Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3765.5.5

A new species of the genus Rhabdophis Fitzinger, 1843 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Guangdong Province, southern China

GUANG-XIANG ZHU, YING-YONG WANG, HIROHIKO TAKEUCHI, ER-MI ZHAO

Abstract


A new species, Rhabdophis guangdongensis sp. nov., is described from the Guangdong Province, China. It can be easily distinguished from other known congeners by cyt b and c-mos sequences, and by the following combination of morphological characters: body size small; head distinct from the neck; 20 maxillary teeth, the three most posterior teeth strongly enlarged, and not separated by diastemata from other teeth; six supralabials, the third and fourth touching the eye; seven infralabials, the first four in contact with anterior chin shields; dorsal scales in 15 rows throughout the body, weakly keeled, the outer row smooth; 126 ventrals; 39 paired subcaudals; anal scale divided; 44 pairs of narrow dorsolateral black cross-bars on body and 15 pairs on tail; body and tail with two dorsolateral longitudinal brownish-red lines, respectively with a series of white spots in cross-bars. The description of this new species brings the total number of described species of this genus to 21 and represents the tenth known Rhabdophis species in China.


Keywords


Colubridae, morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA, taxonomy

Full Text:

PDF/A (5.10 MB)

References


Boulenger, G.A. (1900) On the reptiles, batrachians and fishes collected by the late MR.. John Whithead in the interior of Hainan. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pp. 956–962.

Boulenger, G.A. (1893) Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. I. Taylor and Francis, London, pp. 218–264.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.8316

Bourret, R. (1935) Notes herpétologiques sur l'Indochine francaise. X. Les serpents de la station d’altitude du Tam-dao. Bulletin Général de L’instruction publique, (14e Année, 8 avril): 259–271. [reprint: 1–13]

Burbrink, F.T., Lawson, R. & Slowinski, J.B. (2000) Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of the polytypic North American rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta): a critique of the subspecies concept. Evolution, 54 (6), 2107–2118.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2000.tb01253.x

Das, I. (2010) A field guide to the reptiles of south-east Asia. New Holland Publisher. London, UK, 376 pp.

David, P. & Vogel, G. (2010) A new species of the natricine snake genus Amphiesma from Borneo (squamata: natricidae). Russian Journal of Herpetology, 17 (2), 121–127.

de Lang, R. & Vogel, G. (2006) The Snakes of Sulawesi. In: Vences, M., Köhler, J., Ziegler, T. & Böhme, W. (Eds.), Herpetologica Bonnensis, II, Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the societas europaea herpetological, pp. 35–38.

de Queiroz, A., Lawson, R. & Lemos-Espinal, J.A. (2002) Phylogenetic relationships of North American garter snakes (Thamnophis) based on four mitochondrial genes: how much DNA is enough? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 22 (2), 315–329.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/mpev.2001.1074

Farris, J.S., Kallersjo, M., Kluge, A.G. & Bult, C. (1995) Testing significance of incongruence. Cladistics, 10, 315–319.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.1994.tb00181.x

Günther, A. (1864) The Reptiles of British India. Ray Society by Robert Hardwicke, London, 544 pp.

Günther, A. (1858) Catalogue of Colubrine Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum. Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, London, 303 pp.

Jiang, Y.M. & Zhao, E.M. (1983) Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles of Mt. Gongga region, Sichuan, China, III. A study of species-group nuchalis, genus Rhabdophis. Acta Herpetological Sinica, 2 (1), 59–62.

Lawson, R., Slowinski, J.B., Crother, B.I. & Burbrink, F.T. (2005) Phylogeny of the Colubroidea (Serpentes): new evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 37, 581–601.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2005.07.016

Leviton, A.E. (1970) Description of a new subspecies of Rhabdophis auriculata in the Philippines, with comments on the zoogeography of Mindanao Island. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 38, 347–362.

Malnate, E.V. & Underwood, G. (1988) Australasian natricine snakes of the genus Tropidonophis. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 140 (1), 59–201.

Malnate, E.V. (1960) Systematic division and evolution of the colubrid snake genus Natrix, with comments on the subfamily natricinae. Proceeding of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 114 (8), 151–199.

Nylander, J.A.A., Ronquist, F., Huelsenbeck, J.P. & Nieves-Aldrey, J.L. (2004) Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of combined data. Systematic Biology, 53, 47–67.

Ronquist, F.R. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian inference of phylogeny under mixed models. Bioinformatics, 19, 1572–1574.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg180

Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. & Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual, 2nd edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, 1659 pp.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-7799(91)90068-s

Slowinski, J.B. & Lawson, R. (2002) Snake phylogeny: evidence from nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 24, 194–202.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1055-7903(02)00239-7

Smith, H.M. (1943) The fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III. Serpentes, Taylor and Francis, London, 583 pp.

Stuebing, R.B. & Lian, T.F. (2002) Note on the fire-lipped keelback Rhabdophis murudenis (smith, 1925) (Ophidia:Colubridae:Natricinae) from northern Borneo. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 50 (1), 227–230.

Swofford, D.L. (2003) PAUP* bv10: Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (* and other methods) v. 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA, 144 pp.

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M. & Kumar, S. (2011) MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28, 2731–2739.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121

Taylor, E.H. (1966) The snakes of the Philippine Islands. A. Asher & Co. Amsterdam, 312 pp. [reprint]

Thompson, J.D., Gibson, T.J., Plewniak, F., Jeanmougin, F. & Higgins, D. (1997) The CLUSTAL_X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Research, 25, 4876–4882.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/25.24.4876

Tweedie, M.W.F. (1957) The snakes of Malaya. Authority Government printing office, Singapore, 143 pp.

Wall, F. (1923) Notes on a collection of snakes from Sinlum kaba. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 29 (2), 466–468.

Zhao, E.M. (1995) Taxonomic Status of Some Snake Species and Subspecies. Journal of Shuzhou Railway Teachers College, 12 (2), 36–39. [in Chinese]

Zhao, E.M. (1997) A New Species of Rhabdophis (Serpentes:Colubridea) from Hainan Island, China. Asiatic Herpetological Research, 7, 166–169.

Zhao, E.M. & Adler, K. (1993) Herpetology of China. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Oxford, Ohio, 522 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853895x00523

Zhao, E.M. (2006) Snakes of China. Anhui Science and Technology Publishing House, Hefei, China, 501 pp. [in Chinese]

Zhao, E.M. & Jiang, Y.M. (1981) Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles of Mt. Gongga Shan, Sichuan, China, I. A new species and a new subspecies of snakes from Sichuan (in Chinese). Asiatic Herpetological Research, 5 (7), 53–58.

Zhao, E.M. & Jiang, Y.M. (1986) The division and draft Chinese name of the genus Natrix sensu lato which distribution in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research, 2 (1), 1–23. [in Chinese]

Zhao, E.M., Huang, M.H. & Zong, Y. (1998) Fauna Sinica: Reptilia. Vol. 3. Squamata Serpentes. Science Press, Beijing, 570 pp. [in Chinese]


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa