Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3716.2.1

Australian species of the ant genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

STEVEN O. SHATTUCK, SHARON MARSDEN

Abstract


The Australian species of the ant genus Dolichoderus are revised. The fauna contains 27 species belonging to four species groups, the australis group (5 species, 2 newly described), the doriae group (6 species, 2 newly described), the scabridus group (6 species, 1 newly described) and the scrobiculatus group (10 species, 4 newly described). The former subspecies niger Crawley and rufotibialis Clark are raised to species-level. The following nine new species are described: albamaculus sp. n., canopus sp. n., etus sp. n., gordoni sp. n., inferus sp. n., kathae sp. n., omicron sp. n., rutilus sp. n. and semiorbis sp. n. Four new synonyms are proposed: armstrongi McAreavey with reflexus Clark, glauerti Wheeler with parvus Clark, occidentalis Clark with formosus Clark and ruficornis Santschi with scabridus Roger. A neotype is designated for D. clusor Forel. The majority of species are found in southern forested areas with only a few species known from arid and tropical regions.


Keywords


Formicidae, Dolichoderus, Australia, new species, key

Full Text:

PDF/A (19.91 MB)

References


André, E. (1896) Fourmis nouvelles d'Asie et d'Australie. Revue d'Entomologie (Caen), 15, 251–265.

Blum, M.S. & Hermann, H.R. (1978) Venoms and venom apparatuses of the Formicidae: Dolichoderinae and Aneuretinae. Handbuch der Experimentellen Pharmakologie, 48, 871–894.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-45501-8_26

Cavill, G.W.K. & Hinterberger, H. (1960a) The chemistry of ants. IV. Terpenoid constituents of some Dolichoderus and Iridomyrmex species. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 13, 514–519.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/ch9600514

Cavill, G.W.K. & Hinterberger, H. (1960b) Dolichoderine ant extractives. In: Pavan, M. & Eisner, T. (Eds.), XI. Internationaler Kongress für Entomologie. Wien 1960. Verhandlungen. Band III. Symposium 3, Symposium 4. Istituto di Entomologia Agraria dell'Università di Pavia, Pavia, pp. 53–59.

Clark, J. (1930) The Australian ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Formicidae). Subgenus Hypoclinea Mayr. Australian Zoologist, 6, 252–268.

Clark, J. (1934) New Australian ants. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 8, 21–47.

Crawley, W.C. (1922) New ants from Australia (concluded from vol. ix. p. 449). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9) 10, 16–36.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222932208632741

Crozier, R.H. (1970) Karyotypes of twenty-one ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with reviews of the known ant karyotypes. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology, 12, 109–128.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g70-018

Dazzini Valcurone, M. & Fanfani, A. (1982) Nouve formazioni glandolari del gastro in Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) doriae Em. (Formicidae, Dolichoderinae). Pubblicazioni dell'Istituto di Entomologia Agraria dell'Università di Pavia, 19, 1–18.

Don, W. (2007) Ants of New Zealand. Otaga University Press, Dunedin, New Zealand, 239 pp.

Emery, C. (1887) Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia. [part]. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, 24, 209–240.

Fanfani, A. & Dazzini Valcurone, M. (1991) Metapleural glands of some Dolichoderinae ants. Ethology Ecology and Evolution Special Issue, 1, 95–98.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03949370.1991.10721918

Forel, A. (1902) Fourmis nouvelles d'Australie. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 10, 405–548.

Forel, A. (1907) Formicidae. In: Michaelsen, W. & Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.), Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 1. Jena, G. Fischer, pp. 263–310.

Forel, A. (1915) Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Arkiv för Zoologi, 9 (16), 1–119.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.12160

Freeland, J., Crozier, R.H. & Marc, J. (1982) On the occurrence of arolia in ant feet. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 21, 257–262.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.1982.tb01807.x

Heterick, B.E. (2009) A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement, 76, 1–206.

Imai, H.T., Crozier, R.H. & Taylor, R.W. (1977) Karyotype evolution in Australian ants. Chromosoma (Berlin), 59, 341–393.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00327974

Lowne, B.T. (1865) Contributions to the natural history of Australian ants. Entomologist, 2, 331–336.

Mann, W.M. (1916) The Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911, John C. Branner, Director. The ants of Brazil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 60, 399–490.

Mayr, G. (1876) Die australischen Formiciden. Journal des Museum Godeffroy, 12, 56–115.

McAreavey, J. (1949) Australian Formicidae. New genera and species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 74, 1–25.

Roger, J. (1862) Einige neue exotische Ameisen-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, 6, 233–254.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.47918620118
Santschi, F. (1916) Deux nouvelles fourmis d'Australie. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 1916, 174–175.

Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. (1951) The ant larvae of the subfamily Dolichoderinae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 53, 169–210.

Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. (1966) Ant larva of the subfamily Dolichoderinae: supplement. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 59, 726–732.

Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. (1974) Ant larvae of the subfamily Dolichoderinae: second supplement (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 49, 396–401.

Wheeler, W.M. (1934) Contributions to the fauna of Rottnest Island, Western Australia. No. IX. The ants. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 20, 137–163.

Wheeler, W.M. (1935) Myrmecological notes. Psyche (Cambridge), 42, 68–72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1935/17645


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa