Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3926.4.1

The rectal valve in Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) 

CHRISTOPHER H. C. LYAL, EMELINE A. FAVREAU

Abstract


A rectal valve is known from Bostrichiformia (e.g. Dermestidae, Bostrichidae, Ptinidae), Cucujiformia (e.g. Chrysmeloidea, Cleridae, Curculionoidea, Endomychidae, Tenebrionidae) and Buprestidae, associated with the cryptonephridial system for water recovery from fecal matter. The valve is probably homologous in at least the Bostrichiformia and Cucujiformia although the form it takes may not be. It comprises a sclerotized band lying in the wall of the rectum where this meets the perinephric membrane. The valve is plesiomorphically a narrow crimped ring, probably acting as a sphincter to retain fecal matter for water extraction. Apomorphically it extends longitudinally along the rectum and supports the perinephric chamber; this state has probably arisen independently several times. Larval and adult morphology may be similar or different. Within the Curculionoidea different apomorphic forms suggest monophyly of groups within the Anthribidae and Dryophthoridae, and within the curculionid subfamilies Entiminae, Mesoptiliinae, Molytinae and Cossoninae + Scolytinae, although limited weight should be placed on a single character. No support is provided for a relationship between the Platypodinae and Scolytinae. The genera Cylindrotypetes Zimmerman 1942 and Edaphotrypetes Morimoto 1995 are transferred from Molytinae: Phoenicobatini to Cossoninae: Pentrarthini.

 


Keywords


Curculionoidea, Coleoptera, rectal valve, rectal loop, rectal ring, cryptonephridial system, morphology, phylogeny, water retention

Full Text:

PDF/A (1.61 MB)

References


Agrain, F.A. & Marvaldi, A.E. (2009) Morphology of the first instar larva in the tribe Clytrini, with two new descriptions in the subtribe Megalostomina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cryptocephalinae). Zootaxa, 2147, 59–68.

Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A. & Lyal, C.H.C. (1999) A world catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) (excepting Scolytidae and Platypodidae). Entomopraxis, Barcelona, 315 pp.

Aslam, N.A. (1961) An assessment of some internal characters in the higher classification of Curculionidae s.l. (Coleoptera). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 113 (14), 417–489.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1961.tb00799.x

Beutel, R.G. & Haas, F. (2000) Phylogenetic relationships of the suborders of Coleoptera (Insecta). Cladistics, 16, 103–141.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2000.tb00350.x

Beutel, R.G. & Hornschmeyer, T. (2002) Larval morphology and phylogenetic position of Micromalthus debilis LeConte (Coleoptera: Micromalthidae). Systematic Entomology, 27, 169–190.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2002.00172.x

Beutel, R.G. (1996) Study of the larva of Nosodendron fasciculare (Olivier 1790) Coleoptera: Nosodendridae) with implications for the phylogeny of Bostrichiformia. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 34, 121–134.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0469.1996.tb00818.x

Bouchard, P., Bousquet, Y., Davies, A.E., Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A., Lawrence, J.F., Lyal, C.H.C., Newton, A.F., Reid, C.A.M., Schmitt, M., Ślipiński, S.A. & Smith, A.B.T. (2011) Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta). ZooKeys, 88 (Special Issue), 1–972.

Calder, A.A. (1989) The alimentary canal and nervous system of Curculionoidea (Coleoptera): gross morphology and systematic significance. Journal of Natural History, 23, 1205–1265.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222938900770671

Crowson, R.A. (1981) The biology of the Coleoptera. Academic Press, London, 802 pp.

DeMonte, T. (1957) Prima nota sull’ apparate plasmatore degli escrementi caratteristica modificazione dell’intestino retto femminile in alcune tribu della sottofamiglia Clytrinae. Memoire Societa Entomologica Italiano Genoa, 36, 143–159.

Ekis, G. & Gupta, A.P. (1971) Digestive system of Cleridae (Coleoptera). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 1 (1), 51–86.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0020-7322(71)90008-0

Erber, D. (1968) Bau, Funktion und Bildung der Kotpresse mitteleuropäischer Clytrinen und Cryptocephalinen (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Zoologische Jahrbücher, Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, 96, 453–477.

Farrell, B.D. (1998) “Inordinate fondness” explained: why are there so many beetles? Science, 281, 555–559.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.281.5376.555

Gillett, C.P.D.T., Crampton-Platt, A., Timmermans, M.J.T.N., Jordal, B.H., Emerson, B.C. & Vogler, A.P. (2014) Bulk de novo mitogenome assembly from pooled total DNA elucidates the phylogeny of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 31, 2223–2237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msu154

Grebennikov, V.V. (2010) First Alaocybites weevil (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) from the Eastern Palaearctic: a new microphthalmic species and generic relationships. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny, 68 (3), 331–365.

Gullan, P.J. & Cranston, P.S. (2005) The Insects. An Outline of Entomology. 3rd Edition. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Malden, Oxford and Victoria, 529 pp.

Haran, J. & Timmermans, M.J.T.N. & Vogler, A.P. (2013) Mitogenome sequences stabilize the phylogenetics of weevils (Curculionoidea) and establish the monophyly of larval ectophagy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 67, 15–166.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.12.022

Hunt, T., Bergsten, J., Levkanicova, Z., Papadopoulou, A., John, O.S., Wild, R., Hammond, P.M., Ahrens, D., Balke, M., Caterino, M.S., Gomez-Zurita, J., Ribera, I., Barraclough, T.G., Bocakova, M., Bocak, L. & Vogler, A.P. (2007) A comprehensive phylogeny of beetles reveals the evolutionary origins of a superradiation. Science, 318 (5858), 1913–1916.

Ivie, M.A. (2002) Bostrichidae. In: Arnett, R.H., Thomas, M.C., Skelley, P.E & Frank, J.H. (Eds.), American beetles. Vol 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeiodea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press, Boca Raton, London, New York, Washington D.C., pp. 233–244.

Jordal, B.H. (2010) Revision of the genus Phloeoditica Schedl - with description of two new genera and two new species in Phloeosinini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae). Zookeys, 56, 141–156.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.56.522

Jordal, B.H., Sequeira, A.S. & Cognato, A.I. (2011) The age and phylogeny of wood boring weevils and the origin of subsociality. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59 (3), 708–724.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.016

Jordal, B.H., Smith, S.M. & Cognato, A.I. (2014) Classification of weevils as a data-driven science: leaving opinion behind. ZooKeys, 439, 1–18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.439.8391

Jordal, B.H. (2010) Revision of the genus Phloeoditica Schedl - with description of two new genera and two new species in Phloeosinini (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae). Zookeys, 56, 141–156.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.56.522

Kiselyova, T. & McHugh, J.V. (2006) A phylogenetic study of Dermestidae (Coleoptera) based on larval morphology. Systematic Entomology, 31, 469–450.

Kojima, H., Morimoto, K. & Horikawa, M. (1998) Two new species of the genus Ochyromera (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Japan. Esakia, 38, 113–122.

Kuban, V., Majer, K. & Kolibáč, J. (2000) Classification of the tribe Coraebibi Bedel, 1921 (Coleoptera, Buprestidae, Agrilinae). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae, 85, 185–287. [Brno]

Kuschel, G. (1964) Insects of Campbell Island. Coleoptera: Curculionidae of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph, 7, 416–493.

Kuschel, G. (1995) A phylogenetic classification of Curculionoidea to families and subfamilies. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington, 14, 5–33.

Kuschel, G., Leschen, R.A.B. & Zimmerman, E.C. (2000) Platypodidae under scrutiny. Invertebrate Taxonomy, 14, 771–805.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IT00024

Lawrence, J.F. & Newton, A.F. (1982) Evolution and classification of beetles. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 13, 261–290.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.13.110182.001401

Lawrence, J.F & Ślipiński, A. (2010) Dermestidae. In: Leschen, R.A.B., Beutel, R.G. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds.), Coleoptera, beetles. Vol 2. Morphology and systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 198–206.

Lawrence, J.F., Ślipiński, S.A. & Pakaluk, J. (1995) From Latreille to Crowson: a history of the higher-level classification of beetles. In: Pakaluk, J. & Ślipiński, S.A. (Eds.), Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera: Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii PAN, Warsaw, pp. 87–154.

Leschen, R.A.B. & Carlton, C.E. (1988) Immature stages of Endomychus biguttatus Sat (Coleoptera: Endomychidae) with observations on the alimentary canal. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 61 (3), 321–327.

Leschen, R.A.B. & Ślipiński, S.A. (2010) Chapter 7. Cucujiformia Lameere, 1938. Introduction, Phylogeny. In: Leschen, R.A.B., Beutel, R.G. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology. Vol. 2. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 227–228.

Lyal, C.H.C. (1993) Fauna of New Zealand: Cryptorhynchinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Fauna of New Zealand, 29, 1–308. [Maanaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, New Zealand]

Lyal, C.H.C. (2014) Molytinae Schoenherr, 1832. In: Leschen, R.A.B. & Beutel, R.G. (Eds.), Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics. Vol. 3. Handbook of Zoology. Arthropoda: Insecta. De Greuyter, Berlin and Boston, pp. 529–570.

Machado, A. (2010) La morfologia de Laparocerus undatus Wollaston, 1864 y consideraciones sobre la tribu Laparocerini Lacordaire, 1863 (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Entiminae). Graellsia, 66 (2), 233–280.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2010.v66.025

Marvaldi, A.E. (1997) Higher level phylogeny of Curculionidae (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) based mainly on larval characters, with special reference to broad-nosed weevils. Cladistics, 13, 285–312.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.1997.tb00321.x

Marvaldi, A.E. & Morrone, J.J. (2000) Phylogenetic systematics of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea): a reappraisal based on larval and adult morphology. Insect Systematics & Evolution, 31, 43–58.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/187631200X00309

Marvaldi, A.E., Oberprieler, R.G., Lyal, C.H.C., Bradbury, T. & Anderson, R.S. (2006) Phylogeny of the Oxycoryninae s.l., (Coleoptera: Belidae) and evolution of host-plant associations. Invertebrate Systematics, 20, 447–476.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS05059

May, B.M. (1971) Entomology of the Aucklands and other islands south of New Zealand: Immature stages of Curculionoidea. Pacific Insects Monograph, 27, 271–316.

May, B.M. (1993) Fauna of New Zealand: Larvae of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera): a systematic overview. Fauna of New Zealand. Vol. 28. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, Canterbury, 225pp. [New Zealand]

May, B.M. (1994) An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman, E.C. (Ed.), Australian weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea). Vol. II. Brentidae, Eurynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May. CSIRO, Canberra, pp. 365–726.

Morimoto, K. (1995) A new genus and two new species of the edaphic weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from Japan. Special Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Coleopterology, 42 (3–4), 465–473.

Morimoto, K. & Kojima, H. (2004) Systematic Position of the Tribe Phylloplatypodini, with Remarks on the Definitions of the Families Scolytidae, Platypodidae, Dryophthoridae and Curculionidae (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea). Esakia, 44, 153–168.

Nation, J.L. (2002) Insect physiology and biochemistry. CRC Press, Boca Raton/London, 485 pp.

Opitz, W. (2014) Morphologic studies of the alimentary canal and internal reproductive organs of the Chaetosomatidae and the Cleridae (Coleoptera: Cleroidea) with comparative morphology and taxonomic analyses Insecta Mundi, 0342, 1–40.

Poll, M. (1932) Contribution a l'etude des tubes de Malpighi des Coleopteres. Leur utilite en phylogenese. Recueil de l'Institut Zoologique Torley-Rousseau, 4, 47–80.

Reid, C.A.M. & Beatson, M. (2010) Revision of the Australo-Papuan genus Macrolema Baly (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Spilopyrinae), with description of a new genus. Zootaxa, 2486, 1–60.

Saini, R.S. (1954) Studies on the anatomy of the genus Aulacophora. Journal of Saugar University, 1 (4), 111–125.

Saini, R.S. (1964) Histology and physiology of the cryptonephridial system in insects. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 116 (14), 347–392.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1964.tb02302.x

Schmitt, M. (1996) The phylogenetic system of the Chrysomelidae – history of ideas and present state of knowledge. In: Jolivet, P. & Cox, M.L. (Eds.), Chrysomelidae biology. Vol. 1. The classification, phylogeny and genetics. SPB, Amsterdam, pp. 57–96.

Schoeller, M. (1995) Zur Evolution der Camptosoma. Entomologische Blätter für Biologie und Systematik der Käfer, 91, 53–61.

Schoeller, M. (1995a) Arten der Gattung Cryptocephalus Geoffroy aus der fauna des südlichen und östlichen Afrika (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 71 (2), 373–385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mmnz.19950710216

Schoeller, M. (2008) Comparative morphology of sclerites used by Camptosomatan leaf beetles for formation of the extrachorion (Chrysomelidae: Cryptocephalinae, Camprosomatinae). In: Jolivet, P., Santiago-Blay, J. & Schmitt, M. (Eds.), Research on Chrysomelidae. Vol. 1. Brill, Leiden, pp. 87–120.

Ulmer, B.J., Duncan, R.E., Prena, J. & Pena, J.E. (2007) Life history and larval morphology of Eurhinus magnificus Gyllenhal (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a new weevil to the United States. Neotropical Entomology, 36 (3), 383–390.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2007000300006

Wood, S.L. (2007) Bark and ambrosia beetles of South America (Coleoptera, Scolytidae). Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, v + 900 pp.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1942) Curculionidae of Guam. Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 172, 73–146 + pl. 141–147.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1966) Curculionidae of Marotiri, South-Central Pacific (Coleoptera). Pacific Insects, 8, 893–899.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1968) Rhynchophorinae of southeastern Polynesia (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Pacific Insects, 10, 47–77.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1974) Studies of Acamptini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cossoninae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 28 (3), 133–142.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1993) Australian Weevils (Coleoptera Curculionoidea). Vol. III. Nanophyidae, Rhynchophoridae, Erirhinidae, Curculionidae: Amycterinae, Literature Consulted. CSIRO, Canberra, x + 854 pp.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1994) Australian Weevils (Coleoptera Curculionoidea). Vol. 1. Orthoceri, Anthribidae to Attelabidae, The Primitive Weevils. CSIRO, Canberra, xxxii + 741 pp.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa