Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Morphological and molecular description of the late-stage larvae of Alima Leach, 1817 (Crustacea: Stomatopoda) from Lizard Island, Australia



Alima pacifica and A. orientalis are stomatopods commonly found at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. There are currently no descriptions that link the larvae to the adult morphotype despite the frequent occurrence of the last larval stage of these two species. We used DNA barcoding of the cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene to link the last stage larvae of A. pacifica and A. orientalis to the respective adult morphotype. Detailed morphological descriptions of the late larva of each species are provided and compared to other described last-stage Alima larvae. These data support previous studies that suggest paraphyly of the genus Alima.


Crustacea, Stomatopoda, Lizard Island, Australia

Full Text:

PDF/A (1.60 MB)


Ahyong, S.T. (2001) Revision of the Australian Stomatopod Crustacea. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 26, 1–326.

Ahyong, S.T. (2002) A new species and new records of Stomatopoda from Hawaii. Crustaceana, 75 (6), 827–840.

Ahyong, S.T. (2005) Phylogenetic analysis of the Squilloidea (Crustacea; Stomatopoda). Invertebrate Systematics, 19 (3), 1–21.

Alikunhi, K.H. (1944) Final pelagic larva of Squilla hieroglyphica Kemp. Current Science, Bangalore, 13 (9), 237–238.

Barber, P. & Boyce, S.L. (2006) Estimating diversity of Indo-Pacific coral reef stomatopods through DNA barcoding of stomatopod larvae. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 273, 2053–2061.

Bracken-Grissom, H.D., Felder, D.L., Vollmer, N.L., Martin, J.W. & Crandall, K.A. (2012) Phylogenetics links monster larva to deep-sea shrimp. Ecology and Evolution, 2 (10), 2367–2373.

Hamano, T. & Matsuura, S. (1987) Delayed metamorphosis of the Japanese mantis shrimp in nature. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 53 (1), 167.

Manning, R.B. (1962) Alima hyalina Leach, the pelagic larva of the stomatopod crustacean Squilla alba Bigelow. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 12 (3), 496–507.

Miller, M.A., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz, T. (2010) Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), 14 Nov. 2010, New Orleans, LA, pp. 1–8.

Pfenninger, M., Nowak, C., Kley, C., Steinke, D. & Streit, B. (2007) Utility of DNA taxonomy and barcoding for the inference of larval community structure in morphologically cryptic Chironomus (Diptera) species. Molecular Ecology, 16 (9), 1957–1968.

Pyne, R.R. (1972) Larval development and behaviour of the mantis shrimp, Squilla armata Milne Edwards (Crusatcea: Stomatopoda). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 2 (2), 121–146.

Reaka, M.L., Rodgers, P.J. & Kudla, A.U. (2008) Patterns of biodiversity and endemism on Indo-West Pacific coral reefs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 11474–11481.

Schram, F.R., Ahyong, S.T., Patek, S.N., Green, P.A., Rosario, M.V., Bok, M.J., Cronin, T.W., Mead Vetter, K., Caldwell, R.L., Scholtz, G., Fuller, K.D. & Abelló, P. (in press) Subclass Hoplocarida Calman, 1904: Order Stomatopoda Latreille, 1817. In: Schram, F.R. & Vaupel Klein, J.C. (Eds.), Treatise on Zoology — Crustacea, Vol. 7. Brill, Leiden.

Stamatakis, A., Ott, M. & Ludwig, T. (2005) RAxML-OMP: An Efficient Program for Phylogenetic Inference on SMPs. In: Parallel Computing Technologies. Springer-Verlag, Berlin & Heidelberg, pp. 288–302.

Stamatakis, A., Hoover, P. & Rougemont, J. (2008) A fast bootstrapping algorithm for the RAxML Web-Servers. Systematic Biology, 57 (5), 758–771.

Pfeiffer, W. & Stamatakis, A. (2010) Hybrid MPI/Pthreads Parallelization of the RAxML Phylogenetics Code. In: Parallel & Distributed Processing, Workshops and Phd Forum (IPDPSW), 2010 IEEE International Symposium on, IEEE, Atlanta, pp. 1–8.

Ward, R.D., Zemlak, T.S., Innes, B.H., Last, P.R. & Hebert, P.D.N. (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 360 (1462), 1847–1856.

Webb, K.E., Barnes, D.K., Clark, M.S. & Bowden, D.A. (2006) DNA barcoding: A molecular tool to identify Antarctic marine larvae. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 53 (8–10), 1053–1060.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa