Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3925.1.9

A survey of Palaearctic Dictynidae (Araneae). 1. Taxonomic notes on
Dictynomorpha Spassky, 1939, Brigittea Lehtinen, 1967 and Lathys Simon, 1884

YURI M. MARUSIK, SERGEI L. ESYUNIN, TATYANA K. TUNEVA

Abstract


A new species, Dictynomorpha daemonis sp. n. (♂) is described from South Kazakhstan and a new diagnosis is suggested for Dictynomorpha Spassky, 1939. The genus is redelimited and its type species D. strandi Spassky, 1939 redescribed. Three Dictynomorpha species are transferred to Ajmonia Caporiacco, 1934 and three new combinations are suggested: Ajmonia smaragdula (Simon, 1905) comb. n., Ajmonia bedeshai (Tikader, 1966) comb. n. and Ajmonia marakata (Sherriffs, 1927) comb. n. Brigittea Lehtinen, 1967 is removed from the synonymy with Dictyna Sundevall, 1833 and its composition is discussed. The type species of Brigittea, B. latens (Fabricius, 1775) is synonymized with B. latens mutabilis Spassky & Shnitnikov, 1937. Lathys spasskyi Andreeva & Tyshchenko, 1969 is removed from the synonymy with L. stigmatisata (Menge, 1869). New illustrations and distribution data are provided for Lathys truncata Danilov, 1994. Lathys mussooriensis Biswas & Roy, 2008 is transferred from Dictynidae to Amaurobiidae and tentatively placed in Himalmartensus Wang & Zhu, 2008, the new combination is suggested: Himalmartensus mussooriensis (Biswas & Roy, 2008) comb. n.

 


Keywords


Dictyninae, Tricholathysinae, spider, copulatory organs, palp, epigyne, cribellum

Full Text:

PDF/A (28.42 MB)

References


Andreeva, E.M. (1976) Spiders of Tajikistan. The fauna and zonal-ecological distribution. Donish, Dushanbe, 193 pp. [in Russian]

Andreeva, E.M. & Tyshchenko, V.P. (1969) Materials on the spider fauna of Tajikistan. I. Haplogynae, Cribellatae, Ecribellatae, Trionychae (Pholcidae, Palpimanidae, Hersiliidae, Oxyopidae). Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 48 (2), 373–384. [in Russian]

Biswas, B. & Roy, R. (2008) Description of six new species of spiders of the genera Lathys (Family: Dictynidae), Marpissa (Family: Salticidae), Misumenoides (Family: Thomisidae), Agroeca (Family: Clubionidae), Gnaphosa (Family: Gnaphosidae) and Flanona (Family: Lycosidae) from India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 108, 43–57.

Brignoli, P.M. (1983) A catalogue of the Araneae described between 1940 and 1981. Manchester University Press, Manchester, 755 pp.

Chamberlin, R.V. & Gertsch, W.J. (1958) The spider family Dictynidae in America north of Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 116, 1‒152.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.212

Danilov, S.N. (1994) Cribellate spiders from Transbaikalia. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 73 (1), 200–209. [in Russian]

Denis, J. (1947) Araignées de France. I. Araignées de Vendée avec la description d'une espèce nouvelle des Pyrénées-Orientales. Revue Française d'Entomologie, 14, 145‒155.

Helsdingen, P. (2014) Fauna Europaea: Araneae, version 2.6. Available from: http://www.faunaeur.org/ (accessed 30 May 2014)

IJland, S., van Helsdingen, P.J. & Miller, J. (2012) On some spiders from Gargano, Apulia, Italy. Nieuwsbrief Spinnenwerkgroep Nederland, 32, 2–20.

Lehtinen, P.T. (1967) Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 4, 199–468.

Marusik, Y.M. & Esyunin, S.L. (2010) On the northernmost Ajmonia Caporiacco, 1934 (Aranei: Dictynidae: Dictyninae). Journal of Natural History, 44 (5/6), 361–367.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930903383578

Marusik, Y.M., Ovchinnikov, S.V. & Koponen, S. (2006) Uncommon conformation of the male palp in common Holarctic spiders belonging to the Lathys stigmatisata group (Araneae, Dictynidae). Bulletin of the British arachnological Society, 13, 353–360.

Merrett, P., Locket, G.H. & Millidge, A.F. (1985) A check list of British spiders. Bulletin of the British arachnological Society, 6, 381–403.

Mikhailov, K.G. (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, 3 (Supplement), 1–262.

Miller, F. & Svatoň, J. (1978) Einige seltene und bisher unbekannte Spinnenarten aus der Slowakei. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, 126, 1–19.

Ovtchinnikov, S.V. (1988) Materials on the fauna of the spider superfamily Amaurobioidea in Kirghizia. In: Pek, L.V. (Ed.), Entomologicheskie issledovaniya v Kirgizii, 19, pp. 126–131. [Ilim Press, Frunze, in Russian]

Platnick, N. (1993) Advances in spider taxonomy 1988–1991. With synonymies and transfers 1940–1980. New York, 846 pp.

Platnick, N. (1997) Advances in spider taxonomy 1992–1995. With redescriptions 1940–1980. New York, 976 pp.

Platnick, N.I. (2014) The World Spider Catalog, versions 0–15. American Museum of Natural History, New York. Available from: http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalog/index.html (accessed 28 August 2014)

Roewer, C.F. (1942) Katalog der Araneae von 1758 bis 1940. Vol. 1. 'Natura', Bremen, 1040 pp.

Roberts, M.J. (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. Harper Collins, London, 383 pp.

Simon, E. (1884) Arachnides nouveaux d'Algérie. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 9, 321–327.

Simon, E. (1892) Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris, 1, 1–256.

Simon, E. (1905) Voyage de M. Maurice Maindron dans l'Inde meridionale. Arachnides. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 74, 160–180.

Spassky, S. (1939) Araneae palaearcticae novae. III. Festschrift Embrik Strand, 5, 138–144.

Spassky, S.A. & Shnitnikov, S.A. (1937) Materials to the spider fauna of Kazakhstan. In: Pavlovskii, M.E. (Ed.), Materialy po vreditelyam zhivotnovodstva i faune preimuschestvenno Yuzhnogo Kazakhstana, 2, pp. 264–300. [Moscow-Leningrad, in Russian]

Wang, X.-P. & Zhu, M.-S. (2008) Himalmartensus, a new genus of the spider family Amaurobiidae from Nepal (Araneae). Journal of Arachnology, 36, 241–250.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1636/CA07-102.1

Wiehle, H. (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae) IX: Orthognatha-Cribellatae-Haplogynae-Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands, 42, 1–150.

World Spider Catalog (2014) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, version 15.5. Available from: http://wsc.nmbe.ch (accessed 28 August 2014)

Wunderlich, J. (1987) Die Spinnen der Kanarischen Inseln und Madeiras: Adaptive Radiation, Biogeographie, Revisionen und Neubeschreibungen. Taxonomy & Ecology, 1, 1–435. [Verlag J. Wunderlich, Straubenhardt]


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa