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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3616.2.6

A new species of Bachia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Eastern Brazilian Cerrado, and data on its ecology, physiology and behavior

MAURO JR TEIXEIRA, RENATO SOUSA RECODER, AGUSTÍN CAMACHO, MARCO AURÉLIO DE SENA, CARLOS ARTURO NAVAS, MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES

Abstract


A new species of Bachia of the bresslaui group, Bachia geralista sp. nov., is described from Planalto dos Gerais, an old and partially dissected plateau extending along the Cerrados of Bahia, Minas Gerais and Tocantins states, Brazil. The new species is morphologically similar to B. bresslaui, with which it has been confused; however head scalation resembles other species from sandy spots within the Cerrado (B. psamophila and B. oxyrhina). Like in B. psamophila and B. oxyrhi-na, the shovel-shaped snout of the new species is highly prominent, a typical trait of psammophilous habits in other gym-nophthalmids. The examination of specimens of B. bresslaui from several populations within the Cerrado revealed great variation among localities, leading to the reidentification of a specimen from Utiariti, Mato Grosso, previously referred to in the literature as the second record of B. bresslaui, as the recently described B. didactyla, suggesting that cryptic diversity might remain still undiscovered within this genus in the Cerrado. Despite occurring in a relatively open Cerrado, thermal physiology of Bachia geralista sp. nov. restricts its occurrence to shaded microhabitats within this habitat.


Keywords


Bachia geralista sp. nov., psammophilous habits, Peruaçu, limb reduction, fossoriality.

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ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa