Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Review of the millipede genus Epanerchodus Attems, 1901 in continental China, with descriptions of new species (Diplopoda: Polydesmidae)



Four new species of Epanerchodus are described from mainland China: E. jaegeri sp. nov. and E. martensi sp. nov., both sympatric and even partly syntopic in Shaanxi, E. schawalleri sp. nov., from Sichuan, and E. yunnanensis sp. nov., from Yunnan. In addition, E. koreanus Verhoeff, 1937 is formally new to the fauna of China due to fresh samples from Jilin. A key is presented to all 14 unquestioned species of Epanerchodus currently known from mainland China.


Epanerchodus, taxonomy, key, China

Full Text:

PDF/A (3.93 MB)


Chen, J.X. & Zhang, C.Z. (1990) [A cave-dwelling new species of the diplopod genus Epanerchodus from Guizhou Province (Polydesmida: Polydesmidae)]. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 15, 406–409. [in Chinese, English summary]

Geoffroy, J.-J. & Golovatch, S.I. (2004) Some polydesmidan millipedes from caves in southern China (Diplopoda: Polydesmida), with descriptions of four new species. Arthropoda Selecta, 13 (1–2), 19–28.

Golovatch, S.I. (1991) The millipede family Polydesmidae in Southeast Asia, with notes on phylogeny (Diplopoda: Polydesmida). Steenstrupia, 17 (4), 141–159.

Golovatch, S.I., Geoffroy, J.-J. & Mauriès, J.-P. (2007) Several new or poorly known cavernicolous millipedes (Diplopoda) from southern China. Arthropoda Selecta, 15 (2), 81–89. [for 2006]

Golovatch, S.I., Mikhaljova, E.V. & Chang, H.W. (2011) The millipede family Polydesmidae in Taiwan, with descriptions of five new species (Polydesmida, Diplopoda). In: Golovatch, S.I. & Mesibov, R. (Eds.), Advances in the Systematics of Diplopoda III. ZooKeys, 93, 9–42.

Golovatch, S.I., Liu, W.X., Li, Y.B. & Geoffroy, J.-J. (2012) One new and two little-known species of the millipede family Polydesmidae from southern China (Diplopoda: Polydesmida). Arthropoda Selecta, 21 (2), 131–136.

Mikhaljova, E.V. (2004) The millipedes (Diplopoda) of the Asian part of Russia. Sofia–Moscow, Pensoft, 292 pp.

Pocock, R.I. (1895) Report upon the Chilopoda and Diplopoda obtained by P. W. Bassett-Smith, Esq., Surgeon R. N., and J. J. Walker, Esq., R. N., during the cruise in the Chinese seas of H. M. S. “Penguin”, Commander W. U. Moore commanding. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 6, 15, 346–372.

Zhang, C.Z. & Chen, Z.P. (1983) A new species of the genus Epanerchodus (Diplopoda Polydesmidae) from Zhejiang Province. Acta Zhejiang Teacher’s College (Natural Sciences), 6, 87–89. [in Chinese, English summary]

Zhang, C.Z. & Wang, D.Q. (1992) [Identification of soil animals. 9. Arthropoda. 2. Diplopoda]. In: Yin, W.Y. (Ed.), Subtropical Soil Animals of China. Beijing, Science Press, pp. 374–383. [in Chinese]

span �p=N�$��='font-size:9.5pt;mso-font-width: 100%;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;font-weight:normal'>Munis Entomology & Zoology, 3 (1), 523–535.

Katılmış, Y. & Kıyak, S. (2011) Oakgallwasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) fauna of inner-western Anatolian. Mun. Ent. Zool. 6 (2), 735–757.

Melika, G. (2006) Gall Wasps of Ukraine. Cynipidae. Vestnik zoologii, 21 (1–2), 1–300, 301–644.

Melika, G., Pujade-Villar, J., Abe, Y., Tang, C.-T., Nicholls, J., Wachi, N., Ide T., Yang, M.-M., Pénzes, Z., Csóka, G. & Stone, G.N. (2010) Palaearctic oak gallwasps galling oaks (Quercus) in the section Cerris: re-appraisal of generic limits, with descriptions of new genera and species (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini). Zootaxa 2470, 1–79.

Melika, G. & Stone, G.N. (2001) A new species of cynipid gall wasp from Turkey (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 62, 127–131.

Melika, G., Stone, G.N., Sadeghi, S.E. & Pujade-Villar, J. (2004) New species of cynipid gall wasps from Iran and Turkey (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini). Acta Zoologica Hungarica, 50 (2), 139–151.

Mutun, S. & Dinç, S. (2011) Contributions to the gallwasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) fauna of Turkey with a new record. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 5 (3), 83– 85.

Rokas, A., Melika, G., Abe, Y., Nieves-Aldrey, J.L., Cook, J.M. & Stone, G.N. (2003) Lifecycle closure, lineage sorting, and hybridization revealed in a phylogenetic analysis of European oak gall wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini) using mitochondrial sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 26 (2003), 36–45.

Stone, G.N., Atkinson, R.J., Rokas, A., Nieves-Aldrey, J.-L., Melika, G., Ács, Z., Csóka, G., Hayward, A., Bailey, R., Buckee, C. & McVean, G.A.T. (2008) Evidence for widespread cryptic sexual generations in apparently asexual Andricus gallwasps. Molecular Ecology, 17, 652–665.

Stone, G.N. & Cook, J.M. (1998) The structure of cynipid oak galls: patterns in the evolution of an extended phenotype. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Ser. B 265, 979–988.

Yaltırık, F. (1984) Türkiye meşeleri teşhis kılavuzu. Yenilik basımevi. İstanbul.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa