Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3893.2.7

On the identity of Prochyliza nigrimana (Meigen) and Prochyliza nigricornis (Meigen) (Diptera: Piophilidae), with a synopsis of Prochyliza Walker and description of a new species

DANIEL MARTÍN-VEGA

Abstract


With representatives distributed throughout the Holarctic and Neotropical regions, the genus Prochyliza Walker (Diptera: Piophilidae) is known from eight species. There has been, however, considerable controversy over the identity of two of them: the common, synanthropic species Prochyliza nigrimana (Meigen), and the rarely collected Prochyliza nigricornis (Meigen). The described differences between both species were only based on body colouration but, since a wide colour variation has been documented among P. nigrimana individuals, several authors had suggested that both taxa might be just extreme colour variants of the same species. Recent collections from central Spain showed that the colouration characters described for P. nigricornis certainly apply to dark P. nigrimana individuals, but also to other Prochyliza specimens showing distinct morphological characters and genitalia. In order to solve this controversy, the holotypes of both P. nigrimana and P. nigricornis were studied, concluding that both specimens are conspecific and instating P. nigricornis as a subjective junior synonym (syn. nov.). A new species, Prochyliza georgekaplani sp. nov., is described from specimens collected in central Spain. A synopsis and an updated identification key to the known species of the genus Prochyliza are also provided.


Keywords


taxonomy, necrophagous insects, carrion flies, Prochyliza georgekaplani sp. nov., Liopiophila, Spain

Full Text:

PDF/A (4.19 MB)

References


Bonduriansky, R. (2002) Leaping behaviour and responses to moisture and sound in larvae of piophilid carrion flies. The Canadian Entomologist, 134, 647–656.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/ent134647-5

Bonduriansky, R. (2006) Convergent evolution of sexual shape dimorphism in Diptera. Journal of Morphology, 267, 602–611.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.10426

Bonduriansky, R. & Brooks, R.J. (1999) Reproductive allocation and reproductive ecology of seven species of Diptera. Ecological Entomology, 24, 389–395.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2005.tb00901.x

Bonduriansky, R. & Rowe, L. (2005) Sexual selection, genetic architecture, and the condition dependence of body shape in the sexual dimorphic fly, Prochyliza xanthostoma (Diptera: Piophilidae). Evolution, 59, 138–151.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2005.tb00901.x

Bonduriansky, R., Wheeler, J. & Rowe, L. (2005) Ejaculate feeding and female fitness in the sexually dimorphic fly Prochyliza xanthostoma (Diptera: Piophilidae). Animal Behaviour, 69, 489–497.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.03.018

Cumming, J.M. & Wood, D.M. (2009) Morphology and terminology. In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M. (Eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera. Vol. 1. National Research Council Press, Ottawa, pp. 9–50.

Duda, O. (1924) Revision der europäischen u. gröndländischen sowie einiger südostasiat. Arten der Gattung Piophila Fallén (Dipteren). Konowia, 3, 97–113, 153–203.

Frey, R. (1941) Enumeratio Insectorum Fenniae VI. Diptera. Helsingfors Entomologiska Bytesförening, Helsinki, 63 pp.

Hennig, W. (1943) Piophilidae. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region, 5. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp. 1–52.

Jirón, L.F. & Cartín, V.M. (1981) Insect succession in the decomposition of a mammal in Costa Rica. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 89, 158–165.

Martín-Vega, D. (2011) Skipping clues: Forensic importance of the family Piophilidae (Diptera). Forensic Science International, 212, 1–5.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.06.016

Martín-Vega, D. & Baz, A. (2010) Prochyliza nigricornis (Meigen, 1826) (Diptera: Piophilidae): nueva especie para la fauna de la Península Ibérica. Boletín de la Asociación Española de Entomología, 34, 249–251.

Martín-Vega, D. & Baz, A. (2011) Variation in the colour of the necrophagous fly, Prochyliza nigrimana (Diptera: Piophilidae): A case of seasonal polymorphism. European Journal of Entomology, 108, 231–234.

http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/eje.2011.031

Martín-Vega, D. & Baz, A. (2013) Sarcosaprophagous Diptera assemblages in natural habitats in central Spain: spatial and seasonal changes in composition. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 27, 64–76.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.2012.01028.x

Martín-Vega, D. & Baz, A. (2014) Comparative larval morphology of the European bone-skippers, Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) and Centrophlebomyia furcata (Fabricius, 1794) (Diptera: Piophilidae), with notes on their coexistence and natural history. Journal of Natural History, 48, 285–299.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2013.791938

Martín-Vega, D., Baz, A. & Díaz-Aranda, L.M. (2012) The immature stages of the necrophagous fly, Prochyliza nigrimana: comparison with Piophila casei and medicolegal considerations (Diptera: Piophilidae). Parasitology Research, 111, 1127–1135.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-012-2943-5

Martín-Vega, D., Díaz-Aranda, L.M. & Baz, A. (2014) The immature stages of the necrophagous fly Liopiophila varipes and considerations on the genus Liopiophila (Diptera: Piophilidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 61, 35–40.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/dez.61.7534

Martín-Vega, D., Gómez-Gómez, A., Baz, A. & Díaz-Aranda, L.M. (2011) New piophilid in town: the first Palaearctic record of Piophila megastigmata and its coexistence with Piophila casei in central Spain. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25, 64–69.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.2010.00907.x

McAlpine, J.F. (1977) A revised classification of the Piophilidae, including ‘Neottiophilidae’ and ‘Thyreophoridae’ (Diptera: Schizophora). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 103, 1–66.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/entm109103fv

Meigen, J.W. (1826) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten, Vol. 5. Hamm, 412 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13731

Meigen, J.W. (1830) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Vol. 6. Hamm, 401 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13731

Melander, A.L. (1924) Review of the dipterous family Piophilidae. Psyche, 31, 78–86.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1924/54083

Melander, A.L. & Spuler, A. (1917) The dipterous families Sepsidae and Piophilidae. Bulletin of the State College of Washington Agricultural Experiment Station, 143, 1–97.

Merz, B. (1996) Die Piophilidae (Diptera) der Schweiz mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 69, 345–360.

Nielsen, P., Ringdahl, O. & Tuxen, S.L. (1954) Diptera 1 (exclusive of Ceratopogonidae and Chironomidae). The Zoology of Iceland, 3, 1–189.

Ozerov, A.L. (2003) Primary types of Piophilidae (Diptera) in the National Museum of Natural History (USNM). International Journal of Dipterological Research, 14, 3–8.

Ozerov, A.L. (2004) On the classification of the family Piophilidae. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 83, 1353–1360. [in Russian]

Ozerov, A.L. & Norrbom, A.L. (2010) Piophilidae (skipper flies). In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M. (Eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera. Vol. 2. National Research Council Press, Ottawa, pp. 865–869.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1899/30.3.br.868

Paños, A., Arnaldos, M.I., García, M.D. & Ubero-Pascual, N. (2013) Ultrastructure of preimaginal stages of Piophila megastigmata McAlpine, 1978 (Diptera, Piophilidae): a fly of forensic importance. Parasitology Research, 112, 3771–3788.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-013-3567-0

Séguy, E. (1934) Diptéres (Brachycéres) (Muscidae Acalyptratae et Scatophagidae. Faune de France, 28, 1–832.

Silfverberg, H. (2012) Changes 2006–2010 in the list of Finnish insects. Entomologica Fennica, 23, 18–41.

Sinclair, B.J. (2000) Morphology and terminology of Diptera male terminalia. In: Papp, L. & Darvas, B. (Eds.), Contribution to a manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 53–74.

Skinner, M.F., Syed, A., Farrel, J. & Borden, J.H. (1988) Case report in forensic anthropology: Animal and insect factors in decomposition of homicide victim. Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal, 21, 71–81.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1988.10756965

Steyskal, G.C. (1964) Notes on North American Piophilidae. II. (Diptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 66, 177–181.

Steyskal, G.C. (1968) Notes on North American Piophilidae. III. (Diptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 70, 25–27.

Stubbs, A.E. & Chandler, P.J. (2001) A provisional key to British Piophilidae (Diptera) and Parapiophila flavipes (Zetterstedt, 1847) new to Britain. Dipterists Digest, 8, 71–78.

Sturtevant, A.H. (1926) The seminal receptacles and accessory glands of the Diptera, with special reference to the Acalypterae (Continued). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 34, 1–21.

Syed, A. (1994) Notes on the biology and rearing of the carrion fly Prochyliza brevicornis (Melander) (Diptera: Piophilidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 91, 55–57.

Tabor, K.L., Fell, R.D. & Brewster, C.C. (2005) Insect fauna visiting carrion in Southwest Virginia. Forensic Science International, 150, 73–80.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.06.041

Walker, F. (1849) List of the specimens of dipterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, Part IV. London, pp. 689–1172.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.20821

Webb, J.E. & Graham, H.M. (1956) Observation on some filth flies in the vicinity of Fort Churchill, Manitoba, Canada, 1953–1954. Journal of Economic Entomology, 49, 595–600.

Zuska, J. & Laštovka, P. (1965) A review of the Czechoslovak species of the family Piophilidae with special reference to their importance to food industry (Diptera, Acalyptrata). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca, 62, 141–157.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa