Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3778.1.1

Tenuipalpidae (Acari: Trombidiformes) from Casuarinaceae (Fagales)

JENNIFER J. BEARD, OWEN D. SEEMAN, GARY R. BAUCHAN

Abstract


The Tenuipalpidae associated with the Casuarinaceae are reviewed, including one new genus, Palpipalpus gen. nov., twelve new species, and seven redescriptions. Two new generic records for Australia are established, Pentamerismus and Philippipalpus. The new species are: Chaudhripalpus costacola Beard and Seeman sp. nov., Crossipalpus gersoni Beard and Seeman sp. nov., Crossipalpus raveni Beard and Seeman sp. nov., Magdalenapalpus caperatus Beard and Seeman sp. nov., Magdalenapalpus forsteri Seeman and Beard sp. nov., Pentamerismus sititoris Beard and Seeman sp. nov., Pentamerismus hicklingorum Seeman and Beard sp. nov., Pentamerismus wardo Seeman and Beard sp. nov., Palpipalpus hesperius Beard and Seeman sp. nov. gen. nov., Philippipalpus flumaquercus Beard and Seeman sp. nov., Philippipalpus belah Beard and Seeman sp. nov., and Philippipalpus nigraquercus Seeman and Beard sp. nov.  Meyeraepalpus delfinadae Smiley et al., is reinstated based on new material and an analysis of its phylogenetic relationships. Crossipalpus muellerianae Smiley et al., Crossipalpus verticillatae Smiley et al., and Tegopalpus conicus Womersley are redescribed and rediagnosed from the original type specimens and newly collected material; and Chaudhripalpus creelae (Smiley et al.), Magdalenapalpus strandtmanni (Smiley et al.) and Philippipalpus agohoi Corpuz-Raros are redescribed and rediagnosed from type material only. All flat mite species were host-specific. Up to three species of flat mite were collected from a single she-oak species. Leg setation and ontogeny are reviewed for the taxa studied. A key to Tenuipalpidae from Casuarinaceae is provided. A phylogeny of the subfamily Tegopalpinae found the following relationships: Meyeraepalpus (Australopalpus, Crossipalpus, Palpipalpus (Magdalenapalpus (Philippipalpus (Chaudhripalpus + Tegopalpus)))). Our preliminary analysis of the Tegopalpinae suggested the group is monophyletic and its sister group is Phytoptipalpus.


Keywords


taxonomy, systematics, revision, new species, key, she-oak

Full Text:

PDF/A (42.94 MB)

References


Baker, E.W. (1945) Mites of the genus Tenuipalpus (Acarina: Trichadenidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 47 (2), 33–38.

Baker, E.W. & Pritchard, A.E. (1956) False spider mites of the genus Dolichotetranychus (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Hilgardia, 24, 359–381.

Baker, E.W. & Pritchard, A.E. (1962) Macfarlaniella, a new genus of false spider mites (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Fieldiana Zoology, 44, 123–125.

Beard, J.J., Fan, Q-H. & Walter, D.E. (2005) A new genus and two new species of Tenuipalpidae (Prostigmata: Tetranychoidea) from an Australian sedge. Acarologia, 45, 161–181.

Beard, J.J. & Gerson, U. (2009) A new flat mite genus, Acaricis (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae), from Australian sedges (Cyperaceae). Zootaxa, 2073, 31–44.

Beard, J.J. & Ochoa, R. (2011) New flat mite genera (Acari: Trombidiformes: Tenuipalpidae) associated with Australian sedges (Cyperaceae). Zootaxa, 2941, 1–37.

Beard, J.J., Ochoa, R., Bauchan, G.R., Trice, M.D., Redford, A.J., Walters, T.W. & Mitter, C. (2013) Flat Mites of the World. Edition 2. Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA Fort Collins, Colorado. Available from: www.idtools.org/id/mites/flatmites/index.php (accessed 1 June 2013)

Beard, J.J. & Walter, D.E. (2005) A new species of Tuckerella (Prostigmata: Tetranychoidea: Tuckerellidae) from Australia with descriptions of all stages and a discussion of the tritonymphal stage. Acarologia, 45, 49–60.

Beard, J.J. & Walter, D.E. (2010) New spider mite genus (Prostigmata: Tetranychidae) from Australia and New Zealand, with a discussion of Yezonychus Ehara. Zootaxa, 2578, 1–24.

Collyer, E. (1969) A new species of Aegyptobia (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Science, 12, 815–816.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00779962.1973.9723026

Corpuz-Raros, L.A. (1978) New Philippine Tetranychoidea (Acarina). Kalikasan, Philippines Journal of Biology, 7 (3), 211–230.

Ewing, H.E. (1917) New Acarina part II. Descriptions of new species and varieties from Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 37, 149–172.

Grandjean, F. (1939) Les segments post-larvaires de l’hystérosoma chez les Oribates (Acariens). Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 64, 273–284.

Grandjean, F. (1958) Sur le comportement et la notation des poils accessoires postérieurs aux tarses des Nothroides et d’autres Acariens. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 96, 277–308.

Hirst, S. (1924) LV. On some new species of red spider. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser. 9), 14, 522–527.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222932408633151

Johnson, L.A.S. & Wilson, K.L. (1989) Casuarinaceae: a synopsis. In: Crane, P.R. & Blackmore, S. (Eds.), Evolution, Systematics, and Fossil History of the Hamamelidae, Volume 2: “Higher Hamamelidae.” Systematics Association Special Volume No. 40B, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 167–188.

Kane, E.C. (2003) A maximum parsimony phylogeny of the mite family Tenuipalpidae (Acari: Tetranychoidea) based on setal characters. Master of Science Thesis, University of Maryland, USA.

Khanjani, M., Khanjani, M. & Seeman, O.D. (2012a) The false spider mites of the genera Aegyptobia Sayed and Phytoptipalpus Trägårdh (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) from Iran. Zootaxa, 3295, 30–58.

Khanjani, M., Khanjani, M., Saboori, A. & Seeman, O.D. (2012b) Three new false spider mites of the genus Pseudoleptus Bruyant (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) from Iran. Zootaxa, 3297, 41–56.

Lindquist, E.E. (1985a). External anatomy. In: Helle, W. & Sabelis, M.W. (Eds.), Spider mites: their biology, natural enemies and control. Vol. 1A. Chapter 1.1 Anatomy, Phylogeny and Systematics. Elsevier Science Publishers. B.V., Amsterdam. pp. 3–28.

Lindquist, E.E. (1985b) Diagnosis and phylogenetic relationships. In: Helle, W. & Sabelis, M.W. (Eds.), Spider mites: their biology, natural enemies and control. Vol. 1A. Chapter 1.1 Anatomy, Phylogeny and Systematics. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam. pp. 63–74.

Meyer, M.K.P. & Van Dis, J.C.S. (1993) Notes on some species of the related genera Aegyptobia Sayed, Phytoptipalpus Trägårdh and Pentamerismus McGregor, with descriptions of eight new species. Genus, 4, 309–357.

Mesa, N.C., Ochoa, R., Welbourn, W.C., Evans, G.A. & Moraes, G.J. de (2009) A catalog of the Tenuipalpidae (Acari) of the world with a key to genera. Zootaxa, 2098, 1–185.

McGregor, E.A. (1949) Nearctic mites of the family Pseudoleptidae. Memoir of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 3, 1–45.

Navajas, M. & Ochoa, R. (2013) Integrating ecology and genetics to address Acari invasions. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 59, 1–10.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9636-8

Nixon, K.C. (1999) ‘Winclada (BETA) ver. 0.9.9.’ (Published by the author: Ithica, NY, USA).

Quirós-González, M. (1985) A systematic and phylogenetic analysis of the world genera of Tenuipalpidae Berlese (Acari: Tetranychoidea). PhD Dissertation, University of Maryland, 429 pp.

Rimando, L.C. (1962) The tetranychoid mites of the Philippines. College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines, Laguna, Technical Bulletin, 11, 1–52.

Saito, Y., Kotaro, M. & Chittenden, A.R. (1999) Body characters reflecting the body size of spider mites in flattened specimens (Acari, Tetranychidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 34 (3), 383–386.

Sayed, M.T. (1950) Description of a new genus and two new species of the family Tenuipalpidae (Actinedida: Acaridia). Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of Entomology, Stockholm, Sweden, 1018–1021.

Seeman, O.D. & Beard, J.J. (2011) A new species of Aegyptobia (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) from Myrtaceae in Australia. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 16, 73–89.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11158/saa.16.1.10

Smiley, R.L. & Gerson, U. (1995) A review of the Tenuipalpidae (Prostigmata) of Australia with descriptions of two new genera and four new species. International Journal of Acarology, 21, 33–45.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01647959508684041

Smiley, R.L. & Gerson, U. (1996) Observations on the Tenuipalpidae (Prostigmata) and new subfamily classification. Proceedings Acarology, Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus, 1, 367–371.

Smiley, R.L., Frost, W.E. & Gerson, U. (1996) A revision of the subfamily Tegopalpinae, with the description of two new genera and five new species (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). International Journal of Acarology, 22 (3), 167–180.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01647959608684092

Sorenson, M.D. (1999) ‘TreeRot, version 2.’ (Boston University: Boston, MA, USA.).

Steane, D.A., Wilson, K.L. & Hill, R.S. (2003) Using matK sequence data to unravel the phylogeny of Casuarinaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 28, 47–59.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1055-7903(03)00028-9

Swafford, D.L. (2002) ‘PAUP* Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (* and other methods). Version 4.’ (Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA, USA.).

Taylor, G.T., Austin, A.D., Jennings, J.T., Purcell, M.F. & Wheeler, G.S. (2010) Casuarinicola, a new genus of jumping plant lice (Hemiptera: Triozidae) from Casuarina (Casuarinaceae). Zootaxa, 2601, 1–27.

Taylor, G.T., Jennings, J.T., Purcell, M.F. & Austin, A.D. (2011) A new genus and ten new species of jumping plant lice (Hemiptera: Triozidae) from Allocasuarina (Casuarinaceae) in Australia. Zootaxa, 2009, 1–45.

Van der Hammen, L. (1980) Glossary of acarological terminology. Vol 1. General Terminology. Dr W. Junk B.V., The Hague, 244 pp

Walter, D.E. & Krantz, G.W. (2009) Collection, rearing, and preparing specimens. In: Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (Eds.), A Manual of Acarology, Third Edition. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, Texas, pp. 83–96.

Welbourn, W.C., Ochoa, R., Kane, E.C. & Erbe, E.F. (2003) Morphological observations on Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) including comparisons with B. californicus and B. obovatus. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 30, 107–133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:appa.0000006545.40017.a0

Womersley, H. (1940) Studies in Australian Acarina Tetranychidae and Trichadenidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 64, 233–265.

Xu, Y. & Fan, Q.-H. (2010) Tenuipalpus orilloi Rimando, a new record to the Chinese fauna (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). Systematic and Applied Acarology, 15, 135–138.

Zhang, Z.-Q. & Fan, Q.-H. (2004) Redescription of Dolichotetranychus ancistrus Baker and Pritchard (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) from New Zealand. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 9, 111–131.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa