Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Description and biology of Euborellia arcanum sp. nov., an alien earwig           occupying greenhouses in Germany and Austria (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae)



Greenhouses in botanical or zoological gardens are home to dozens of species of invertebrates that were introduced alongside plants or potting soil. Our study presents the description of an alien species of earwig, Euborellia arcanum sp. nov., found in tropical greenhouses in Leipzig and Potsdam (Germany) and in Vienna (Austria), including information about its biology in breeding culture. The species was most likely introduced into Europe by way of plants or plant matter from Florida, but the region of its natural habitat is unknown. The sequence of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) was also evaluated and added to GenBank as a DNA barcode for further identification.



Dermaptera, Anisolabididae, Euborellia, alien species, taxonomy, biology, nymphal development, description, new species, Germany, Austria, Europe

Full Text:

PDF/A (2.59 MB)


Anisyutkin, L.N. (1998a) K poznanyu uchovertok pods. Anisolabidinae (Dermaptera, Anisolabididae) yugo-vostchnoy Asii. Entomologicheskoye Obozrenie, 77, 799–816.

Anisyutkin, L.N. (1998b) To the knowledge of earwigs of the subfamily Anisolabinae (Dermaptera, Anisolabididae) from SE Asia. Entomological Review, 78, 627–641.

Anisyutkin, L.N. (2004) A new species of the genus Anisolabis Fieber from South China (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae). Zoosystematica Rossica, 12 (2003), 185–186.

Baijal, H.N. & Srivastava, G.K. (1974) Notes on the biology of Euborellia plebeja (Dohrn). Indian Journal of Entomology, 36, 23–27.

Borisch, D. (2002) En ny tvestjart Dermaptera for Sverige Euborellia annulipes. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 1234, 186.

Brindle, A. (1977) British earwigs (Dermaptera). Entomologist´s Gazette, 28, 29–37.

Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3, 294–299.

Giles, E.T. (1953) The biology of Anisolabis littorea (White). Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 80, 383–398.

Günther, K. & Herter, K. (1974) 11. Ordnung Dermaptera (Ohrwürmer). In: Helmcke, J.G., (Ed.), Handbuch der Zoologie 4 (2), 2/11. De Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 1–158.

Haas, F. (1995) The phylogeny of Forficulina, a suborder of the Dermaptera. Systematic Entomology, 20, 85–98.

Haas, F. (2006) Earwig Research Centre – ERC – The site on earwig biology. Available from: http://www.earwigs– (accessed 15 February 2014)

Harz, K. & Kaltenbach, A. (1976) The Orthoptera of Europe III – Die Orthopteren Europas III. Series Entomologica, 12, 1–434.

Hebard, M. (1921) The janeirensis goup of the genus Euborellia, with the description of a new species (Dermaptera). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 47, 319–324.

Heller, K.–G. & Haas, F. (2013) Fauna Europaea: Insecta: Dermaptera. Fauna Europaea version 2.6. Available from: (accessed 15 February 2014)

Herter, K. (1960) Zur Fortpflanzungsbiologie des Meerstrand–Ohrwurmes Anisolabis maritima (Gene). Zoologische Beiträge, 5, 199–239.

Jarvis, K.J., Haas, F. & Whiting, M.F. (2005) Phylogeny of earwigs (Insecta: Dermaptera) based on molecular and morphological evidence: reconsidering the classification of Dermaptera. Systematic Entomology, 30, 442–453.

Joost, W. & Klausnitzer, B. (1986) Wiederentdeckung von Euborellia annulipes (Lucas, 1847) auf dem Neuen Müllberg Leipzig Möckern. Entomologische Nachrichte und Berichten, 30, 271–272.

Kamimura, Y. (2000) Possible removal of rival sperm by the elongated genitalia of the earwig, Euborellia plebeja. Zoological Science, 17, 667–672.

Kamimura, Y. (2005) Last male paternity of Euborellia plebeja, an earwig with elongated genitalia and sperm removal behavior. Journal of Ethology, 23, 35–41.

Kamimura, Y. (2014) Pre- and postcopulatory sexual selection and the evolution of sexually dimorphic traits in earwigs (Dermaptera). Entomological Science, 17, 139–166.

Klostermeyer, E.C. (1942) The life history and habits of the ring–legged earwig, Euborellia annulipes (Lucas, 1847) (Order Dermaptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 15, 13–18.

Knabke, J.J. & Grigarick, A.A. (1971) Biology of the African earwig, Euborellia cincticollis (Gerstaecker) in California and comparative notes on Euborellia annulipes (Lucas). Hilgardia, 41, 157–149.

Kocarek, P. (2009) A case of viviparity in a tropical non–parasitizing earwig (Dermaptera Spongiphoridae). Tropical Zoology, 22, 237–241.

Kocarek, P. (2011a) Dermaptera of Iran with description of Euborellia angustata sp. nov. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 51, 381–390.

Kocarek, P. (2011b) Euborellia ornata sp. nov. from Nepal (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 51, 391–395.

Kocarek, P., John, V. & Hulva, P. (2013) When the body hides the ancestry: phylogeny of morphologically modified epizoic earwigs based on molecular evidence. PLOS ONE, 8 (6), e66900.

Kocarek, P., Dvorak, L. & Kirstova, M. (2015) Euborellia annulipes (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae), a new alien earwig in Central European greenhouses: potential pest or beneficial inhabitant? Applied Entomology and Zoology. [published online]

Koppenhöfer, A.M. (1994) Bionomics of the earwig species Euborellia annulipes in Western Kenya (Dermaptera: Carcinophoridae). Entomologia Generalis, 20, 81–85.

Matzke, D. & Klass, K.-D. (2005) Reproductive biology and nymphal development in the basal earwig Tagalina papua (Insecta: Dermaptera: Pygidicranidae), with a comparison of brood care in Dermaptera and Embioptera. Entomologische Abhandlungen, 62 (2), 99–116.

Nischikawa, M. & Kusui, Y. (2008) Earwigs (Dermaptera) collected in airplanes and ships called at ports in Japan. Tettigonia, 9, 7–11.

Nishikawa, M. (2008) A new species of the genus Anisolabis from Japan and Korea, with notes on the nomenclatural problem on two subspecific names of Anisolabis maritima (Bonelli) (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae). Insecta Matsumurana, 64, 35–51.

Nishikawa, M. (2013) A new species of the genus Anisolabis Fieber (Dermaptera, Anisolabididae) from the Ogasawara Island, Japan. Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology, 19 (2), 207–215.

Nonci, N. (2005) Biology and intrinsic growth rate of earwig (Euborellia annulata). Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science, 6, 69–74.

Rasplus, J.-Y. & Roques, A. (2010) Dictyoptera (Blattodea, Isoptera), Orthoptera, Phasmatodea and Dermaptera Chapter 13.3. BioRisk, 4, 807–831.

Srivastava, G,K. (1990) Studies on Oriental Dermaptera preserved in the California Academy of Science, San Francisco, U.S.A. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 87, 15–53.

Srivastava, G.K. (1993a) Notes on the species of Aborolabis Sriastava [sic.] (Insecta: Dermaptera) from the Indian subcontinent. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 90, 23–35.

Srivastava, G.K. (1993b) Notes on a collection of Dermaptera (Insecta) from Brazil. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 90, 147–153.

Srivastava, G.K. (1999) On the higher classification of Anisolabididae (Insecta: Dermaptera) with a check-list of genera and species. Records of Zoological the Survey of India, 97, 73–100.

Srivastava, G.K. (2003a) Dermaptera part II. Superfamily: Anisolaboidea. Fauna of India and adjacent countries. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 235 pp.

Srivastava, G.K. (2003b) Studies on Oriental Dermaptera preseved in the B. P. Museum, Hawaii, U.S.A. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper, 210, 1–72.

Steinmann, H. (1989a) World catalogue of Dermaptera. Series Entomologica (Dordrecht), 43, 1–934.

Steinmann, H. (1989b) Dermaptera Catadermaptera 2. Tierreich 108. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 504 pp.

Tworzydlo, W., Bilinski, S.M., Kocarek, P. & Haas, F. (2010) Ovaries and germline cysts and their evolution in Dermaptera (Insecta). Arthropod Structure & Development, 39, 360–368.

Van Lieshout, E. & Elgar, M.A. (2011) Longer exaggerated male genitalia confer defensive sperm–competitive benefits in an earwig. Evolutionary Ecology, 25, 351–362.

Walaschek, M. (1998) Zur Ohrwurmfauna (Dermaptera) zweier Naturschutzgebiete im Naturraum “Unteres Unstrut–Berg– und Hügelland”. Abhandlungen und Berichte aus dem Museum Heineanum, 4, 71–86.

Weidner, H. (1974) Einschleppung von Ohrwürmern nach Deutschland (Dermaptera). Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, 47, 145–148.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa