Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The presence of Notanisus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in North America and revision of the oulmesiensis species group



The presence and distribution of two species of Notanisus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in North America is reported. Notanisus sexramosus (Erdős), originally described from Hungary and previously reported from Maryland, USA, is recorded also from Massachusetts and Pennsylvania based on a male and macropterous and brachypterous females. Males of Notanisus are shown to have two types of flagellar structure, ramose and pedicellate, and diagnostic features are given for the previously unknown males of N. clavatus Bouček to differentiate these from those of N. sexramosus and N. versicolor Walker. Five other species are newly described, Notanisus kansensis n. sp. based on a female from Nebraska, USA, and four species from Sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula—Notanisus brevipetiolus n. sp. based on two females from Uganda and Zambia, Notanisus longipetiolus n. sp. based on a female from Zimbabwe and a female and two males from Mozambique, Notanisus vanharteni n. sp. based on a female and several males from United Arab Emirates, and Notanisus yemenensis n. sp. based on a female and male from Yemen. The latter five species are included with the Palaearctic species N. oulmesiensis (Delucchi) and N. gracilis (Yang) in the oulmesiensis species group, defined by the presence of reduced stigmal and postmarginal veins in both sexes. The seven oulmesiensis-group species are differentiated in a key and all treated species are illustrated through macrophotography. Monophyly and relationships of Notanisus within Cleonymini are discussed, including features that indicate it could be paraphyletic relative to Callocleonymus Masi.



Chalcidoidea, Cleonyminae, Cleonymus, Callocleonymus, Dasycleonymus, Zolotarewskya

Full Text:

PDF/A (15.91 MB)


Baur, H. (2001) The Hymenoptera (Chalcidoidea, Ichneumonoidea, Platygastroidea) described by Vittoro Delucchi: an annotated catalogue. Journal of Natural History, 35, 55–125.

Bouček, Z. (1958) Eine Cleonyminen-Studie; Bestimmungsstabelle der Gattungen mit Beschreibungen und Notizen, eingeschlossen einige Eupelmidae (Hym. Chalcidoidea). Sborník Entomologického Oddeleni Národního Musea v Praze, 32, 353–386.

Bouček, Z. (1961) A new species of Notanisus Walk from Georgia, USSR (Hym. Pteromalidae). Sborník Entomologického Oddeleni Národního Musea v Praze, 34, 471–474.

Bouček, Z. (1991) Four new genera of European Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera), with some taxonomic changes. Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e Bachicoltura, Milano (2), 22 (2), 195–206.

Bouček, Z. & Heydon, S.L. (1997) Chapter 17. Pteromalidae. In: Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T. & Woolley, J.B. (Eds.), Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). National Research Council of Canada, NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 541–692.

Bouček, Z. & Rasplus, J.-Y. (1991) Illustrated key to West-Palaearctic genera of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris, 140 pp.

Delucchi, V. (1962) Hyménoptères chalcidiens du Maroc. II. Pteromalidae (suite). Al Awamia, 4, 7–25.

Erdős, J. (1946) Genere nova et species novae chalcidoidarum (Hym.). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 39, 131–165.

Erdős, J. (1957) Miscellanea chalcidologica hungarica. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici (Series Nova), 8, 347–374.

Erdős, J. (1960a) Synonymiae novae Eurytomidarum et Cleonymidarum, nec non species novae Encyrtidarum, praesertim in territorio reservato Batorliget collectarum. Acta Zoologica Hungarica, 6 (3–4), 305–313.

Erdős, J. (1960b) Magyarország Allatvilága. XII. Kötet. Hymenoptera II. 3. Füzet. Fémfürkészek II. Chalcidoidea II. Torymidae, Eurytomidae, Agaonidae, Cleonymidae, Eupelmidae. Fauna Hungariae, 52, 1–230 + 6 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P. (2003) Phylogenetics and classification of Cleonyminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae). Memoirs on Entomology, International, 16, 1–v + 339.

Graham, M.W.R. de V. (1969) The Pteromalidae of north-western Europe (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology), Supplement 16, 1–908.

Mitroiu, M.-D. & Andreiscu, I. (2008) A faunistic review of Notanisus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in Romania, with a key to European species. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 4 (2), 311–319.

Noyes, J.S. (2014) Universal Chalcidoidea Database. World Wide Web electronic publication. Available from: (accessed 4 March 2015)

Risbec, J. (1952) Contribution á l'étude des chalcidoides de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (E), 2, 1–449.

Senatos, A. (1996) A new species of the genus Notanisus (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) from Tadjikistan. Vestnik Zoologii, Kiev, 1996 (4–5), 93–94.

Walker, F. (1837) Monographia Chalciditum. (Continued.) Entomological Magazine, 4 (4), 349–364.

Yang, Z.Q. (1996) Parasitic wasps on bark beetles in China (Hymenoptera). Science Press, Beijing, iv + 363 pp.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa