Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Reconsideration of Xysticus species described by Ehrenfried Schenkel from Mongolia and China in 1963 (Araneae: Thomisidae)



The types of nine Xysticus species described by Schenkel (1963) from China and Mongolia are revised. Comments on all 16 species described by Schenkel in 1963 are provided. Three species are synonymised with Xysticus davidi Schenkel, 1963: X. excavatus Schenkel, 1963, syn. n., X. hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963, syn. n., X. pentagonius Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004, syn. n. Xysticus fagei Schenkel 1963, syn. n. is a junior synonym of X. ephippiatus Simon, 1880. Xysticus lesserti Schenkel, 1963 is revalidated and removed from synonymy with X. kurilensis Strand, 1907. A male specimen from Gansu identified by Schenkel as Xysticus sibiricus Kulczyński, 1908 is described as a new species X. courti sp. n.



Crab spiders, Asia, new synonymy, revalidation, new species, Potanin

Full Text:

PDF/A (9.83 MB)


Bryant, E.B. (1933) New and little known spiders from the United States. Bulletin of the Museum of comparative Zoology, Harvard, 74, 171–193.

Chen, X.E. & Gao, J.C. (1990) The Sichuan farmland spiders in China. Sichuan Science & Technology Publishing House, Chengdu, 226 pp.

Chen, Z.F. & Zhang, Z.H. (1991) Fauna of Zhejiang: Araneida. Zhejiang Science and Technology Publishing House, 356 pp.

Denis, J. (1938) Sur la synonymie de quelques araignées. Bulletin de la Société d'histoire naturelle de Toulouse, 62, 379–389.

Di, Z.Y. & Zhu, M.S. (2008) The new discovery of the male Xysticus sicus from China (Araneae: Thomisidae). Acta arachnologica sinica, 17, 16–18.

Dondale, C.D. & Redner, J.H. (1978) The insects and arachnids of Canada, Part 5. The crab spiders of Canada and Alaska, Araneae: Philodromidae and Thomisidae. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, 1663, 1–255.

Levy, G. (1985) Araneae: Thomisidae. Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida II. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 114 pp.

Logunov, D.V. (1995) Contribution to the northern Asian fauna of the crab spider genus Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Aranei Thomisidae). Arthropoda Selecta, 3, 111–118.

Logunov, D.V. & Marusik, Y.M. (1994) A faunistic review of the crab spiders (Araneae, Thomisidae) from the mountains of south Siberia. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Entomologie, 64, 177–197.

Marusik, Y.M. (1989) Two new species of the spider genus Xysticus and synonymy of crab spiders (Aranei, Thomisidae, Philodromidae) from Siberia. Zoologichesky Zhurnal, 68, 140–145. [in Russian]

Marusik, Y.M. & Koponen, S. (2000) New data on spiders (Aranei) from the Maritime Province, Russian Far East. Arthropoda Selecta, 9, 55–68.

Marusik, Y.M. & Logunov, D.V. (1990) The crab spiders of middle Asia, USSR (Aranei, Thomisidae). 1. Descriptions and notes on distribution of some species. Korean Arachnology, 6, 31–62.

Marusik, Y.M. & Logunov, D.V. (1995) The crab spiders of Middle Asia 2 (Aranei, Thomisidae). Beiträge zur Araneologie, 4, 133–175.

Marusik, Y.M. & Logunov, D.V. (2002) New and poorly known species of crab spiders (Aranei: Thomisidae) from south Siberia and Mongolia. Arthropoda Selecta, 10, 315–322.

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A. & Kropf, C. (2014) Araneae - Spiders of Europe. Available from: (accessed 28 May 2014)

Ono, H. (1988) A revisional study of the spider family Thomisidae (Arachnida, Araneae) of Japan. National Science Museum, Tokyo, ii + 252 pp.

Ono, H. (2009) The Spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, xvi+739 pp.

Ono, H., Marusik, Y.M. & Logunov, D.V. (1990) Spiders of the family Thomisidae from Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands. Acta arachnologica, 39 (1990), 7–19.

Platnick, N.I. (2014) The World Spider Catalog. Version 14.5. American Museum of Natural History, New York Available from: (accessed 28 May 2014).

Potanin, G.N. (1893) Tangutsko–tibetskaya okraina Kitaya i Central'naya Mongolia [The Tangut–Tibetan borderlands of China and Central Mongolia]. Royal Russian Geographical Society, Sankt-Petersburg, 2, 1–567. [in Russian]

Schenkel, E. (1963) Ostasiatische Spinnen aus dem Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. Memoires Du Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle, 25, 1–481.

Schick, R.X. (1965) The crab spiders of California (Araneae, Thomisidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 129, 1–180.

Seyfulina, R.R. & Mikhailov, K.G. (2004) Three new species of genus Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Aranei: Thomisidae) from the Amur area. Arthropoda Selecta, 12, 251–254.

Simon, E. (1880) Etudes arachnologiques. 11e Mémoire. XVII. Arachnides recueilles aux environs de Pékin par M. V. Collin de Plancy. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 10, 97–128.

Song, D.X. (1987) Spiders from agricultural regions of China (Arachnida: Araneae). Agriculture Publishing House, Beijing, 376 pp.

Song, D.X. & Hubert, M. (1983) A redescription of the spiders of Beijing described by E. Simon in 1880. Journal of Huizhou Teachers College, 2, 1–23.

Song, D.X. & Zheng, S.X. (1981) A supplement note on three species of spiders from China. Zoological Research, Kunming, 2, 349–352.

Song, D.X. & Zhu, M.S. (1997) Fauna Sinica: Arachnida: Araneae: Thomisidae, Philodromidae. Science Press, Beijing, viii + 259 pp.

Song, D.X., Zhu, M.S. & Chen, J. (1999) The Spiders of China. Hebei Science and Technology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp.

Tang, L.R. & Song, D.X. (1988) A revision of some thomisid spiders (Araneae: Thomisidae). Sinozoology, 6, 137–140.

Turnbull, A.L., Dondale, C.D. & Redner, J.H. (1965) The spider genus Xysticus C. L. Koch (Araneae: Thomisidae) in Canada. The Canadian Entomologist, 97, 1233–1280.

Utochkin, A.S. (1968) Pauki roda Xysticus fauny SSSR (Opredelitel'). University of Perm, 73 pp. [in Russian]


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa