Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3926.3.5

Barilius ardens (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), a new species from the Western Ghats, India, with redescription of B. malabaricus and B. canarensis 

J. D. MARCUS KNIGHT, ASHWIN RAI, RONALD K. P. D’SOUZA, BALAJI VIJAYKRISHNAN

Abstract


The identities of Barilius canarensis and B. malabaricus have hitherto been confused. An attempt to resolve their identities by examining fresh collections from their respective type localities, i.e., southern Karnataka and northern Kerala, yielded a new species, which is herein described as B. ardens. The new species differs from B. canarensis and B. malabaricus by the presence of a row of 7–9 large vertically elongate blotches on the flank, in large adults the first three blotches broken into a smaller row of intercalate spots (vs. two rows of spots: the first consisting of 9–11oval spots, the second with 3–4 smaller spots); and 5+4+3 (vs. 5+4+2) pharyngeal teeth. The new species is distinguished from B. bakeri by having 5+4+3 (vs. 5+4+2) pharyngeal teeth; and the dorsal and anal fins margined with bright orange (vs. white). Barilius malabaricus (hitherto in the synonymy of B. canarensis) is shown to be a valid species distinguished from the latter by having 11½ (vs. 10½) branched dorsal-fin rays and 14½–15½ (vs. 13½) branched anal-fin rays; both species are redescribed.

 


Keywords


Opsarius, bakeri, gatensis, Western Ghats, Canara, Kerala

Full Text:

PDF/A (5.69 MB)

References


Ajithkumar, C.R., Rema Devi, K., Thomas, K.R. & Biju, C.R. (1999) Fish fauna, abundance and distribution in Chalakudy River system, Kerala. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 96 (2), 244–254.

Beevi, K.S.J. & Ramachandran, A. (2009) Checklist of freshwater fishes collected from Ernakulam District, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1 (9), 493–494.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o1559.493-4

Day, F. (1865) On the fishes of Cochin, on the Malabar Coast of India. Part II. Anacanthini. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London, Part 1, 286–318.

Day, F. (1870) Notes on some fishes from the western coast of India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, (Part 2), 369–374.

Day, F. (1875–1878) The Fishes of India; Being a Natural History of the Fishes known to inhabit the seas and freshwaters of India, Burma and Ceylon. Dawson & Sons, London, xx + 778 pp., 196 pls.

Günther, A. (1868) Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Vol. 7. British Museum, London, xx + 512 pp.

Hora, S.L. (1937) The game fishes of India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 39 (2), 199–210.

Howes, G.J. (1980) The anatomy, phylogeny and classification of bariliine cyprinid fishes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 37, 129–198.

Howes, G.J. (1983) Additional notes on bariliine cyprinid fishes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 45, 95–101.

Jerdon, T.C. (1849) On the freshwater fishes of southern India. Madras Journal of Literature and Science, 15, 302–346.

Jordan, D.S. (1919) The Genera of Fishes: Part II. from Agassiz to Bleeker, 1833–1858,Twenty-Six Years, with the Accepted Type of Each. A Contribution to the Stability of Scientific Nomenclature. Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, Stanford, 167–575.

Kinnear, N.B. (1952) The history of Indian mammalogy and ornithology. Part II. Birds. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 51 (1), 104–110.

Kottelat, M. (1984) A new Rasbora s.1. (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from northern Thailand. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 81, 717–723.

Kottelat, M. (2001) Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo, 198 pp.

Kottelat, M. (2013) The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: A catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 27 (Supplement), 1–663.

Liao, T.Y., Ünlü, E. & Kullander, S.O. (2011) Western boundary of the subfamily Danioninae in Asia (Telesotei: Cyprinidae): derived from the systematic position of Barilius mesopotamicus based on molecular and morphological data. Zootaxa, 2880, 31–40.

M’Clelland, J. (1838) Observations on six new species of Cyprinidae, with an outline of a new classification of the family. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 7, 941–948, pls. 55–56.

M’Clelland, J. (1839) Indian Cyprinidae. Asiatic Researches, 19, 217–471, pls. 37–61.

Menon, A.G.K. (1999) Check list – fresh water fishes of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Miscellaneous Publication, Occasional Paper No. 175, 1–366.

Manickam, R., Kavitha, M., Ramkumar, R., Anandhi, M. & Perumal, P. (2014) Ichthyological survey of the checklist of fauna in Stanley Reservoir, Tamil Nadu, South India– Diversity, Distribution, Threats and conservation action. Discovery Life, 6 (16), 21–30.

Miranda, R. & Escala, M.C. (2005) Morphometrical comparison of cleithra, opercular and pharyngeal bones of autochthonous Leuciscinae (Cyprinidae) of Spain. Folia Zoologica, 54, 173–188.

Pethiyagoda, R. & Kottelat, M. (2005a) A review of the barbs of the Puntius filamentosus group (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) of southern India and Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 12 (Supplement), 127–144.

Pethiyagoda, R. & Kottelat, M. (2005b) The identity of the South Indian barb Puntius mahecola (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 12 (Supplement), 145–152.

Pethiyagoda, R., Kottelat, M., Silva, A., Maduwage, K. & Meegaskumbura, M. (2008) A review of the genus Laubuca in Sri Lanka, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters, 19, 7–26.

Rainboth, W.J. (1996) FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Rome, 265 pp.

Rema Devi, K., Indra, T.J., Raghunathan, M.B. & Raagam, P.M. (2005) A note on Barilius bakeri (Cyprinidae: Danioninae) from Karnataka with remarks on the status of Opsarius malabaricus Jerdon. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 102 (1), 123–125.

Shahnawaz, A., Venkateshwarlu, M., Somashekar, D.S. & Santosh, K. (2010) Fish diversity with relation to water quality of Bhadra River of Western Ghats (INDIA). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 161, 83–91.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0729-0

Shaji, C.P. & Easa, P.S. (Eds.) (2003) Freshwater fishes of Kerala. Kerala Forest Research Research Institute (KFRI), Thrissur, 125 pp.

Tang, K.L., Agnew, M.K., Hirt, M.V., Sado, T., Schneider, L.M., Freyhof, J., Sulaiman, Z., Swartz, E., Vidthayanon, C., Miya, M., Saitoh, K., Simons, A.M., Wood, R. M. & Mayden, R.L. (2010) Systematics of the subfamily Danioninae (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57, 189–214.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.05.021

Thomas, H.S. (1881) The Rod in India: Being hints how to obtain sport, with remarks on the Natural History of Fish, their Culture, and Value : and Illustrations of Fish and Tackle. 2nd Edition. Hamilton Adams & Co., London, 436 pp., 24 pls.

Valenciennes, A. (1844) Histoire naturelle des poissons. Levrault, Strassbourg, xxiii + 497 pp., pls. 487–519. [Cuvier, G. & Valenciennes, A. (Eds.)]

Venkateshwarlu, M., Shetty, B.A.K. & Kiran, B.R. (2014) Conservation status of Fish diversity of rivers– Sita, Swarna and Varahi in Udipi district, Western Ghats, Karnataka, India. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, 1 (4), 797–813.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa