Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Echiniscus semifoveolatus (Heterotardigrada: Echiniscidae),
a newly recorded species from China



Echiniscus semifoveolatus Ito, 1993 (Tardigrada: Echiniscidae) is reported as a new record for China, and was collected from the Mt. Jinggang, Jiangxi, and the Wuyi Mountains, south-eastern China. This is the first report of this species from outside the type locality, Mt. Fuji, central Japan. The number of dorsal spines that arise from the posterior edge of the scapular plate ranges from zero to five while the type specimen has two symmetrically arranged spines at Bd. The distance between the spines varies. These variations in both the number of spines and the distance between the spines could be considered as individual variation. We provide a detailed supplementary description for this species based on the Chinese specimens and supply a key to all known Chinese species of the genus Echiniscus.


Tardigrada, Echiniscus semifoveolatus, new record, China

Full Text:

PDF/A (8.73 MB)


Beasley, C.W. (1999) A new species of Echiniscus (Tardigrada, Echiniscidae) from northern Yunnan Province, China. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 238, 135–138.

Beasley, C.W. & Cleveland, A. (1996) Tardigrada from Southern Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 116, 239–243.

Beasley, C.W., Kaczmarek, L. & Michalczyk, L. (2006) New records of tardigrades from China, with zoogeographical remarks. Biological Letter, 43, 3–10.

Beasley, C.W. & Miller, W.R. (2012) Additional Tardigrada from Hubei Province, China, with the description of Doryphoribius barbarae sp. nov. (Eutardigrada: Parachela: Hypsibiidae). Zootaxa, 3170, 55–63.

Binda, M.G. & Pilato, G. (1969) Tardigradi muscicoli della isole Eolie (Sicilia). Bollettino delle sedute dell’Accademia Gioenia di Scienze naturali in Catania,9, 634–651.

Chen, C.H., Lee, C.Y., Hsieh, P., Zeng, W. & Zhou, H.W. (2008) Approaching the age problem for some metamorphosed Precambrian basement rocks and Phanerozoic granitic bodies in the Wuyishan area:The application of EMPMonazite age dating. Geological Journal of China Universities, 14 (1), 1–15. [in Chinese with very short English abstract]

Chen, S.P., Ma, X.Q. & Lin K.M. 2004. Community structure of the main vegetation types in Wuyi Scenery Spot. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis, 26 (1), 37–41. [in Chinese with very short English abstract]

Cuénot, L. (1932) Tardigrades. In: Lechevalier, P. (Eds.), Faune de France. Vol. 24. Paris, pp. 1–96.

Cunha, A.X. da & Nascimento Ribeiro, F. Do. (1964) Tardigrados de Angola. Garcia de Orta (Lisbon), 12 (3), 397–406.

Dastych, H. (1974) Some Tardigrada from the Himalayas (Nepal) with a description of Echiniscus (E.) nepalensis n. sp. International Symposium on Tardigrades. Pallanza. Italy, Memorie dell'Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia, 32 (suppl.), 61–68.

Doyère, M. (1840) Mémoire sur les tardigrades. Annales des Science Naturelles, seconde série, Zoologie, 14, 269–361.

Fontoura, A.P. (1982) Deux novelles espèces de tardigrades muscicoles du Portugal, Publicaçoes do Instituto de Zoologia "Dr. Augusto Nobre". Faculdade de Ciências do Porto, 165, 5–19.

Franceschi, T. (1957) Una nuova specie di Echiniscus. Missione del Prof. Giuseppe Scortecci in Migiutinia, col contributo del consiglio nazionale delle ricerche VII., Annali Storia Naturale di Genova, 69, 223–225.

Gao, X.Y., Li, X.C. & Wang, L.Z. (2012) Taxonomic composition of the Chinese terrestrial-freshwater tardigrades. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 40 (18), 9721–9725.

Heinis, V.F. (1908) Tardigraden der Schweiz. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 32, 633–638.

Ito, M. (1993) Taxonomic study on the class Heterotardigrada (Tardigrada) from the northern slope of Mt. Fuji, central Japan. Edaphologia, 50, 1–13.

Li, X. (2007) Tardigrades from the Tsinling Mountains, central China with descriptions of two new species of Echiniscidae (Tardigrada). Journal of Natural History, 41 (41), 2719–2739.

Li, X.C. & Li, H.Q. (2008) Tardigrades from Taiwan, with the Ddescription of a new species of Doryphoribius (Tardigrada, Hypsibiidae). Zoological Science, 25, 554–559.

Li, X.C. & Wang, L.Z. (2005) Two new records of Tardigrada (Echiniscidae) from China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 30, 509–512.

Li, X.C., Wang, L.Z., Liu, Y. & Su, L.N. (2005) A new species and five new records of Echiniscidae (Tardigrada) from China. Zootaxa, 1093, 25–33.

Li, X.C., Wang, L.Z. & Yu, D. (2007) The Tardigrada fauna of China with descriptions of three new species of Echiniscidae. Zoological Studies, 46 (2), 135–147

Marcus, E. (1927) Zur Anatomie und Ökologie mariner Tardigraden. Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik, 53, 487-–558.

Marcus, E. (1930) Beiträge zur Tardigradensystematik. Zoologischer Jahrbücher Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 59, 363–386.

Mihelcic, F. (1951) Beitrag zur systematik der tardigraden. Archivio Zoologico Italiano, 36, 57–103.

Moon, S.Y. & Kim, W. (1994) New species of Echiniscus (Heterotardigrada: Echiniscoidea: Echiniscidae) from Korea, Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 107 (3), 511–513.

Morikawa, K. (1951) Notes on four interesting Echiniscus (Tardigrada) from Japan. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses, 24 (2), 108–110.

Murray, J. (1905) XXVII–The Tardigrada of the scottish lochs. Transactions of the Royal Society, Edinburgh Part III, 41 (27), 677–698.

Murray, J. (1907) XII. Some South African Tardigrada. Journal Royal Microscopical Society, 1907, V, 514–Transaction 524.

Murray, J. (1910) Tardigrada, British Antarctic Expedition 1907–9. Reports on the Scientific Investigations, Vol.1 Biology (Part V), 83–187.

Murray, J. (1911) Arctiscoida, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 31 (37), 1–16.

Péterfi, F. (1956) Contributioni la cunoasterea Tardigradelor din R. P. R. Studii si Cercetări de Biologie, 7, 149–155.

Pilato, G. (1974) Tre nuove specie di Tardigradi muscicoli di Cina. Animalia, 1, 59–68.

Pilato, G., Fontoura, P., Lisi, O. & Beasley, C.W. (2008) New description of Echiniscus scabrospinosus Fontoura, 1982, and description of a new species of Echiniscus (Heterotardigrada) from China. Zootaxa, 1856, 41–54.

Rahm, G. (1936-1937a) Vorlaeufige erste Mitteilung ueber Tardigraden Chinas. Peking Natural History Bulletin, 2, 157–160.

Rahm, G. (1936–1937b) Oekologische und biologische Bemerkungen zur anabiotischen fauna Chinas (Nematoden und Tardigraden). Peking Natural History Bulletin, 2, 233–248.

Rahm, G. (1937) Tardigraden vom Yan-Chia-Ping-Tal (Nordchina). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 119, 105–111.

Ramazzotti, G. (1959) Il gruppo dell’Echiniscus viridis con la nuova specie E. pervirdis e Macrobiotus pustalatus, altra nuova specie (Tardigrada). Atti Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, 98, 303–309.

Richters, F. (1902) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der fauna der Umgebung von Frankfurt a. M., Bericht der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main, 1902, 3–21.

Richters, F. (1902) Neue Moosbewohner, Bericht der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main, 1902, 23–26.

Richters, F. (1903) Nordische Tardigraden. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 28 (5), 168–172.

Richters, F. (1904) Beitrag zur Verbreitung der Tardigraden im sudlichen Skandinavien und an der mecklenburgischen Kuste. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 28 (9), 347–352.

Richters, F. (1907) Zwei neue Echiniscus-Arten. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 31 (7), 197–202.

Schultze, C.A.S. (1840) Echiniscus bellermanni, animal crustaceum. Berlim, 1-8.

Schuster, R.O. & Grigarick, A.A. (1966) Tardigrada from the Galápagos and Cocos Islands, Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, Fourth series, 34 (5), 315–328.

Séméria, Y. (1994) Une espèce nouvelle de Tardigrade de Taïwan: Echiniscus pseudelegans, n. sp. (Heterotardigrada Echiniscidae). Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon, 63 (1), 28–30.

Thulin, G. (1928) Über die Phylogenie und das System der Tardigraden. Hereditas, 11, 207–266.

Wang, L.Z. & Li, X.C. (2005) Echiniscus taibaiensis sp. nov. and a new record of Echiniscus bisetosus Heinis (Tardigrada, Echiniscidae) from China. Zootaxa, 1092, 39–45.

Xiao, Y.A. (2000) Study on features of evergreen broad-leaved forest in Jinggang Mountain. Journal of Jingshang Normal College (Natural Sciences), 21 (5), 60–62, 72. [n Chinese with very short English abstract]

Yang, T. (2002) The tardigrades from some mosses of Lijiang County in Yunnan Province (Heterotardigrada: Echiniscidae; Eutardigrada: Parachela: Macrobiotidae, Hypsibiidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sininca, 27, 53–64. [in Chinese with English abstract]

Yang, T. (2003) Two new species and three new records of the Tardigrada (Heterotardigrada, Echiniscidae; Eutardigrada, Milnesiidae, Macrobiotidae, Hypsibiidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 28, 235–240. [in Chinese with English abstract]

Ye, Z.H., Yin, G.S., Guo, F.S. & Zou, X.M. (2012) Values of geological heritages in Jiangxi’s Jinggangshan. Resources and Industries, 14 (5), 112–118. [in Chinese with English abstract]


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa