98.

Jamzad, Z., Ingrouille, M. & Simmonds, M. (2003a) Three new species of Nepeta (Lamiaceae) from Iran. Taxon 52: 93–98.

Jamzad, Z., Chase, M., Ingrouille, M., Simmonds, M. & Jalili, A. (2003b) Phylogenetic relationships among Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) species and related genera based on sequence data from internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Taxon 52: 21–32.

Jamzad, Z. (2006) A new species and a new record from Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 11 (2): 143–148.

Jamzad, Z. (2009) Notes on the genus Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae--Nepetoideae). Iranian Journal of Botany 15 (2): 141–145.

Jamzad, Z. (2013) Nepeta. In: Assadi, M., Mozaffarian, V., Massoumi, A.A. & Jamzad, Z. (Eds.) Flora of Iran, vol. 76. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands Press, Tehran, pp. 454–609. [in Persian]

Jaubert, H.F. & Spach, E. (1842) Monografia generis Cicer. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Botanique 2 (18): 228−231.

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum. L. Salvius, Holmia [Stockholm], 1200 pp.

Mozaffarian, V. (2005) Notes on the tribe Anthemideae (Compositae), new species, new records and new combinations for Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 11(1): 115–127.

Noroozi, J. & Ajani, Y. (2013) A new alpine species of Nepeta sect. Capituliflorae (Labiatae) from Northwestern Iran. Novon 22: 297–303.

Noroozi, J., Akhani, H. & Breckle, S.W. (2008) Biodiversity and phytogeography of the alpine flora of Iran. Biodiversity and Conservation 17 (2): 493–521.

Poyarkova, A.I. (1954) Nepeta. In: Shishkin, B.K. & Yuzepchuk, S.V. (Eds.) Flora of the USSR, vol. 20. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow & Leningrad, pp. 287–437. [in Russian]

Rechinger, K.H. (1973) Notizen zur Orient-Flora. Anzeiger der Öesterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 109: 169–175.

Rechinger, K.H. (1982) Nepeta. In: Rechinger, K.H. (Ed.) Flora Iranica, vol. 150. Akademische Druck-und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, pp. 108–216.

Steven, C. (1813) Stirpes rariores in itinere Caucasico A. 1810 lectae. Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 4: 89–112.

Thiers, B. (2019 [continuously updated]) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: (accessed 6 March 2019)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand