Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The Cossidae (Lepidoptera) of Malawi with descriptions of two new species



An annotated list of Cossidae of Malawi including 30 species from 13 genera and 3 subfamilies is presented for the first time. Two new species are described: Macrocossus grebennikovi Yakovlev, sp. nov. and Strigocossus elephas Yakovlev, sp. nov. Three new synonyms are established: Strigocossus moderatus (Walker, 1856) = Strigocossus leucopteris Houlbert, 1916, syn. nov. = Xyleutes sjoestedti vosseleri Gaede, 1930, syn. nov. and Strigocossus capensis (Walker, 1856) = Azygophleps kilimandjarae Le Cerf, 1914, syn. nov.


Cossidae, Malawi, new species, fauna, Macrocossus grebennikovi, Strigocossus elephas

Full Text:

PDF/A (9.25 MB)


Aurivillius, C. (1900) Verzeichniss einer von den Herren Missionären E. Laman und W. Sjöholm bei Mukinbungu am unteren Congo zusammengebrachten Schmetterlingssammlung. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 57 (9), 1039–1058.

Aurivillius, C. (1910) Lepidoptera. In: Sjöstedt, Y. ed. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und Umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906, 2, 1–56.

Bethune-Baker, G.T. (1927) Descriptions of new Species of Heterocera from Africa and the East. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 9 (20), 321–334.

Chrétien, P. (1915) Contribution à la connaissance des Lépidoptères du Nord de l'Afrique. Annales de la Société entomologique de France, 84, 289–374.

Clench, H.K. (1959) Notes on African Cossidae. Veröffentlichungen der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München, 6, 3–27.

Distant, W.L. (1902) Descriptions of new species of Heterocera from the Transvaal. The Entomologist, 35, 212–214.

Druce, H. (1887) Descriptions of some new Species of Lepidoptera Heterocera, mostly from Tropical Africa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1887, 668–686.

Dubatolov, V.V. (2009) Reviewing the African tiger-moth genera: 1. A new genus, two new subgenera and a species list from the expedition to Malawi by V. Kovtunovich & P. Ustjuzhanin in 2008-2009, with further taxonomic notes on South African Arctiinae. Atalanta, 40 (1–2), 285–301.

Fabricius, J.C. (1775) Systema Entomologiae sistens insectorum classes,ordines,genera,species, adiectis synonymis, locis,descriptionibus,observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae: In Officina Libraria Kortii, 832 pp.

Gaede, M. (1930) Cossidae. In: Seitz, A. (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Die afrikanischen Spinner und Schwärmer. Stuttgart, Bd. 14, 541–550.

Felder, C. (1874) Lepidoptera. Heft IV. Atlas der Heterocera Sphingida–Noctuida 2. Reise der Österreichishen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in der Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologische Teil. Wien, Taf. 84.

Fletcher, D.S. (1968) Cossidae, Metarbelidae, Psychidae, Limacodidae, Drepanidae, Uraniidae, Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae. Ruwenzori Expedition 1952, 1 (8), 325–329.

Hampson, G.F. (1892) Moths. Vol. I . The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Dr. W. Junk b.v. Publishers, The Hague, 527 pp.

Hampson, G.F. (1910a) Descriptions of new African Moths. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8 (6), 116–135.

Hampson, G.F. (1910b) Zoological Collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent Territories. Lepidoptera Phalænæ. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1910, 388–483.

Herrich-Schäffer, G.A.W. (1850–1858) Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäscher Schmetterlinge. Regensburg, 84 pp., 120 pl.

Holland, W.J. (1892) Descriptions of some new species of African Lepidoptera. The Entomologist, 25, 89–95.

Houlbert, C. (1916) Sur la Distribution géographique des Xyleutes (Lép. Zeuzeridae) et Description de sept Espèces nouvelles. Ètudes de Lepidopterologie Comparée, 9 bis, 59–118.

Koçak, A.Ö. & Kemal, M. (2007) Report on the Report on the Temporary Results of the Faunal Lists of African States based upon the Databank of the Cesa 8. Malawi. Cesa publication of African Lepidoptera, 10, 1–27.

Kopij, G. (2005) Lepidoptera fauna of Lesotho. Acta zoologica cracowiensia, 49B (1–2), 137–180.

Kroon, D.M. (1999) Lepidoptera of Southern Africa. Host-plants & other association. A Catalogue. Lepidopterists’ Society of Africa, 160 pp.

Le Cerf, F. (1914) Diagnoses sommaires de Lépidoptères nouveaux de l’Afrique orientale anglaise [Lep. Cossidae, Arbelidae et Hepialidae]. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 399−401.

Le Pelley, R.H. (1968) Pests of coffee. Longmans Green and Con. Ltd, London, 590 pp.

Majawa, A.O. (1980) A Revised Checklist of Forest Lepidoptera in the Reference Collection at the Forestry Research Institute of Malawi. Forestry Research Record, 60, 1–29.

Mey, W., Nuss, M. & Speidel, W. (1998) Data about Lepidoptera diversity in the Afromontane Region of Malawi (Insecta, Microlepidoptera and Heterocera). Memoires de la Societe royale belge d'Entomologie, 38, 155–170.

Pinhey, E.C.G. (1979) Cossidae. Moths of Southern Africa. Description and colour illustrations of 1183 species. Rotterdam, 273 pp.

Plötz, C. (1880) Verzeichniss der vom Professor Dr. R. Buchholz in West-Africa gesammelten Schmetterlinge. Entomologische Zeitung, herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin, 76–88, 298−307.

Robinson, G.S., Ackery, Ph.R., Kitching, I.J., Beccaloni, G.W. & Hernández, L.M. (2001) Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of the Oriental Region. Kuala-Lumpur, 744 pp.

Rougeot, P.-C. (1977) Missions Entomologiques en Ethiopie 1973–1975. Fascicule I. Mémoires du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 105. Série A, Zoologie, 17–18.

Schoorl, J.W. (1990) A phylogenetic study on Cossidae (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia) based on external adult morphology. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 263, 295 pp.

Strand, E. (1909) Lepidoptera aus Deutsch Ost-Afrika, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. C. Uhlig. Internationale Entomologische Zetschrift, Guben, 3, 128–130.

Strand, E. (1913) Zwei neue afrikanische Cossus-Arten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 78 (A) (11), 85–87.

Vári, L., Kroon, D.M. & Krüger, M. (2002) Cossidae. Classification and Checklist of the species of Lepidoptera recorded in Southern Africa. Chastwood, 385 pp.

Walker, F. (1856) List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part VII. Lepidoptera Heterocera. London, 1509–1808.

Wichgraf, F. (1921) Neue afrikanische Lepidopetern aus der Ertischen Sammlung. Internationale Entomologische Zetschrift, Guben, 14 (25), 195–197.

Yakovlev, R.V. (2006) New Cossidae (Lepidoptera) from Asia, Africa and Macronesia. Tinea, 19 (3), 188–213.

Yakovlev, R.V. (2011) Catalogue of the Family Cossidae of the Old World. Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 66, 1–129.

Yakovlev, R.V., Ivinskis, P., Rimsaite, I. & Saldaitis, A. (2013) Description of two new species of Meharia Chretien, 1915 (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) from East Africa. Zootaxa, 3635 (5), 587–590.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa