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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3792.2.1

Dryinidae of the Neotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea)

Massimo Olmi, EDUARDO G. VIRLA

Abstract


An updated revision of Neotropical Dryinidae is presented. Seven subfamilies, 23 genera and 502 species are treated. Descriptions, geographic distribution, known hosts, natural enemies and type material of each species are presented, together with illustrations of the main morphological characters and keys to the subfamilies, genera and species. Complete lists of references concerning the Neotropical Dryinidae and their hosts are given. A new genus Peckius Olmi & Virla, gen. nov. (type species Peckius insularis Olmi & Virla, sp. nov.) (subfamily Apodryininae) is described. The following eleven new species are described: Anteon xochipalense Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Mexico, Guerrero), Deinodryinus levigatus Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Peru, Lamabayeque), Deinodryinus xanthonotatus Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (French Guiana), Dryinus semiruber Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Argentina, Corrientes), Dryinus valens Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Dominican Republic, Pedernales), Dryinus xanthopus Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (French Guiana), Megadryinus cacaonis Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Brazil, São Paulo), Gonatopus isabelensis Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Ecuador, Galapagos Islands), Gonatopus villamilensis Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Ecuador, Galapagos Islands), Neodryinus mayanus Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Honduras), and Peckius insularis Olmi & Virla, sp. nov. (Ecuador, Galapagos Islands). The following new synonymies are presented: Deinodryinus kawensis Olmi 2011b (April) (=D. caxiuana Coelho, Aguiar & Engel, 2011 (June), syn. nov.); Dryinus gibbosus Olmi, 1984 (=D. multicarinatus Coelho, Aguiar & Engel, 2011, syn. nov.); Dryinus striatus (Fenton, 1927) (=D. sinopensis Olmi, 1984, syn. nov.; =D. cerrensis Olmi, 2004a, syn. nov.); Gonatopus Ljungh, 1810 (=Trichogonatopus Kieffer, 1909, syn. nov.); Eucamptonyx dromedarius (Cameron 1888) (=E. hansoni Olmi, 1991, syn. nov.); Haplogonatopus hernandezae Olmi, 1984 (=H. crucianus Olmi, 1986, syn. nov.). The following new combinations are proposed: Eucamptonyx dromedarius (Cameron, 1888), comb. nov. (from Gonatopus); Gonatopus goiasensis (Olmi 1991), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus); G. hispidus (Olmi 1984), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus); G. longinoi (Olmi, 1998d), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus); G. marinoae (Virla, 1997), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus); G. neotropicus (Olmi, 1984), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus); G. raptor (Fenton, 1927), comb. nov. (from Chalcogonatopus); G. rubriceps (Kieffer, 1909), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus); G. stellaris (Virla, 1997), comb. nov. (from Trichogonatopus). The male of Crovettia brasiliana Olmi 1984, is described for the first time.

 


Keywords


taxonomy, revision, Neotropical region, descriptions, hosts, distribution, type material, keys, depositories

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References


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Olmi, M. (1991[“1989”]) Supplement to the revision of the world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 12 (25), 109–395.

Olmi, M. (1992a) Contribution to the knowledge of the Gonatopodinae (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Bollettino dell’Istituto di Entomologia dell’Università di Bologna, 46, 109–122.

Olmi, M. (1992b) New records of Dryinidae from Nicaragua and a description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Revista Nicaraguense de Entomologia, 21, 26-30.

Olmi, M. (1992c) New species of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera). Acta Zoologica Hungarica, 38, 281–292.

Olmi, M. (1993a) Dryinidae di Costa Rica: catalogo e considerazioni biogeografiche ed evolutive (Hym. Chrysidoidea). Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana, Genova, 124, 186–200.

Olmi, M. (1993b) A new generic classification for Thaumatodryininae, Dryininae and Gonatopodinae, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Bollettino di Zoologia agraria e di Bachicoltura, Ser. II, 25, 57–89.

Olmi, M. (1993c [“1992”]) Descriptions of new taxa of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 15 (28), 19–62.

Olmi, M. (1994a) Descrizione di Gonatopus vidanoi, nuova specie del Cile, e del maschio di Gonatopus lacualis Olmi (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Memorie della Società entomologica italiana, Genova, 72, 327–330.

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Olmi, M. (1995c) Description de trois nouvelles espèces de Dryinidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Revue française d’Entomologie (N.S.), 17, 133–136.

Olmi, M. (1995d) Dryinids and Embolemids in amber (Hymenoptera Dryinidae et Embolemidae). Redia, 78, 253–271.

Olmi, M. (1995e) Contribution to the knowledge of the world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Phytophaga, 6, 3–54.

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Olmi, M. (1996a) Eucamptonyx garcetei n. sp., nuova specie di Dryinidae del Paraguay (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana, Genova, 128, 65–68.

Olmi, M. (1996b) Systematics of the genera Echthrodelphax and Mercetia (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington, 17, 179–182.

Olmi, M. (1996c) Taxonomic remarks on American Dryinidae, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Redia, 79, 57–81.

Olmi, M. (1998a) A contribution to the knowledge of the Dryinidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Lambillionea, 98, 49–59.

Olmi, M. (1998b) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) and Strepsiptera of Mozambique. Oriental Insects, 32, 59–78.
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Olmi, M. (1998c) Gonatopus orangensis: a new species of Dryinidae from South Africa (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Tropical Zoology, 11, 177–181.
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Olmi, M. (1998d [“1997”]) New Embolemidae and Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N. S., 20 (33), 30–118.

Olmi, M. (1998e [“1997”]) New Oriental and Neotropic Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N. S., 20 (33), 152–167.

Olmi, M. (1999a) Descrizione di due nuove specie di Dryinidae del Sud America (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana, Genova, 131 (1), 77–82.

Olmi, M. (1999b) Hymenoptera Dryinidae-Embolemidae. Fauna d’Italia, XXXVII. Edizioni Calderini, Bologna, Italy, 425 pp.

Olmi, M. (1999c) A new species of Anteon Jurine from Venezuela (Hym., Dryinidae). The Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 135, 213–214.

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Olmi, M. (1999e) Remarks on new Neotropical and Australian Dryinidae, with a new synonymy (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Redia, 82, 1–15.

Olmi, M. (2000a) Bio-ecologia degli Imenotteri Driinidi e loro impiego in programmi di lotta biologica. In: Lucchi, A. (Ed.), La Metcalfa negli ecosistemi italiani. ARSIA, Firenze, pp. 93–117.

Olmi, M. (2000b [“1998”]) New fossil Dryinidae from Baltic and Lebanese amber (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 21 (34), 48–67.

Olmi, M. (2000c [“1998”]) New species of Oriental Anteon, with new synonymies (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 21 (34), 68–74.

Olmi, M. (2003 [“2001”]) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 24 (37), 21–49.

Olmi, M. (2004a) New species of Dryinidae from Colombia (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Spixiana, 27, 147–154.

Olmi, M. (2004b) Description de deux nouvelles espèces de Dryinidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Revue française d’Entomologie, N.S., 26 (4), 179–181.

Olmi, M. (2005a) A new fossil dryinid in amber from the Dominican Republic: Harpactosphecion scheveni n. sp. (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 26–27 (39–40), 15–19.

Olmi, M. (2005b) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae of the Neotropical and Australian regions (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Spixiana, 28 (3), 271–280.

Olmi, M. (2006) Familia Dryinidae. In: Hanson P.E. & Gauld I.D. (Eds.), Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 77, pp. 556–566.

Olmi, M. (2007a) New species of Afrotropical Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new genus and a new subfamily. African Invertebrates, 48 (2), 199–232.

Olmi, M. (2007b) Apodryininae of Madagascar and South Africa (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 30 (43), 1–46.

Olmi, M. (2008a) Descriptions of two new species of Dryinidae (Hym.) from Laos and India, with remarks on Anteon clavatum Olmi & Currado. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 144, 151–155.

Olmi, M. (2008b) New species of Dryinidae (Hym.) from the Neotropical region. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 144, 217–227.

Olmi, M. (2010 [“2008”]) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae from the Oriental, Nearctic, Neotropical and Australian regions (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N. S., 31 (44), 11–34.

Olmi, M. (2011a [“2009”]) Catalogue of Dryinidae of Brazil (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 32 (45), 1–29.

Olmi, M. (2011b [“2009”]) A contribution to the knowledge of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N. S., 32 (45), 43–76.

Olmi, M. (2012 [“2010”]) Descriptions of new species of Dryinidae from the Neotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica, N.S., 33 (46), 28–50.

Olmi, M. & Bechly, G. (2001) New parasitic wasps from Baltic amber (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B, Nr. 306, 1–58.

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Olmi, M. & Currado, I. (1976) Gonatopodinae extraeuropei conservati nel Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 81, 165–194.

Olmi, M. & Currado, I. (1979a) Anteoninae conservati nel Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 82, 340–349.

Olmi, M. & Currado, I. (1979b) Revisione del genere Haplogonatopus R.C.L. Perkins (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Annali della Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie dell’Università di Torino, 11, 37–44.

Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2010a) Description of Erwiniinae, new subfamily of Dryinidae from Ecuador (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 2605, 56–62.

Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2010b) Revision of Nearctic species of Lonchodryinus Kieffer 1905, with description of a new species from New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Zootaxa, 2654, 30–40.

Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2010c) Revision of Nearctic species of Esagonatopus, with description of a new species from Florida (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae). ZooKeys, 70, 57–66.
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Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2011) Revision of fossil species of Dryinus belonging to lamellatus group, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae). ZooKeys, 130, 505–514.
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Olmi, M. & Guglielmino, A. (2012) A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae from Late Eocene Baltic amber (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new subfamily, Protodryininae subfam.nov. Zootaxa, 3351, 15–26.

Olmi, M., Guglielmino, A. & Vollaro, M. (2011) Revision of fossil species of Dryinus belonging to constans group, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Zootaxa, 2981, 43–55.

Olmi, M., Rasnitsyn, A. P. & Guglielmino, A. (2010) Revision of rock fossils of Dryinidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 2499, 21–38.

Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of the Dryinidae of Argentina (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Phytophaga, 4, 57–67.

Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. (2004) Description of two new species of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Argentina. Zootaxa, 709, 1–7.

Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. (2006) Familia Dryinidae. In: Fernández F. & Sharkey M.J. (Eds.), Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. Sociedad Colombiana de Entomologia y Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D.C., pp. 401–418.

Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. (2008) A new species of Anteon (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) from Argentina. Florida Entomologist, 91 (2), 159–161.
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Olmi, M., Virla, E.G. & Fernández, F. (2000) Las Avispas Dryinidae de la Región Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Biota Colombiana, 1 (2), 141–163.

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