Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Reinstatement of three species of the Marphysa sanguinea complex (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) from the Grand Caribbean Region



As part of a study on Marphysa de Quatrefages, 1865 from the Grand Caribbean, three species regarded as junior synonyms of M. sanguinea (Montagu, 1913) were studied to clarify their taxonomic status. The examination of type and additional materials collected in the southern Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Caribbean regions, allowed us to clarify that M. acicularum Webster, 1884, M. nobilis Treadwell, 1917 and M. viridis Treadwell, 1917 are distinct species. Therefore, the three species were redescribed and some important morphological features such as maxillary apparatus, shape of parapodial lobes, shape of ventral cirri and pectinate chaetae, among others, were described and evaluated. Furthermore, we consider that previous records of M. sanguinea for the Grand Caribbean are doubtful and it is necessary to reassess those specimens to clarify their taxonomic identity.



Eunicids, maxillary apparatus, pectinate chaeta, synonyms, taxonomy

Full Text:

PDF/A (12.94 MB)


Andrew, W. & Andrew, N.V. (1953) Some annelid and sipunculid worms of the Bimini region. American Museum Novitates, 1617, 1–16.

Baird, W. (1869) Remarks on several genera of annelides, belonging to the group Eunicea, with a notice of such species as are contained in the collection of the British Museum, and a description ofsome others hitherto undescribed. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 10, 341–361.

Bellan, G. (1964) Contribution à l’étude systématique et écologique des annélides polychètes de la Méditerranée. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, 49, 1–371.

Berthold, A.A. (1827) Latreille's Natürliche Familien des Thierreichs. Aus dem Franzosischen, mit Anmerkungen und Zusätzen. Verlage Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, Weimar, 606 pp.

Carrera-Parra, L.F. & Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. (1998) A new genus and 12 new species of Eunicidae (Polychaeta) from the Caribbean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 78, 145–182.

Carrera-Parra, L.F. (2006) Revision of Lumbrineris de Blainville, 1828 (Polychaeta: Lumbrineridae). Zootaxa, 1336, 1–64.

Crossland, C. (1903) On the marine fauna of Zanzibar and British East Africa, from collections made by Cyril Crossland in the years 1901 and 1902. Polychaeta. Part II. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 2, 129–144.

Dales, R.P. (1962) The polychaete stomodeum and the inter-relationships of the families of Polychaeta. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 139, 389–428.

Day, J.H. (1967) A Monograph on the Polychaeta of Surthern Africa. Part I. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London, 458 pp.

de Quatrefages, A. (1865) Note sur la classification des Annélides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, 60, 586–600.

de Quatrefages, A. (1866 [1865]) Histoire Naturelle des Annelés Marins et d’Eau Douce: Annélides et Géphyriens. Tome Premier. Collection des Suites a Buffon formant avec les Oeuvres de cet auteur un Cours Complet d’Histoire Naturelle. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, 588 pp. [Wright, E.P. (1866) Annelida. Zoological Record, Section 6 (Annelida, etc.), 578–600].

Díaz-Díaz, O. & Liñero-Arana, I. (2002) Poliquetos asociados a substratos artificiales sumergidos en la costa nororiental de Venezuela, 3. Eunicida (Annelida: Polychaeta). Boletín del Instituto Oceanográfico de Venezuela, 41, 3–14.

Ehlers, E. (1887) Reports on the results of dredging, under the direction of L.F. Pourtalès, during the years 1868–1870, and of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico (1877–78) and in the Caribbean Sea (1878–79), in the U.S. Coast survey steamer "Blake", XXXI report on the annelids. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 15, 1–1335.

Fauchald, K. (1970) Polychaetous annelids of the families Eunicidae, Lumbrineridae, Iphitimidae, Arabellidae, Lysaretidae and Dorvilleidae from Western Mexico. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology, 5, 1–335.

Fauchald, K. (1977) Polychaetes from intertidal areas in Panama, with a review of previous shallow-water records. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 221, 1–81.

Fauvel, P. (1923) Polychètes errantes. Faune de France, 5, 1–488.

Fauvel, P. (1937) Annélides Polychètes du Japon. Memoirs of the College of Science, Kyoto Imperial University, Series B, 12, 41–92.

Gathof, J.M. (1984) Family Eunicidae Savigny, 1818; In: Uebelacker, J.M. & Johnson P.G. (Eds.), Taxonomic guide to the polychaetes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 6. Barry A. Vittor & Associates, Inc., Alabama, pp. 1–31.

Gillet, P. (1986) Contribution à l'étude des annélides polychètes des lagunes de la Manche-a-eau et de Belle-Plaine (Guadeloupe) description d'un nouveau Capitellidae: Scyphoproctus guadaloupensis n. sp. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 4, 803–817.

Glasby, C.J. & Hutchings, P.A. (2010) A new species of Marphysa Quatrefages, 1865 (Polychaeta: Eunicida: Eunicidae) from northern Australia and a review of similar taxa from the Indo-west Pacific, including the genus Nauphanta Kinberg, 1865. Zootaxa, 2352, 29–45.

Grube, A.E. (1850) Die Familien der Anneliden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 16, 249–364.

Hansen, G.A. (1882) Recherches sur les annélides recueillies par M. le professeur Édouard van Benedon pendant son voyage au Brésil et à la Plata. Memoires Couronnes et Memoires des Savants Etrangers publies par L'Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 44, 1–29.

Hartman, O. (1944) Polychaetous Annelids, 5. Eunicea. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 10, 1–238.

Hartman, O. (1954) Polychaetous annelids of the Gulf of Mexico. Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service, 55, 413–417.

Hartman, O. (1956) Polychaetous annelids erected by Treadwell, 1891 to 1948, together with a brief chronology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 109, 239–310.

Hartman, O. (1959) Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Part 2. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation, 23, 355–628.

Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1967) Feinbau und Funktion des Kieferapparates der Euniciden am Beispiel von Eunice (Palola) siciliensis Grube (Polychaeta). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 64, 5–27.

Hutchings, P.A. & Karageorgopoulos, P. (2003) Designation of a neotype of Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) and a description of a new species of Marphysa from eastern Australia. Hydrobiologia, 496, 87–94.

Izuka, A. (1907) On two new species of annelids belonging to the Euncidae. Zoological Magazine (Dobutsugasku zasshi), 19, 139–143. [translated into English]

Laverde-Castillo, J.J.A. & Rodríguez-Gómez, H. (1987) Lista de los poliquetos registrados para el caribe Colombiano, incluyendo comentarios sobre su zoogeografia. Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta de Betín, 17, 95–112.

Leidy, J. (1855) Contributions towards a knowledge of the marine Invertebrate fauna of the coasts of Rhode Island and New Jersey. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, New Series, 3, 135–152.

Lewis, C. & Karageorgopoulos, P. (2008) A new species of Marphysa (Eunicidae) from the Western Cape of South Africa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88, 277–287.

Miura, T. (1977) Eunicid polychaetous annelids from Japan, II. La Mer, 15, 11–31.

Monro, C.C.A. (1933) The Polychaeta Errantia collected by Dr. C. Crossland at Colón, in the Panama Region, and the Galapagos Islands during the expedition of the S.Y. “St. George”. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1933, 1–196.

Montagu, G. (1813) Descriptions of several new or rare animals principally marine, found on the south coast of Devonshire. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 11, 18–21.

Moore, J.P. (1909) Polychaetous annelids from Monterey Bay and San Diego, California. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 61, 235–295.

Parapar, J., Besteiro, C. & Urgorri, V. (1993) Taxonomy and Ecology of Annelida of the Iberian Peninsula - Polychaeta from the Ria-De-Ferrol. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 34, 411–432.

Paxton, H. (1986) Generic revision and relationships of the family Onuphidae (Annelida: Polychaeta). Records of the Australian Museum, 38, 1–74.

Paxton, H. (1993) Diopatra Audouin and Milne Edwards (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) from Australia, with a discussion of developmental patterns in the genus. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences, 10, 115–154.

Pettibone, M.H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region, 1 Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 227, 1–356.

Pillai, T.G. (1958) Studies on a brackish-water polychaetous annelid, Marphysa borradailei, sp. n. from Ceylon. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences), 1, 94–106.

Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. (1996) Lista de especies y bibliografía de los poliquetos (Polychaeta) del Gran Caribe. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología, 67, 11–50.

Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. & Carrera-Parra, L.F. (1998) Eunicids (Polychaeta) from the Mexican Caribbean with keys to Great Caribbean species: Fauchaldius, Lysidice, Marphysa, Nematonereis and Palola. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45, 1481–1498.

Treadwell, A.L. (1917) Polychaetous Annelids from Florida, Porto Rico, Bermuda, and The Bahamas. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication, 251, 255–272.

Treadwell, A.L. (1921) Leodicidae of the West Indian region. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication, 15, 1–131.

Treadwell, A.L. (1939) New polychaetous annelids from New England, Texas and Puerto Rico. American Museum Novitates, 1023, 1–7.

von Marenzeller, E. (1888) Polychäten der Angra Pequena-Bucht. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 3, 1–124.

Webster, H.E. (1879) The Annelida Chaetopoda of the Virginian coast. Transactions of the Albany Institute, 9, 202–272.

Webster, H.E. (1884) Annelida from Bermuda collected by G. Brown Goode. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 25, 305–327.

Zanol, J., Halanych, K.M. & Fauchald, K. (2014) Reconciling taxonomy and phylogeny in the bristleworm family Eunicidae (Polychaete: Annelida). Zoologica Scripta, 43, 79–100.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa