Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


New species of Monodontocerus (Collembola: Tomoceridae) from southern China with diagnostic notes on the genus and introduction of new taxonomic characters



Three new species of Monodontocerus are described from caves in southern China: M. absens sp. nov. is characterized by its cephalic chaetotaxy and the absence of chaetae from the tenaculum; M. mulunensis sp. nov. is characterized by a combination of characters including chaetotaxy, foot complex and furca; M. trigrandis sp. nov. is different from other species in the formula of dental spines and the reduction of the ungual teeth. A key to the species of Monodontocerus is provided. Potential diagnostic characters for this genus are proposed. Troglomorphy and interspecific variability are discussed. Pseudopores and the dorsal disto-lateral chaeta on the manubrium are introduced as new taxonomic characters for Tomocerinae.



cave, taxonomy, interspecific variability, identification key, new characters

Full Text:

PDF/A (2.08 MB)


Börner, C. (1901) Űber einige theilweise neue Collembolen aus den Höhlen der Gegend von Letmathe in Westfalen. Zoologische Anzeiger, 24, 333–345.

Cassagnau, P. (1958) Faune française des Collemboles VIII. Sur la presence en France du genre Tritomurus Frauenfeld. Notes Biospéologiques, 13, 121–124.

Chen, J.X. & Ma, Y.T. (1997) A new species of the genus Tomocerus (s. s.) (Collembola: Tomoceridae) from China. Entomotaxonomia, 19, 157–160.

Christiansen, K. (1964) A revision of the Nearctic members of the genus Tomocerus (Collembola: Entomobryidae). Revue d'Ecologie et de Biologie du Sol, 1, 668–675.

Deharveng, L. (1983) Morphologie evolutive des Collemboles Neanurinae en particulier de la lignée Neanurienne. Travaux du Laboratoire d'Ecobiologie des Arthropodes Edaphiques, Toulouse, 4, 1–63.

Denis, J.R. (1929) Notes sur les Collemboles récoltés dans ses voyages par le Prof. F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio Di Zoologia Generale E Agraria Della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici, 22, 166–180.

Denis, J.R. (1932) Sur la faune française des Aptérygotes. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale, 74, 357–383.

Denis, J.R. (1948) Collemboles d'Indochine. Notes d'Entomologie Chinoise, 12, 183–311.

Fjellberg, A. (1999) The labial palp in Collembola. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 237, 309–330.

Fjellberg, A. (2007) The Collembola of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Part II: Entomobryomorpha and Symphypleona. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, 42, 1–264.

Folsom, J.W. (1899) Japanese Collembola. Part II. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 34, 261–274.

Folsom, J.W. (1913) North American spring-tails of the sub-family Tomocerinae. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 46, 451–472.

Jordana, R., Baquero, E., Reboleira, S. & Sendra, A. (2012) Reviews of the genera Schaefferia Absolon, 1900, Deuteraphorura Absolon, 1901, Plutomurus Yosii, 1956 and the Anurida Laboulbène, 1865 species group without eyes, with the description of four new species of cave springtails (Collembola) from Krubera-Voronya cave, Arabika Massif, Abkhazia. Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, 5, 35–85.

Kniss, V. & Thibaud, J.M. (1999) Le Genre Plutomurus en Russie et en Georgie (Collembola, Tomocerudae). Revue francaise d'Entomologie, 21, 57–64.

Lukić, M., Houssin. C. & Deharveng, L. (2010) A new relictual and highly troglomorphic species of Tomoceridae (Collembola) from a deep Croatian cave. Zookeys, 69, 1–16.

Ma, Y.T. (2011) A new species of Tomocerus (Collembola: Tomoceridae) from China. Zootaxa, 2756, 61–64.

Martynova, E.F. (1969) Springtails of the family Tomoceridae (Collembola) from the fauna of the USSR. Revue d'Entomologie de l'URSS, 48, 299–314.

Martynova, E.F. (1977) Springtails of the family Tomoceridae (Collembola) from the fauna of the Far East. Insect Fauna of the Far East, 46, 3–16.

Nicolet, H. (1842) Recherches pour servir á l'histoire des Podurelles. Nouveau Mémoires de la Société Helvetique des Sciences Naturelles, 6, 1–88.

Paclt, J. (1944) Nomina nova in Collembola. Entomologické listy, 7, 12.

Park, K.H. & Lee, B.H. (1995) Tomocerid Collembola (Insecta) from Korean caves including a new species. The Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology, 11, 435–445.

Park, K.H., Bernard, E.C. & Moulton, J.K. (2011) Three new species of Pogonognathellus (Collembola: Tomoceridae) from North America. Zootaxa, 3070, 1–14.

Suma, Y. (1981) A new humicolous species of Plutomurus (Collembola, Tomoceridae) from Hokkaido, North Japan. Kontyû, 49, 502–505.

Tullberg, T. (1871) Förteckning öfver Svenska Podurider. Őfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 28, 143–155.

Wang, T.L., Yu, D.Y. & Zhang, F. (2013) Two new species of Pogonognathellus (Collembola: Tomoceridae) from China, with a discussion of East Asian species. Journal of Natural History, 47, 1243–1255.

Yosii, R. (1954) Springschwänze des Ozé-Naturschutzgebietes. Scientific Researches of the Ozegahara Moor, 777–830.

Yosii, R. (1955) Meeresinsekten der Tokara Inseln. 4. Collembolen nebst beschreibungen terrestrischer formen. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 4, 379–401.

Sun, Y. & Liang, A.P. (2009) One new species of the genus Monodontocerus (Collembola, Tomoceridae) from China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 34, 32–34.

Yosii, R. (1956) Monographie zur Höhlencollembolen Japans. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory Kyoto University, 3, 1–109.

Yosii, R. (1967) Studies on the Collembolan family Tomoceridae, with special reference to Japanese forms. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory Kyoto University, 20, 1–54.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa