DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1668.1.12

Genera of orders Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia), and their type species*

DAPHNE GAIL FAUTIN, TARAS ZELENCHUK, DINESH RAVEENDRAN

Abstract


We determined the type species, if any, for the 425 genera of the order Actiniaria and for the 19 genera of order Corallimorpharia.  In Actiniaria, 393 genera have a clear type species; 46 generic names are homonyms, 17 of which are senior, 26 of which are junior (six have been replaced), and three are both junior and senior.  Of the 18 available genera of Corallimorpharia, there are no junior homonyms, and one senior homonym.


Keywords


Animalia, sea anemones, nomenclature, taxonomy

References


Adams, J. (1800) Descriptions of some marine animals found on the coast of Wales. Transactions of the Linnean Society (London), 5, 7–12.

Agassiz, L. (1847) Lettre de M. Louis Agassiz, datée de Boston, le 30 septembre 1847, adressée à M. Alexandre de Humboldt. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, 25, 677–682.

Agassiz, L. (1859) On some new actinoid polyps of the coast of the United States. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 7, 23–24.

Allman, G. J. (1846) Biological contributions. Description of a new genus of helianthoid zoophytes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 17, 417–419.

Andres, A. (1881) Prodromus neapolitanae actiniarum faunae addito generalis actiniarum bibliographiae catalogo. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel, 2, 305–371.

Andres, A. (1883) Le Attinie (Monografia). Coi Tipi der Salviucci, Roma, 460.

Annandale, N. (1907) The fauna of brackish ponds at Port Canning, Lower Bengal. Part III. —An isolated race of the actinian Metridium schillerianum (Stoliczka). Records of the Indian Museum, 1, 47–74.

Annandale, N. (1915) Fauna of the Chilka Lake. The coelenterates of the lake, with an account of the Actiniaria of brackish water in the Gangetic Delta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum, 5, 65–114.

Appellöf, A. (1893) Ptychodactis patula n. g. & sp. der Repräsentant einer neuen Hexactinien-Familie. Bergens Museums Aarbog, 1893, 3–22.

Belém, M. J., Herrera Moreno, A., Schlenz, E. (1996) On Isoaulactinia stelloides (McMurrich, 1889), n. gen., n. comb. (Cnidaria; Actiniaria; Actiniidae). Biociências, 4, 77–88.

de Blainville, H. M. (1824) Metridium. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, F. G. Levrault, Strasbourg, 470.

de Blainville, H. M. (1830) Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturalles. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg, Paris, 631.

Bourne, G. C. (1918) On some new Phelliinae from New Guinea. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 63, 31–90.

Boveri, T. (1893) Das Genus Gyractis, eine radial-symmetrische Actinienform. Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik, 7, 241–253.

Brandt, J. F. (1835) Polypos, acalephas discophoras et siphonophoras, nec non echinodermata continens. Prodromus Descriptionis Animalium AB H. Mertensio in Orbis Terrarum Circumnavigatione Observatorum, Sumptibus Academiae, Petropoli, 75.

Bruguiere (1789) Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle des Vers. Libraire Panckouke, Paris, 757.

Busch, W. (1851) Beobachtungen Über Anatomie und Entwickelung Einiger Wirbellosen Seethiere. August Hirschwald, Berlin, 143.

Cappola, V. A., Fautin, D. G. (2000) All three species of Ptychodactiaria belong to order Actiniaria (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 80, 995–1005.

Carlgren, O. (1891) Protanthea simplex n. gen. n. sp., eine eigentümliche Actinie. Vorläufige Mitteilung. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 48, 81–89.

Carlgren, O. (1892) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Edwardsien. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 1892, 451–461.

Carlgren, O. (1893) Studien über Nordische Actinien. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 25, 1–148.

Carlgren, O. (1897) Zur Mesenterienentwicklung der Aktinien. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhand-lingar, 1897, 159–172.

Carlgren, O. (1899a) Über abschnürbare Tentakel bei den Actiniarien. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 22, 39–44.

Carlgren, O. (1899b) Zoantharien. Hamburger Magalhaensische Sammelreise, 4, 1–48.

Carlgren, O. (1900a) Ostafrikanische Actinien. Gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann 1888 und 1889. Mittheilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum, 17, 21–144 [reprint 1–124].

Carlgren, O. (1900b) Über Pentactinia californica n. gen. n. sp. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhand-lingar, 57, 1165–1172.

Carlgren, O. (1901) Die Brutpflege der Actiniarian. Biologischen Centralblatt, 21, 468–484.

Carlgren, O. (1902) Die Actiniarien der Olga-Expedition (article IV in Zool. Ergeb. Untersuchungsfahrt deutsch. Seefisch.-Vereins nach der Bäreninsel und Westspitzbergen Sommer 1898 auf SMS “Olga”). Wissenschaftliche Meer-esuntersuchungen, Abteilung Helgoland, 5, 33–56.

Carlgren, O. (1911) Über Dactylanthus (Cystiactis) antarcticus (Clubb) zugleich ein Beitrag zur Phylogenie der Actiniarien. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolarexpedition, 19011903, 6, Zool. II, 1–31.

Carlgren, O. (1914) On the genus Porponia and related genera, Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 50, 49–71.

Carlgren, O. (1918) Die Mesenterienanordnung der Halcuriiden. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 29, 1–37.

Carlgren, O. (1921) Actiniaria Part I. Danish Ingolf-Expedition, 5, 1–241.

Carlgren, O. (1924a) Actiniaria from New Zealand and its Subantarctic Islands [article XXI in Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914–16]. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening (Copenhagen), 77, 179–261.

Carlgren, O. (1924b) Description de deux Actiniaria. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco), 26–28.

Carlgren, O. (1925a) On the actiniarian family Amphianthidae. Arkiv für Zoologi, 17B, 1–6.

Carlgren, O. (1925b) Zur Kenntnis der Hexacorallen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 65, 87–99.

Carlgren, O. (1927) Actiniaria and Zoantharia. In: T. Odhner, Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 19011903 , P.A. Norstedt & Söner, Stockholm, 1–102.

Carlgren, O. (1928a) Actiniaria der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer “Valdivia” 18981899, 22, 125–266 [reprint 1–144].

Carlgren, O. (1928b) Ceriantharier, Zoantharier och Actiniarier. Meddelelser om Grønland, 23 Suppl., 253–308.

Carlgren, O. (1932) Die Ceriantharien, Zoantharien und Actiniarien des arktischen Gebietes. In: Fritz Römer, Fritz Schaudinn, August Brauer, and Walther Arndt, Eine Zusammenstellung der arktischen Tierformen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 , Gustav Fischer, Jena, 255–266.

Carlgren, O. (1934a) Ceriantharia, Zoantharia and Actiniaria from the “Michael Sars” North Atlantic Deep-sea Expedition 1910. Report on the Scientific Results of the “Michael Sars” North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910, 5, 1–27.

Carlgren, O. (1934b) Some Actiniaria from Bering Sea and Arctic waters. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 24, 348–353.

Carlgren, O. (1934c) Zur Revision der Actiniarien. Arkiv für Zoologi, 26A, 1–36.

Carlgren, O. (1937) A new actinian. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 91, 1–4.

Carlgren, O. (1938) South African Actiniaria and Zoantharia. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 17, 1–148.

Carlgren, O. (1940) Eastern Pacific Expeditions of the New York Zoological Society. XIX. Actiniaria from the Gulf of California. Zoologica, 25, 211–219.

Carlgren, O. (1942) Actiniaria Part II. Danish Ingolf-Expedition, 5, 1–92.

Carlgren, O. (1943) East-Asiatic Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handling-ar, 20, 1–43.

Carlgen, O. (1945) Further contributions to the knowledge of the cnidom in the Anthozoa especially in the Actiniaria. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 56, 1–24.

Carlgren, O. (1947) Further contributions to a revision of the Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia. Arkiv für Zoologi, 17, 1–17.

Carlgren, O. (1949) A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, series 4, 1(1), 1–121.

Carlgren, O. (1950a) Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia. Scientific Reports on the Great Barrier Reef Expedition 192829, 5, 427–457.

Carlgren, O. (1950b) Actiniaria and Zoantharia from South Australia. Arkiv für Zoologi, 20, 121–135 [reprint 1–15].

Carlgren, O. (1950c) Corallimorpharia, Actiniaria and Zoantharia from New South Wales and South Queensland. Arkiv für Zoologi, 1, 131–146.

Carlgren, O. (1951) The actinian fauna of the Gulf of California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 101, 415–449.

Carlgren, O. (1956) Actiniaria from depths exceeding 6000 meters. Galathea Reports, 2, 9–16.

Carlgren, O. (1959) Reports of the Lund University Chile Expedition 1948–49 38. Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria with description of a new genus and species from Peru. Arkiv für Zoologi, 71, 1–38.

Carlgren, O., Hedgpeth, J. W. (1952) Actiniaria, Zoantharia and Ceriantharia from Shallow Water in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science (University of Texas), 2, 143–172.

Carpenter, W. B., Jeffreys, J. G. (1871) Report on the deep-sea researches carried on during the months of July, August, and September 1870, in H.M. surveying-ship “Porcupine”. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 19, 146–221.

Clubb, J. A. (1908) Coelentera. National Antarctic Expedition 19011904 Natural History, IV. - Actiniae, 1–12.

Contarini, C. N. (1844) Trattato delle attinie, ed osservazioni sopra alcune di esse viventi nei Contorni di Venezia. Stabilimento Di G. Antonelli, Venice, 198.

Costa, A. (1869) Di un genere di Siponculidei. Annuario del'Instituto e Museo di Zoologia dell'Universitá di Napoli, 5, 56–57.

Cutress, B. D. (1961) Habrosanthus bathamae, n. gen., n. sp. (Actiniaria: Sagartiidae) from New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 1, 95–101.

Cuvier, G. (1817) Le Régne Animal,Volume 4, les Zoophytes. Deterville, Paris.

Dall, W. H. (1903) A new genus of Trochidae. Nautilus, 17, 61–62.

Dalyell, J. G. (1848) Rare and Remarkable Animals of Scotland. John Van Voorst, Paternoster Row, London, 322.

Dana, J. D. (1846) Zoophytes. Volume VII of the United States Exploring Expedition. During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia, 740.

Danielssen, D. C. (1887) Actinida of the Norwegian North-Atlantic Expedition. preliminary report. Bergens Museums Aarbok [also known as Årbok for Universitetet I Bergen], 1887, 1–24.

Danielssen, D. C. (1890) Actinida. Den Norske Nordhavs-Expedition 18761878. Zoologi. Grøndahl and Søn, Christiania, 184.

Danielssen, D. C., Koren, J. (1856) Nye Actinier [Actinies nouvelles]. In: M. Sars, J. Koren, D. C. Danielssen, Fauna Littoralis Norvegiae, Fr. D. Beyer, Bergen, 87–90.

Delage, Y., Hérouard, E. (1901) Traité de Zoologie Concrète. C. Reinwald, Paris, 848.

Delle Chiaje, S. (1825) Memorie su la storia e la notomia degli animali senza vertebre die Reprio di Napoli. Stamperia de' Fratelli Fernandes, Napoli, 444.

Delphy, J. (1938) Les actinies athénaires (Actiniaria Athenaria) de la faune Française. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris), 10, 619–622.

Delphy, J. (1939) Présence sur la côte Française de la Manche de l'actinie Bolocera Tuediæ (Johnston) et quelques remarques sur d'autres anthozoaires. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris), 11, 267–270.

Doumenc, D. A., Van-Praët, M. (1988) Actinies abyssales d'un site hydrothermal du Pacifique oriental. Oceanologica Acta, Special 8—Biologie et icologie des sources hydrothermales, 61–68.

Dube, V. M. (1983) Contribuição ao estudo de anêmonas-do-mar do esta do da bahia. Natura, 83, 82–93.

Duchassaing, P. (1850) Animaux Radiaires des Antilles. Plon Fréres, Paris, 33.

Duchassaing de Fombressin, P., Michelotti, G. (1864) Supplément au mémoire sur les Coralliaires des Antilles. Imprimerie Royale, Turin, 112.

Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P., Michelotti, G. (1860) Mémoire sur les Coralliaires des Antilles. Imprimerie Royale, Turin, 89.

Duerden, J. E. (1900) Jamaican Actiniaria. Part II. —Stichodactylinæ and Zoantheæ. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 7, 133–208.

Dufaure, J. P. (1959) Une nouvelle actinie: Parastephanauge paxi, gen. nov., sp. nov. Bulletin de la Societé Zoologique de France, 84, 86–91.

Dunn, D. F. (1981) The clownfish sea anemones: Stichodactylidae (Coelenterata: Actiniaria) and other sea anemones symbiotic with pomacentrid fishes. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 71, 1–115.

Dunn, D. F. (1983) Some Antarctic and sub-Antarctic sea anemones (Coelenterata: Ptychodactiaria and Actiniaria). Antarctic Research Series, 39(1), 1–67.

Dunn, D. F., Hamner, W. M. (1980) Amplexidiscus fenestrafer n. gen., n. sp. (Coelenterata: Anthozoa), a tropical Indo-Pacific Corallimorpharian. Micronesica, 16, 29–36.

Edwards, M. A., Hopwood, A. T. (1966) Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. VI. Zoological Society of London, London, 329.

Edwards, M. A., Manly, P., Tobias, M. A. (1996) Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. IX. Zoological Society of London, London, 701.

Edwards, M. A., Tobias, M. A. (1993) Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. VIII. Zoological Society of London, London, 620.

Edwards, M. A., Vevers, H. G. (1975) Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. VII. Zoological Society of London, London, 374.

Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834) Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1, 225–380.

Ellis, J. (1768) An account of the Actinia sociata, or clustered animal-flower, lately found on the sea-coasts of the new-ceded islands. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 57, 428–437.

Ellis, J., Solander, D. (1786) The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes, Collected from Various Parts of the Globe. Benjamin White and Son, London, 206.

England, K. W. (1971) Actiniaria from Mururoa Atoll Tuamotu, Polynesia (Hormathiidae; Calliactis polypus Sagartiidae: Verrillactis n. gen. paguri). Cahiers du Pacifique, 15, 23–40.

England, K. W. (1987) Certain Actiniaria (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from the Red Sea and tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 53, 205–292.

England, K. W. (1990) Description of two new mud-dwelling actiniids from Maharashtra, India: Edwardsia athalyei sp. nov. and Acontiactis gen. nov. gokhaleae sp. nov. and a note on Edwardsioides mammillata (Bourne, 1916) (Cnid-aria: Actiniaria). Indo-Malayan Zoology, 6, 141–158.

England, K. W. (1992) Actiniaria (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from Hong Kong with additional data on similar species from Aden, Bahrain and Singapore. In: B. Morton, The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China III, Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 49–95.

England, K. W., Robson, E. A. (1984) A new sea anemone from South Africa (Anthozoa, Ptychodactiaria). Annals of the South African Museum, 94, 305–329.

Fabricius, J. C. (1780) Fauna Groenlandica. Ioannis Gottlob Rothe, Hafniae and Lipsiae, 452.

Farquhar, H. (1898) Preliminary account of some New-Zealand Actiniaria. Journal of theLinnean Society of London (Zoology), 26, 527–536.

Fautin, D. G. (1998) Class Anthozoa: orders Actiniaria, Ceriantharia, and Zoanthinaria. In: Scott, P. V., Blake, J. A., Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel, volume 3 (The Cnidaria), Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, 113–139 (chapter 3).

Fautin, D. G. (2005) Three species of intertidal sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the tropical Pacific: description of Anthopleura buddemeieri n. sp., with remarks on Anthopleura asiatica and Gyractis sesere. Pacific Science 59, 379–391.

Fautin, D. G. (2007) Hexacorallians of the World. http://geoportal.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm. (Consulted most recently 7 November 2007)

Fautin, D. G., Barber, B. R. (1999) Maractis rimicarivora, a new genus and species of sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria: Actinostolidae) from an Atlantic hydrothermal vent. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 112, 624–631.

Fautin, D. G., Hessler, R. R. (1989) Marianactis bythios, a new genus and species of actinostolid sea anemone (Coel-enterata: Actiniaria) from the Mariana vents. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 102, 815–825.

Fautin, D. G., White, T. R., Pearson, K. E. (2002) Two new species of deep-water Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from the northeast Pacific, Corallimorphus denhartogi and C. pilatus. Pacific Science 56, 113–124.

Fischer, P. (1874) Recherches sur les actinies des cotes océaniques de France. Nouvelles Archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, 10, 193–244.

Fischer, P. (1887) Contribution a l'Actinologie Française. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 5, 381–442.

Fischer, P. (1888) Description d'une Nouvelle Espèce du Genre Edwardsia Quatrefages. Bulletin de la Societé Zoologique de France, 13, 22–23.

Fischer, P. (1889) Nouvelle Contribution à l'Actinologie Française. Première Partie. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux, 43, 252–309.

Forbes, E. (1840) On the British Actiniadae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 5, 180–184.

Forbes, E. (1841) Contributions to British actinology. I. On Kapnea, a new helianthoid polype. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 7, 81–85.

Forsskål, P. (1775) Descriptiones Animalium Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; Quae in Itinere Orientali Observait. Mölleri, Havniæ, 164.

Fowler, G. H. (1888) Two new types of Actiniaria. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 29, 143–152.

Fowler, G. H. (1894) Octineon Lindahli (W. B. Carpenter): an undescribed anthozoon of novel structure. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 35, 461–480.

Gaertner, J. (1762) An account of the Urtica Marina. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 52, 75–85.

Gosse, P. H. (1853) Notes on some new or little-known marine animals. (No. 2). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 12, 153–159.

Gosse, P. H. (1855) Description of Peachia hastata, a new genus and species of the class Zoophyta; with observations on the family Actiniadae. Transactions of the Linnean Society (London), 21, 267–276.

Gosse, P. H. (1856) On Edwardsia carnea, a new British Zoophyte. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 18, 219–221.

Gosse, P. H. (1858a) Characters and descriptions of some new British sea-anemones. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 2, 192–196.

Gosse, P. H. (1858b) Synopsis of the families, genera, and species of the British Actiniae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1, 414–419.

Gosse, P. H. (1859) Characters and descriptions of some new British sea-anemones. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 3, 46–50.

Gosse, P. H. (1860) A History of the British Sea-Anemones and Corals. Van Voorst, Paternoster Row, London, 362.

Gosse, P. H. (1865) On Ægeon alfordi, a new British sea-anemone. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 16, 41–44.

Gravier, C. (1916) Sur un type nouveau d'actinie de l'ile San Thomé (Golfe de Guinée). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris), 22, 234–236.

Gravier, C. (1918) Note préliminaire sur les hexactiniaires recueillis au cours des croisières de la Princesse-Alice et de l'Hirondelle de 1888 à 1913 inclusivement. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco), 1–24.

Haddon, A. C. (1886) First report on the marine fauna of the south-west of Ireland. Actinozoa. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 4, 615–618.

Haddon, A. C. (1888) On two species of Actiniae from the Mergui Archipelago, collected for the Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr. John Anderson, F.R.S., Superintendent of the Museum. Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology), 21, 247–255.

Haddon, A. C. (1889) A revision of the British Actiniae. Part I. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 4, 297–361.

Haddon, A. C. (1898) The Actiniaria of Torres Straits. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 6, 393–520.

Haddon, A. C., Duerden, J. E. (1896) On some Actiniaria from Australia and other districts. Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 6, 139–172.

Haddon, A. C., Shackleton, A. M. (1893) Description of some new species of Actiniaria from Torres Straits. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 8, 116–131.

Haeckel, E. (1876) Arabische Korallen. Georg Reimer, Berlin, 49.

Hand, C. (1955) The sea anemones of central California Part II. The endomyarian and mesomyarian anemones. Wasmann Journal of Biology, 13, 37–99.

Hand, C. (1956) The sea anemones of central California Part III. The acontiarian anemones. Wasmann Journal of Biology, 13, 189–251.

Hand, C. (1961) Two new acontiate New Zealand sea anemones. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 1, 75–89.

den Hartog, J. C. (1980) Caribbean shallow water Corallimorpharia. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 1–83.

Hertwig, R. (1882) Die Actinien der Challenger Expedition. Gustav Fischer, Jena, 119.

Hertwig, R. (1888) Report on the Actiniaria dredged by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876 [Supplement]. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 187376 (Zoology), 26, 1–56.

Hiles, I. L. (1899) The Gorgonacea collected by Dr. Willey. Zoological Results Based on Material from New Britain, New Guinea, Loyalty Islands and Elsewhere by Arthur Willey, 2, 195–206.

Hutton, F. W. (1879) Contributions to the coelenterate fauna of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 12, 274–276.

Ilmoni, (1830) Dr. Ilmoni aus Finnland schickte folgende Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Actinien ein.Taf. VII. Isis von Oken, 23, 694–699.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1985). Opinion 1295: Actinia Linnaeus, 1767 and Actiniidae Rafinesque, 1815 (Coelenterata, Actiniaria) and Pentacta Goldfuss, 1820 (Echinodermata, Holothurioidea): conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 42, 34–36.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1987) Official Lists and Indexes of Names and Works in Zoology. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 366.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Fourth Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 306.

Johnson, J. Y. (1861) Notes on the sea-anemones of Madeira, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zo-ological Society of London, 1861, 298–306.

Johnston, G. (1832) Illustrations in British Zoology. Magazine of Natural History, 5, 163–164.

Johnston, G. (1838) A History of the British Zoophytes. W. H. Lizars, Edinburgh, 341.

Johnston, G. (1847) A History of the British Zoophytes. John Van Voorst, London, 488.

Jourdan, É. (1880) Recherches zoologiques et histologiques sur les Zoanthaires du Golfe de Marseille. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 10, 1–154.

Keferstein, W. (1862) Untersuchungen über niedere Seethiere. Nachrichten von der G. A. Universität und der Köngl. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, 12, 60–71.

Klunzinger, C. B. (1877) Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres. 1: Die Alcyonarien und Malacodermen. Gutmann'schen Buchhandlung, Berlin, 98.

Koch, G. v. (1878) Mittheilungen über Coelenteraten. Zur Phylogenie der Antipatharia. Morphologisches Jahrbuch, 4, 74–86.

Korotneff, (1886) Polyparium ambulans. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 9, 320–323.

Kwietniewski, C. R. (1896a) Actiniaria von Ternate, nach den Sammlungen von Herrn Prof. Dr. W. Kükenthal. Zoologi-scher Anzeiger, 19, 388–391.

Kwietniewski, C. R. (1896b) Revision der Actinien, welche von Herrn Prof. Studer auf der Reise der Korvette gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft, 30, 583–603.

Kwietniewski, C. R. (1897) Ein Beitrag zur Anatomie und Systematik der Actiniarien. Universitaet Jena, Jena, 34.

Kwietniewski, C. R. (1898) Actiniaria von Ambon und Thursday Island. Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipelago von Richard Semon, Gustav Fischer, Jena, 385–430.

Lager, E. (1911) Actiniaria. Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen For-schungsreise 1905, Gustav Vischer, Jena, 215–249.

Lesson, R. P. (1830) Description des animaux de la famille des Actiniées. Voyage Autour du Monde, Exécuté par Ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de La Majesté, La Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824, et 1825, sous le ministère et conformément aux instructions de S. E. M. de Marquis de Clermont-Tonnerre, ministre de la marine, Arthus Bertrand, Paris, 67–83.

Le Sueur, C. A. (1817) Observations on several species of the genus Actinia; illustrated by figures. Journal of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia, 1, 149–154, 169–189.

Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturæ. Regnum Animale, 10th Edition. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae.

Linnaeus, C. (1767) Systema Naturæ. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, 1327.

López-González, P. J., den Hartog, J. C., García-Gómez, J. C. (1995) Onubactis rocioi gen. et spec. nov., a new species of Actiniidae (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from the southern Iberian Peninsula. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 69, 375–383.

López-González, P. J., Rodríguez, E., Gili, J., Segonzac, M. (2003) New records on sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 345, 215–243.

López-González, P. J., Rodríguez, E., Segonzac, M. (2005) A new species of sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from Manus Basin hydrothermal vents, South-western Pacific. Marine Biology Research, 1, 326–337.

Lütken, C. (1861) Nogle Bémærkninger om de ved de danske Kyster iagttagne Arter af Aktiniernes Gruppe. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening (Copenhagen), 184–200.

Lütken, C. (1875) A revised catalogue of the Anthozoa and Calycozoa of Greenland. In: Jones, Rupert T. et al., Manual of the Natural History, Geology, and Physics of Greenland and the Neighbouring Regions, Authority of the Lords and Commissioners of the Admirality, London, 186–187.

Manuel, R. L. (1981) British Anthozoa keys and notes for the identification of the species. Academic Press, London, New York, Toronto, Sydney, San Fransisco, 241.

Mathew, K., Kurian, C. V. (1979) A new actinian Paratealia keralensis gen. et sp. nov. from the southwest coast of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 18, 159–162.

McMurrich, J. P. (1889a) The Actiniaria of the Bahama Islands, W.I. Journal of Morphology, 3, 1–80.

McMurrich, J. P. (1889b) A contribution to the actinology of the Bermudas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1889, 102–126.

McMurrich, J. P. (1893) Report on the Actiniæ collected by the United States Fish Commission Steamer Albatross during the winter of 1887–1888. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 16, 119–216.

McMurrich, J. P. (1898) Report on the Actiniaria collected by the Bahama Expedition of the State University of Iowa, 1893. Bulletin from the Laboratories of Natural History, State University of Iowa, 4, 225–249.

McMurrich, J. P. (1901) Report on the Hexactiniæ of the Columbia University Expedition to Puget Sound during the summer of 1896. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 14, 1–52.

McMurrich, J. P. (1904) The Actiniae of the Plate Collection. Zoologische Jahrbücher, 6 Suppl., 215–306.

Migot, A., Portmann, A. (1926) Sur un actiniaire nouveau de la Méditerranée (Chondranthus denudatum n. g. n. sp.). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, 182, 87–89.

Milne Edwards, H. (1857) Histoire Naturelle des Coralliaires ou Polypes Proprement Dits, vol. 1. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, 326.

Milne Edwards, H., Haime, J. (1851) Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. Gide et J. Baudry, Paris, 502.

Mitchell, P. C. (1890) Thelaceros rhizophoræ, n. g. et sp., an actinian from Celebes. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 30, 551–563.

Moseley, H. N. (1877) On new forms of Actiniaria dredged in the deep sea; with a description of certain pelagic surface-swimming species. Transactions of the Linnean Society (London), 1, 295–305.

Müller, F. (1860) Polypen und Quallen von Santa Catharina. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 26, 57–63.

Müller, O. F. (1776) Zoologiæ Danicæ Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniæ et Norvegiæ Indigenarum Characteres, Nomina, et Synonyma Imprimis Popularium. Hallageriis, Havniæ, 274.

Neave, S. A. (1939a) Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. I. Zoological Society of London, London, 957.

Neave, S. A. (1939b) Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. II. Zoological Society of London, London, 1025.

Neave, S. A. (1940a) Nomenclator Zoologicus, vol. III. Zoological Society of London, London, 1065.

Neave, S. A. (1940b) Nomenclator Zoologicus, vol. IV. Zoological Society of London, London, 758.

Neave, S. A. (1950) Nomenclator Zoologicus, vol. V. Zoological Society of London, London, 308.

Nordgaard, O. (1905) Hydrographical and Biological Investigations in Norwegian Fiords. John Grieg, Bergen, 254.

Oken, L. (1815) Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte. Bersasser, Jena, 842.

de Oliveira Pires, D. (1987) Tricnidactis errans, n. gen., n. sp., (Cnidaria, Actiniaria, Haliplanellidae) from Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências (Rio de Janeiro), 59, 275.

de Oliveira Pires (1988) Tricnidactis errans n. gen., n. sp. (Cnidaria, Actiniaria, Haliplanellidae), from Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia (Rio de Janeiro), 48, 507–516.

Panceri, P. (1868) Nuovo genere di polipi actiniarii. Rendiconto dell' Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche, no vol., 30–32.

Panikkar, N. K. (1936) The structure, bionomics, and systematic position of two new brackish-water Actiniaria from Madras. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, no vol., 229–249.

Panikkar, N. K. (1937) The morphology and systematic relationships of a new boloceroidarian from brackish-water near Madras, together with an account of its asexual reproduction. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, 5B, 76–90.

Panikkar, N. K. (1938) Studies on Peachia from Madras. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, 7B, 182–205.

Parulekar, A. (1969) Neoaiptasia commensali, gen. et. sp. nov.: an actiniarian commensal of hermit crabs. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 66, 57–62.

Pax, F. (1908) Anthozoa. Die Aktinienfauna Westafrikas. Denkschriften der Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft, 13, 463–504 [261–302].

Pax, F. (1912) Les actinies de la côte du Pérou. Mission du Service Géographique de l'Armée pour la Mesure d'un Arc de Méridien Equatorial en Amérique du Sud Sous le Contrôle Scientifique de l'Académie des Sciences, Gauthier-Villars, Imprimeur-Libraire, Paris, 1–28.

Pax, F. (1922) Diagnosen neuer Actiniarien aus der Ausbeute der Deutschen (1901–1903) und der Französischen (1908–1910) Südpolar-Expedition. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 54, 74–92.

Pax, F. (1924) Anthozoen des Leidener Museums. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 8, 1–17.

Pennant, T. (1777) A British Zoology. Benj. White, London, 136.

Pfeffer, G. (1889) Zur Fauna von Süd-Georgien. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 6, 39–55.

de Quatrefages, A. (1842) Mémoire sur les edwardsies (Edwardsia, nob.) nouveau genre de la famille des actinies. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 18, 65–109.

Quoy, J. R., Gaimard, P. (1833) Voyage de Découvertes de l'Astrolabe Exécuté par Ordre du Roi, Pendant les Années 1826182718281829, sous le Commandement de M. J. Dumont D'Urville. J. Tastu, Paris, 390.

Rathke, H. (1843) Beiträge zur fauna Norwegens. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Coralinae Naturae Curiosorum, 20, 137–149.

Riemann-Zürneck, K. (1978) Actiniaria des Südwestatlantik IV. Actinostola crassicornis (Hertwig, 1882) mit einer Diskussion verwandter Arten. Veröffentlichungen des Institutes für Meeresforschung Bremerhaven, 17, 65–85.

Riemann-Zürneck, K. (1979) Two disc-shaped deep sea Anthozoa from the Gulf of Biscay, with a survey of adaptation types in the Actiniaria. Zoomorphologie, 93, 227–243.

Riemann-Zürneck, K. (1986) On some abyssal sea anemones of the North Atlantic (Actiniaria: Hormathiidae). Mitteil-ungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 83, 7–29.

Riemann-Zürneck, K. (1997) A hemisessile anemone from the Porcupine Abyssal Plain, North Atlantic Ocean: Iosactis vagabunda gen. nov., sp. nov. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 77, 1011–1025.

Riemann-Zürneck, K., Gallardo, V. A. (1990) A new species of sea anemone (Saccactis coliumensis n. sp.) living under hypoxic conditions on the central Chilean shelf. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 44, 445–457.

Riemann-Zürneck, K., Griffiths, C. L. (1999) Korsaranthus natalensis (Carlgren, 1938) nov. comb. (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) a mobile sea anemone attacking octocorals. South African Journal of Zoology, 34, 190–196.

Risso, A. (1826) Histoire Naturelle des Principales de l'Europe Méridionale. F.-G. Levrault, Strasbourg, 402.

Rodríguez, E., López-González, P. J. (2003) Stephanthus antarcticus, a new genus and species of sea anemone (Actiniaria, Haloclavidae) from the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Helgoländer Marine Research, 57, 54–62.

Roule, L. (1909) Hexactinides. Expedition Antarctique Française (19031905), 1–19.

Rüppell, E., Leuckart, F. S. (1828) Atlas zu der Reise im Nördlichen Afrika von Eduard Rüppell, Neue Wirbellose Thiere des Rothen Meers. Heinr. Ludw. Brunner, Frankfurt am Main, 47.

Sanamyan, N. P. (2001) New and poorly known Actiniaria from the NW Pacific. Zoosystematica Rossica, 9, 1–10.

Sanamyan, N. P., Sanamyan, K. E. (1998) Some Actiniaria from the Commander Islands (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Zoosystematica Rossica, 7, 1–8.

Sanamyan, N. P., Sanamyan, K. E. (2007) Deep-water Actiniaria from East Pacific hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Invertebrate Zoology, 4, 83–102.

Sars, M. (1829) Bidrag til Söedyrenes Naturehistorie. Christian Dahl, Bergen, 59.

Sars, M. (1835) Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes Classer. Thorstein Hallagers Forlag, Bergen, 81.

Sars, M. (1851) Beretning om en i Sommeren 1849 foretagen zoologisk Reise i Lofoten og Finmarken. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 6, 121–211.

Saville-Kent, W. (1893) The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; Its Products and Potentialities. W. H. Allen & Co., London, 387.

Schmarda, L. K. (1852) Zur naturgeschichte der Adria. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Wien), 4, 117–137.

Schmidt, H. (1972) Prodromus zu einer Monographie der mediterranean Aktinien. Zoologica, 42, 1–121.

Schmidt, H. (1979) Beiträge zur Differentialdiagnose, Morphologie und Evolution der Edwardsiidae (Actiniaria, Anthozoa) I. Die Gattung Alfredus nov. gen. mit der Typusart A. lucifugus (Fischer, 1888). Sonderdrucke aus der Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, 17, 211–220.

Simon, J. A. (1892) Ein Beitrag zur Anatomie und Systematik der Hexactinien. Druck von Val. Hvfling, Kapellenstrasse 3, München, 5–106.

Sluiter, C. P. (1888) Über zwei merkwürdige Gephyreen aus der Bai von Batavia. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, 48, 233–248.

Stechow, E. (1921) Neue Genera und Species von Hydrozoen und anderen Evertebraten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 87, 248–265.

Stephenson, T. A. (1918a) Coelenterata. Part I. —Actiniaria. Natural History Reports on British Antarctic (“Terra Nova”) Expedition 1910, 5, 1–68.

Stephenson, T. A. (1918b) On certain Actiniaria collected off Ireland by the Irish Fisheries Department, during the years of 1899–1913. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 34B, 106–164.

Stephenson, T. A. (1920) On the classification of Actiniaria. Part I.—Forms with acontia and forms with a mesogloeal sphincter. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 64, 425–574.

Stephenson, T. A. (1921) On the classification of Actiniaria. Part II.—Consideration of the whole group and its relationships, with special reference to forms not treated in Part I. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 65, 493-576.

Stephenson, T. A. (1922) On the classification of Actiniaria. Part III. —Definitions connected with the forms dealt with in Part II. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 66, 247–319.

Stephenson, T. A. (1925) On a new British sea anemone. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 13, 880–890.

Stephenson, T. A. (1929) A contribution to actinian morphology: the genera Phellia and Sagartia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 56, 121–139.

Stephenson, T. A. (1935) The British Sea Anemones. Volume II. The Ray Society, London, 426.

Stimpson, W. (1856a) Descriptions of some of the new marine invertebrata from the Chinese and Japanese Seas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 7, 375–384.

Stimpson, W. (1856b) On some remarkable marine invertebrata inhabiting the shores of South Carolina. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 5, 110–118.

Stoliczka, F. (1869) On the anatomy of Sagartia schilleriana and Membranipora bengalensis, a new coral and a bryozoon living in brackish water at Port Canning. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 38, 28–63.

Stuckey, F. G. (1909) A review of the New Zealand Actiniaria known to science, together with a description of twelve new species. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, 41, 374–398.

Studer, T. (1879) Zweite Abtheilung der Anthozoa polyactinia, welche während der Reise S. M. S. Corvette Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. Monatsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 25, 524–550.

Thompson, W. (1853) Description of a new species of Corynactis. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 21, 107–108.

Thompson, W. (1858) Remarks on the British Actiniadae, and re-arrangement of the genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 26, 145–149.

Tilesius, G. T. (1809) De nova Actiniarum specie gigantea, Kamtschatica. Memoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, 1, 388–422.

Torrey, H. B. (1902) Papers from the Harriman Alaska Expedition. XXX. Anemones, with discussion of variation in Metridium. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 4, 373–410.

Uchida, T. (1932a) Description of a new actinian, Andwakia Hozawai n. sp. Proceedings of the Imperial Academy (Japan), 8, 394–396.

Uchida, T. (1932b) On a new actinian, Milne-Edwardsia akkeshi n. sp., from northern Japan. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses, 13, 571–575.

Uchida, T. (1938) Actiniaria of Mutsu Bay. Report of the Biological Survey of Mutsu Bay, 13, 281–317.

Uchida, T. (1960) Carcinactis ichikawai, n. gen.; n. sp., an actiniarian commensal with the crab Dorippe granulata. Japanese Journal of Zoology, 12, 595–601.

Verrill, A. E. (1864a) List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University), 1, 29–60.

Verrill, A. E. (1864b) Revision of the Polypi of the eastern coast of the United States. Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History, 1, 1–45.

Verrill, A. E. (1865) Classification of polyps (Extract condensed from a Synopsis of the Polypi of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Captains Ringgold and Rodgers, U.S.N.). Proceedings of the Essex Institute, 4, 145–152.

Verrill, A.E. (1868) Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. Part IV. Actiniaria [First part]. Communications of the Essex Institute, 5, 315–330 [reprint 1–16].

Verrill, A.E. (1869a) Review of the corals and polyps of the west coast of America. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1, 377–558.

Verrill, A.E. (1869b) Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, naturalist to the Expedition. Part IV. Actiniaria. [Second part]. Proceedings of the Essex Institute, 6, 51–104 [reprint 17–69].

Verrill, A.E. (1879) Notice of recent additions to the marine fauna of the eastern coast of North America, No. 5. American Journal of Science and Arts, 17, 472–474.

Verrill, A.E. (1880) Notice of recent additions to the marine invertebrata, of the northeastern coast of America, with descriptions of new genera and species, and critical remarks on others. Part I —Annelida, Gephyræa, Nemertina, Nematoda, Polyzoa, Tunicata, Mollusca, Anth. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 2, 165–205.

Verrill, A.E. (1882) Notice of the remarkable marine fauna occupying the outer banks off the southern coast of New England, No. 4. American Journal of Science and Arts, 23, 216–225.

Verrill, A.E. (1883) Reports on the Anthozoa, and on some additional species dredged by the “Blake” in 1877–1879, and by the U. S. Fish Commission Steamer “Fish Hawk” in 1880–82. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University), 11, 1–72.

Verrill, A.E. (1898) Descriptions of new American actinians, with critical notes on other species, I. American Journal of Science and Arts, 6, 493–498.

Verrill, A.E. (1899a) Descriptions of imperfectly known and new Actinians, with critical notes on other species, II. American Journal of Science and Arts, 7, 41–50.

Verrill, A.E. (1899b) Descriptions of imperfectly known and new Actinians, with critical notes on other species, III. American Journal of Science and Arts, 7, 143–146.

Verrill, A.E. (1899c) Descriptions of imperfectly known and new Actinians, with critical notes on other species, IV. American Journal of Science and Arts, 7, 205–218.

Verrill, A.E. (1899d) Descriptions of imperfectly known and new Actinians, with critical notes on other species, V. American Journal of Science and Arts, 7, 375–380.

Verrill, A.E. (1922) The Actiniaria of the Canadian Arctic Expeditions, with notes on interesting species from Hudson Bay and other Canadian localities. Report on the Canadian Arctic Expedition 19131918, 8, 89–164.

Verrill, A.E. (1928) Hawaiian shallow water Anthozoa. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin, 49, 3–30.

Wassilieff, A. (1908) Japanische Actinien. Abhandlungen des Mathematischen-Physikalischen Institutes der Kaiser-lichen Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Suppl. 1, 1–49.

Watzl, O. (1922) Die Actiniarien der Bahamainseln. Arkiv für Zoologi, 14, 1–89.

Williams, R.B. (1981) A sea anemone, Edwardsia meridionalis sp. nov., from Antarctica and a preliminary revision of the genus Edwardsia de Quatrefages, 1841 (Coelenterata: Actiniaria). Records of the Australian Museum, 33, 325–360.

Wilson, J.B. (1890) On a new actinia, Hoplophoria coralligens. Studies at the Biological Laboratory of the Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore), 4, 379–387.

Wright, T.S. (1856) On two new actinias from Arran. Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh, 1, 70–72.

Wright, T.S. (1859) Notes on the Irish Actinidæ, etc., with especial reference to their distribution. Proceedings of the Dublin University Zoological and Botanical Association, 1, 174–188.

Wyragévitch, T. (1905) Sur la Halcampella ostroumowi, mihi n. sp., trouvée dans la mer Noire. Travaux du Laboratoire Zoologique et de la Station Biologique de Sébastopol, 1–14.

Zamponi, M.O. (1974) Neoparacondylactis haraldoi gen. et sp. nov. (Actiniaria, Actiniidae). Physis (Buenos Aires), 33A, 543–547.

Zamponi, M.O. (1976) Enmienda a la familia Sideractiidae Danielssen 1890 (Anthozoa: Corallimorpharia) con la creacion de Sphincteractis sanmatiensis gen. et sp. nov. Physis (Buenos Aires), 35A, 127–133.

Zamponi, M.O. (1978a) La anemonofauna de Mar del Plata y localidades vecinas II. La anemonas Mesomyaria. (Coelentherata: Actiniaria). Neotropica, 24, 21–26.

Zamponi, M.O. (1978b) Sobre la anemona Paraisometridium pehuensis, gen. y sp. nov. (Actiniaria: Metridiidae). Neotropica, 24, 117–122.

Zamponi, M.O. (1980) La anemonofauna de Mar del Plata y localidades vecinas III. Las anemonas Acontiaria (Coelenterata Actiniaria). Neotropica, 25, 145–154.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa