Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Revision of the genus Pseudopomatias and its relatives (Gastropoda: Cyclophoroidea: Pupinidae)



The present paper revises all species that have been assigned to Pseudopomatias Möllendorff, 1885 and Nodopomatias Gude, 1921. The following new species are described: Pseudopomatias abletti Páll-Gergely, n. sp. (northeastern India), Pseudopomatias harli Páll-Gergely, n. sp. (northeastern India), Pseudopomatias linanprietoae Páll-Gergely n. sp. (Laos), Pseudopomatias maasseni Páll-Gergely & Hunyadi, n. sp. (Vietnam and China), Pseudopomatias nitens Páll-Gergely n. sp. (Vietnam), Pseudopomatias prestoni Páll-Gergely, n. sp. (northeastern India), Pseudopomatias reischuetzi Páll-Ger-gely, n. sp. (north-eastern India), Pseudopomatias shanensis Páll-Gergely n. sp. (Myanmar) and Pseudopomatias sophiae Páll-Gergely, n. sp. (Vietnam). Pseudopomatias fulvus is moved to the synonymy of P. amoenus. Csomapupa n. gen. is erected for Pseudopomatias grandis and P. luyorensis. Another new genus, Vargapupa is erected with two species, namely Vargapupa biheli Páll-Gergely, n. sp. (Vietnam) and V. oharai Páll-Gergely, n. sp. (Laos). Both new genera are probably closely related to Pseudopomatias and Nodopomatias. All the currently available type specimens of species in these groups are figured. Anatomical information of P. eos and DNA sequence data of two Pseudopomatias species indicate that the genus is a member of the family Pupinidae. The other pre-existing hypothesis, namely that Pseudopomatias is a member of the Cochlostomatidae, is not supported by our results.



taxonomy, Nodopomatias, Vargapupa, Csomapupa, distribution, plicae, operculum

Full Text:

PDF/A (14.83 MB)


Adam, W. (1971) New names introduced by M. Connolly and by H. B. Preston in the Mollusca. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Bulletin/Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Bulletin, 47 (24), 1–77.

Adams, H. (1866) Descriptions of Fifteen New Species of Land and Freshwater Shells from Formosa, collected by Robert Swinhoe, Esq., Consul at Taiwan in that Island. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 316–319.

Bavay, A. & Dautzenberg, Ph. (1903) Description de Coquilles Nouvelles de l'Indo-Chine. Journal de Conchyliologie, 57, 201–236.

Benson, W.H. (1857) New species of Bulimus from India, Burma and the Mauritius. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 2, 19, 327–330.

Benson, W.H. (1859) A Sectional Distribution of the genus Alycæus, Gray, with Characters of six new species and of other Cyclostomidæ collected at Darjiling by W. T. Blanford, Esq., Geol. Survey. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 3 (3), 176–184.

Blanford, W.T. (1864) On the Classification of the Cyclostomacea of Eastern Asia. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 3, 13, 441–465.

Cadahía, L., Harl, J., Duda, M., Sattmann, H., Kruckenhauser, L., Fehér, Z., Zopp, L. & Haring, E. (2014) New data on the phylogeny of Ariantinae (Pulmonata, Helicidae) and the systematic position of Cylindrus obtusus based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA marker sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 52, 163–169.

Capella-Gutiérrez, S., Silla-Martínez, J.M. & Gabaldón, T. (2009) trimAl: a tool for automated alignment trimming in large-scale phylogenetic analyses. Bioinformatics, 25, 1972–1973.

Colgan, D.J., Ponder, W.F. & Eggler, P.E. (2000) Gastropod evolutionary rates and phylogenetic relationships assessed using partial 28S rRNA and histone H3 sequences. Zoologica Scripta, 29, 29–63.

Colomba, M., Liberto, F., Gregorini, A. Renda, W., Reitano, A. & Sparacio, I. (2014) The Cochlostoma (Holcopoma) westerlundi group in Italy (Caenogastropoda: Cochlostomatidae). Biologia, 69, 771–779.

Cox, J.C. (1892) Descriptions of some new species of Pulmonate Mollusca from Australia and the Solomon Islands. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, [2], 6, 565–570, 2 pls.

Dance, S.P. (1986) A History of shell collecting. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 265 pp.

Dautzenberg, Ph. & Fischer, H. (1908) Liste des mollusques récoltés par M. Mansuy en Indo-Chine et description d’espèces nouvelles. Journal de Conchyliologie, 56, 169–217.

De Mattia, W., Zallot, E. & Prodan, M. (2011) Cochlostoma gracile (L. Pfeiffer, 1849) in Italy (Architaeniglossa, Cochlostomatidae). Basteria, 75 (1/3), 1–9.

Ðỗ, V.N., Hoàng, N.K. & Khổng, T.A. (2010) Preliminary data on lansnails (Gastropoda) in Xom Du village, Xuan Son National Park, Phu Tho province. Tạp Chí Sinh Học, 32 (1), 13–16. [in Vietnamese]

Edgar, R.C. (2004) MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research, 32, 1792–1797.

Egorov, R. (2013) A review of the genera of the terrestrial pectinibranch molluscs (synopsis mainly based on published data). Littoriniformes: Liareidae, Pupinidae, Diplommatinidae, Alycaeidae, Cochlostomidae. Treasure of Russian Shells, Supplement 3 (Part 3), 1–62.

Fischer, H. & Dautzenberg, Ph. (1904) Catalogue des mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles de l’Indo-Chine orientale cites jusqu’à ce jour. Mission Pavie, Études diverses, 3, 390–442.

Godwin-Austen, H.H. (1876) On the Cyclostomacea of the Dafla Hills, Assam. The Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 45 (2), 171–184.

Godwin-Austen, H.H. (1889) On a Collection of Land-Shells made in Borneo by Mr. A. Everett, with Descriptions of supposed new species. Part I. Proceedings of the scientific meetings of the Zoological Society of London, 332–355.

Godwin-Austen, H.H. (1917) Zoological results of the Abor Expedition, 1911–12. XLVII Mollusca, VII. Cyclophoridae (in part) Records of the Indian Museum, 8, 493–580.

Gray, J.E. (1847) A list of genera of Recent Mollusca, their Synonyma and Types Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 15, 129–219.

Gredler, V. (1887) Zur Conchylien-Fauna von China. X. Stück. Uebersicht der continentalen chinesischen Binnenschnecken. Malakozoologische Blätter, 9, 120–163.

Gude, G.K. (1921) The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Mollusca.−III. Land operculates (Cyclophoridae, Truncatellidae, Assimineidae, Helicinidae). Taylor and Francis, London, 386 pp.

Hanley, S.C.T. & Theobald, W. (1870–1876) Conchologia Indica; Being Illustrations of the Land and Freshwater Shells of British India. L. Reeve & Co., London, CLX + 65 pp.

Harl, J., Duda, M., Kruckenhauser, L., Sattmann, H. & Haring, E. (2014a) In Search of Glacial Refuges of the Land Snail Orcula dolium (Pulmonata, Orculidae) - An Integrative Approach Using DNA Sequence and Fossil Data. PLoS ONE, 9 (5), e96012.

Harl, J., Páll-Gergely, B., Kirchner, S., Sattmann, H., Duda, M., Kruckenhauser, L. & Haring, E. (2014b) Phylogeography of the land snail genus Orcula (Orculidae, Stylommatophora) with emphasis on the Eastern Alpine taxa: speciation, hybridization and morphological variation. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 14 (1), 223.

Heude, R.P.M. (1886) Diagnoses Molluscorum novorum in Sinis collectorum (1). Journal de Conchyliologie, 34, 208–215.

Heude, R.P.M. (1890) Mémoires concernant l'histoire naturelle de l'empire chinois par des pères de la Compagnie de Jésus. Notes sur les Mollusques terrestres de la vallée du Fleuve Bleu. Mision Catholique, Chang-Hai, pp. 125–188.

Hu, Z., Yin, H. & Chen, D. (2004) (Terrestrial Mollusca of the Nanling National Park). Journal of Natural Science of Hunan Normal University, 27 (2), 67–70. (In Chinese)

Jan, G. (1830) Scientiae naturalis cultoribus. Conspectus methodicus testaceorum in collectione mea exstantium anno 1830, 1–8.

Johnson, R.J. (1973) Heude's Molluscan Types: or, Asian land and fresh water mollusks, mostly from the People's Republic of China, described by P. M. Heude. Cambridge, Massachusetts Special Occasional Publication, Department of Mollusks, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 1–111.

Kerney, M.P. & Cameron, R.A.D. (1979) A Field Guide to the Land Snails of Britain and North-west Europe. Collins, London, 288 pp.

Kobelt, W. (1902) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen. In Verbindung mit der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft herausgegeben von der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. Mollusca: Cyclophoridae. R. Friedländer und Sohn, Berlin, 662 pp.

Kobelt, W. & Möllendorff, O. von (1897) Catalog der gegenvärtig lebend bekannten Pneumonopomen. Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, 29, 73–88, 105–120, 137–152.

Kongim, B., Naggs, F. & Panha, S. (2006) Karyotypes of operculate land snails of the genus Cyclophorus (Prosobranchia: Cyclophoridae) in Thailand. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 49, 1–8.

Kongim, B., Sutcharit, C., Naggs, F. & Panha S (2013) Taxonomic revision of the Elephant Pupinid snail genus Pollicaria Gould, 1856 (Prosobranchia, Pupinidae). ZooKeys, 287, 19–40.

Mayr, E. (1942) Systematics and the origin of species. Columbia University Press, New York, 334 pp.

Möllendorff, O.F. von (1885) Diagnoses specierum novarum sinensium. Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, 11–12, 161–170.

Möllendorff, O.F. von (1886) Materialen zur Fauna for China. Jahrbücher der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, 13, 156–210.

Möllendorff, O. von (1901) Diagnosen neuer von H. Fruhstorfer in Tongking gesammelter Landschnecken. Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, 33 (5/6), 65–81.

Nantarat, N., Sutcharit, C., Tongkerd, P., Ablett, J., Naggs, F. & Panha, S. (2014) An annotated catalogue of type specimens of the land snail genus Cyclophorus Monfort, 1810 (Caenogastropoda, Cyclophoridae) in the Natural History Museum, London. ZooKeys, 411, 1–56.

Nevill, G. (1878) Hand list of Mollusca in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Part I. Gastropoda. Pulmonata and Prosobranchia-Neurobranchia. Order of the Trustees, Calcutta, 338 pp.

Neubert, E. (2009) The continental malacofauna of Arabia and adjacent areas. VI. Pomatiidae of Arabia, Socotra and Northeast Africa, with descriptions of new genera and species (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Littorinoidea) Fauna of Arabia, 24, 47–127.

Nordsieck, H (1982) Die Evolution des Verschlußapparats der Schließmundschnecken (Gastropoda: Clausiliidae). Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 112 (1/6), 27–43.

Nordsieck, H. (2011) Clausiliidae of Vietnam with the description of new taxa (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora) Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 140 (2), 149–173.

Palumbi, S.R. (1996) PCR and molecular systematics. In: Hillis, D., Moritz, C. & Mable, B. (Eds.), Molecular Systematics. 2nd Edition. Sinauer Press, Sunderland, pp. 205–248.

Pilsbry, H.A. & Hirase, Y. (1905) Catalogue of the Land and Fresh-water Mollusca of Taiwan (Formosa), with Descriptions of New Species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 57, 720–752.

Pfeiffer, L. (1853) Catalogue of Phaneropneumona or Terrestrial Operculated Mollusca in the Collection of the British Museum. Woodfall & Kinder, London, 324 pp.

Pfeiffer, L. (1854) Descriptions of sixty-six new land shells from the collection of H. Cuming, Esq. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 20 (1852), 56–70.

Pfeiffer, L. (1859) Monographia heliceorum viventium, sistens descriptions systematicas et criticas omnium huius familiae generum et specierum hodie cognitarum. Vol. 4. F.A. Brockhaus, Leipzig, 920 pp.

Pfeiffer, L. (1865) Monographia Pneumonopomorum viventium. Sistens Descriptiones Systematicas et Criticas Omnium Hujus Ordines Generum et Specierum Hodie Cognitarum, Accedente Fossilium Enumeratione. Supplement 2. Th. Fischer, Casellis, pp. 284 pp.

Pfeiffer, L. (1870–1876) Novitates Conchologicae, Series prima. Mollusca extramarina. Descriptions et figures de coquilles, estramarines nouvelle, ou peu connues. Beschreibung and Abbuildung neuer oder kritischer Land- and Süsswasser Mollusken. 4. T. Fischer, Cassel, Germany, 171 pp.

Prasankok, P., Sutcharit, C., Tongkerd, P. & Panha, S. (2009) Biochemical assessment of the taxonomic diversity of the operculate land snail, Cyclophorus fulguratus (Gastropoda: Cyclophoridae), from Thailand. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 36 (12), 900–906.

Reichenbach, F., Baur, H. & Neubert, E. (2012) Sexual dimorphism in shells of Cochlostoma septemspirale (Caenogastropoda, Cyclophoroidea, Diplommatinidae, Cochlostomatinae). ZooKeys, 208, 1–16.

Páll-Gergely, B., Hunyadi, A. & Maassen, W.J.M. (2014) Review on Rhaphaulus L. Pfeiffer, 1856 and Streptaulus Benson, 1857 species with description of Rh. tonkinensis n. sp. from Vietnam (Gastropoda: Pupinidae). Journal of Conchology, 41, 565–573.

Ronquist, F., Teslenko, M., van der Mark, P., Ayres, D., Darling, A., Höhna, S., Larget, B., Liu, L., Suchard, M.A. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2012) MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology, 61, 170–173.

Sánchez, R., Serra, F., Tárraga, J., Medina, I., Carbonell, J., Pulido, L., de María, A., Capella-Gutiérrez, S., Huerta-Cepas, J., Gabaldón, T., Dopazo, J. & Dopazo, H. (2011) Phylemon 2.0: a suite of web-tools for molecular evolution, phylogenetics, phylogenomics and hypotheses testing. Nucleic Acids Research, 39, 470–474.

Saurin, E. (1953) Coquilles nouvelles de l’Indochine. Journal de Conchyliologie, 93 (4), 113–120.

Schilthuizen, M. (2003) Sexual selection on land snail shell ornamentation: a hypothesis that may explain shell diversity. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 3, 13.

Schilthuizen, M., Teräväinen, M.I.F., Tawith, N.F.K., Ibrahim, H., Chea, S.M. Chuan, Ch.P., Daim, L.J., Jubaidi, A., Madjapuni, M.J., Sabeki, M. & Moktar, A. (2002) Microsnails at microscales in Borneo: distributions of Prosobranchia versus Pulmonata. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 68, 255–258.

Sowerby, G.B. II (1864–1866) Thesaurus Conchyliorum, or Monographs of Genera of Shells 3: Sowerby, London, 331 pp. + 290 plates.

Sutcharit, Ch. & Panha, S. (2011) Neotype designation and re-description of the vanishing tree snail, Amphidromus (Amphidromus) mundus (Pfeiffer, 1853) (Pulmonata: Camaenidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 59 (2), 139–143.

Thanh, Đ.N. (2008) Tình hình và kết quả điều tra thành phần loài ốc ở can ở Việt Nam hiện nay (Overview on the species composition of the landsnails fauna of Vietnam). Sinh Hoc Journal of Biology, 30 (4), 1–15. [in Vietnamese]

Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. & Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 30, 2725–2729.

Theobald, W. (1864) Notes on the Variation of Some Indian and Burmese Helicidae, with an Attempt at their re-arrangement, Together with Descriptions of New Burmese Gasteropoda. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 33, 238–250.

Thomsen, P.F., Elias, S., Gilbert, M.T.P., Haile, J., Munch K., Kuzmina, S., Froese, D.G., Sher, A., Holdaway, R.N. & Willerslev, E. (2009) Non-Destructive Sampling of Ancient Insect DNA. PLoS ONE, 4 (4), e5048.

Tielecke, H. (1940) Anatomie, Phylogenie und Tiergeographie der Cyclophoriden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 9, 317–371.

Yen, T.-C. (1939) Die Chinesischen Land-und Süßwasser-Gastropoden des Natur-Museums Senckenberg. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main, 234 pp.

Uit de Weerd, D.R., Piel, W.H. & Gittenberger, E. (2004) Widespread polyphyly among Alopiinae snail genera: when phylogeny mirrors biogeography more closely than morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33, 533–548.

Uit de Weerd, D.R. & Gittenberger, E. (2013) Phylogeny of the land snail family Clausiliidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 67, 201–216.

Varga, A. (1972) Neue Schnecken-Arten aus Vietnam (Gastropoda, Cyclophoridae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 64, 133–137.

Varga, A. (1984) The Cochlostoma genus (Gastropoda, Prosobranchiata) in Yugoslavia. I. Anatomical studies. Miscellanea Zoologica Hungarica, 2, 51–64.

Wagner, A.J. (1897) Monographie der Gattung Pomatias Studer. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen, 64, 565–632.

Webster, N.B., Van Dooren, T.J.M. & Schilthuizen, M. (2012) Phylogenetic reconstruction and shell evolution of the Diplommatinidae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 63, 625–638.

Wu, S.-P., Hwang, C.-C. & Lin, Y.-S. (2008) Systematic revision of the arboreal snail Satsuma albida species complex (Mollusca: Camaenidae) with descriptions of 14 new species from Taiwan. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 154, 437–493.

Zallot, E., Groenenberg, D.S.J., De Mattia, W., Fehér, Z. & Gittenberger, E. (2015) Genera, subgenera and species of the Cochlostomatidae (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda, Cochlostomatidae). Basteria, 78 (4–6), 63–88.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa