Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3841.2.5

Paraqianlabeo lineatus, a new genus and species of labeonine fishes (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from South China

HAI-TAO ZHAO, JOHN P. SULLIVAN, YAO-GUANG ZHANG, ZUO-GANG PENG

Abstract


Paraqianlabeo, new genus, is described from the Chishui-He and Wu-Jiang rivers of the Yangtze River basin in Guizhou Province, South China. This new genus is distinguished from all other labeonine genera by a combination of morphological and molecular evidence. It is distinguished from all other Asian garrains by a unique oromandibular morphology; i.e., an arched, wide, rudimentary sucker formed by raised front and lateral margins of lower lip, postlabial groove and mental groove between middle and lateral lobes of lower lip chevron-shaped; anteroventral margin of rostral cap arched, thin and papillose; rostral cap not overlying upper lip, upper lip connected with lower lip around corners of mouth; well developed upper lip free from upper jaw; lower lip divided into two lateral fleshy lobes and one central plate, these two lateral fleshy lobes small and short, median lobe of lower lip large; anterior and anterolateral edges of upper and lower lip finely papillose; shallow, straight groove between lower lip and lower jaw; lower jaw bears thin, cornified cutting edge. Additionally, scales on mid-ventral region from pectoral fins to pelvic fins subcutaneous and half-hidden; dorsal fin with 3 simple and 7½-8 branched rays. Paraqianlabeo lineatus, new species, type species of this genus, has longitudinal dark stripe along side of body. Analyses of mitochondrial DNA data indicate that this new genus forms a highly diverged lineage within the Garraina group of Labeoninae.

 


Keywords


taxonomy, Garraina, new genus, Yangtze River drainage, Guizhou Province

Full Text:

PDF/A (5.48 MB)

References


An, L., Liu, B.S., Zhao, Y.H. & Zhang, C.G. (2010) Protolabeo protolabeo, a new genus and a new species of labeonine fishes from southwest China (Teleostei, Cyprinidae). Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 35, 661–665.

Hubbs, C.L. & Lagler, K.F. (1947) Fishes of the Great Lakes Region. Bulletin of the Cranbrook Institute of Sciences, 26, 1–186.

Huang, Y.F., Yang, J.X. & Chen, X.Y. (2014) Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis, a new genus and a new species of Labeoninae fish from Guangxi, China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa, 3793 (3), 379–386.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootasxa.3793.3.6

Kimura, M. (1980) A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16, 111–120.

Kottelat, M. (2001) Fishes of Laos. Wildlife Heritage Trust Publications, Colombo, 198 pp.

Mayden, R.L., Tang, K.L., Conway, K.W., Freyhof, J., Chamberlain, S., Haskins, M., Schneider, L., Sudkamp, M., Wood, R.M., Agnew, M., Bufalino, A., Sulaiman, Z., Miya, M., Saitoh, K. & He, S. (2007) Phylogenetic relationships of Danio within the order Cypriniformes: a framework for comparative and evolutionary studies of a model species. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, 308, 642–654.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jez.b.21175

Peng, J.L., Wang, X.Z., Wang, D. & He, S.P. (2009) Application of DNA barcoding based on the mitochondrial COI gene sequences in classification of Culter (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 2, 271–276.

Rainboth, W.J. (1996) Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes, FAO, Rome, 322 pp.

Reid, G.M. (1982) The form, function and phylogenetic significance of the vomero-palatine organ in cyprinid fishes. Journal of Natural History, 16, 497–510.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222938200770401

Roberts, T.R. (1989) The freshwater fishes of western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Memoirs of the California Academy Sciences, 14, 1–210.

Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. & Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, 1626 pp.

Stiassny, M.L.J. & Getahun, A. (2007) An overview of labeonin relationships and the phylogenetic placement of the Afro-Asian genus Garra Hamilton, 1922 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), with the description of five new species of Garra from Ethiopia, and a key to all African species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 150, 41–83.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2007.00281.x

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M. & Kumar, S. (2011) MEGA5: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28, 2731–2739.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121

Thompson, J.D., Gibson, T.J., Plewniak, F., Jeanmougin, F. & Higgins, D.G. (1997) The CLUSTAL_X windows interface: Flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Research, 25, 4876–4882.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/25.24.4876

Yang, L. & Mayden, R.L. (2010) Phylogenetic relationships, subdivision, and biogeography of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (sensu Rainboth, 1991) (Teleostei: Cypriniformes), with comments on the implications of lips and associated structures in the labeonin classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 54, 254–265.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.09.027

Yang, L., Arunachalam, M., Sado, T., Levin, B.A., Golubtsov, A.S., Freyhof, J., Friel, J.P., Chen, W.-J., Hirt, M.V., Manickam, R., Agnew, M.K., Simons, A.M., Saitoh, K., Miya, M., Mayden, R.L. & He, S. (2012) Molecular phylogeny of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65, 362–379.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.06.007

Zhang, E. & Zhou, W. (2012) Sinigarra napoense, a new genus and species of labeonin fishes (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Guangxi Province, South China. Zootaxa, 3586, 17–25.

Zhang, E. & Chen, Y.Y. (2004) Qianlabeo striatus, a new genus and species of Labeoninae from Guizhou Province, China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Hydrobiologia, 527, 25–33.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:hydr.0000043315.64357.da

Zhang, E. & Chen, Y.Y. (2006) Revised diagnosis of the genus Bangana Hamilton, 1822 (Pisces: Cyprinidae), with taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on its Chinese species. Zootaxa, 1281, 42–54.

Zhang, E., Kullander, S.O. & Chen, Y.Y. (2006) Fixation of the type species of the genus Sinilabeo and description of a new species from the upper Yangtze River basin, China (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Copeia, 2006, 96–102.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1643/0045-8511(2006)006[0096:fottso]2.0.co;2

Zhang, E., Xin, Q. & Lan, J.H. (2008) Description of a new genus and two new species of labeonine fishes from South China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa, 1682, 33–44.

Zhang, E., Yue, P.Q. & Chen, J.X. (2000) Labeoninae. In: Yue, P.Q. (Ed.), Fauna Sinica (Osteichthyes: Cypriniformes III). Science Press, Beijing, pp. 172–272. [in Chinese]

Zheng, L.P., Yang, J.X., Chen, X.Y. & Wang, W.Y. (2010) Phylogenetic relationships of the Chinese Labeoninae (Teleostei, Cypriniformes) derived from two nuclear and three mitochondrial genes. Zoologica Scripta, 39, 559–571.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00441.x

Zhu, Y., Zhang, E., Zhang, M. & Han, Y.Q. (2011) Cophecheilus bamen, a new genus and species of labeonine fishes (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from South China. Zootaxa, 2881, 39–50.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa