Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3985.2.2

A new insular species of Rock Gecko (Cnemaspis Boulenger) from Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia

L. LEE GRISMER, P. L. JR. WOOD, EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, EHWAN NGADI, NORHAYATI AHMAD

Abstract


A new, diminutive species of Rock Gecko Cnemaspis mahsuriae sp. nov. of the affinis group, is described from Gunung Raya on Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia and is differentiated from all other species in the affinis group by having a unique combination of characters including a maximum SVL of 36.6 mm; keeled subtibials and ventrals; 21–24 paravertebral tubercles; no tubercles in the lateral caudal furrows; caudal tubercles not encircling tail; no precloacal pores; 23–26 subdigital lamellae on the fourth toe; no white ocelli in the shoulder region; no yellow postscapular band; and faint yellow bars on the flanks. Cnemaspis mahsuriae sp. nov. is a forest-dwelling species living in close sympatry or paraptry with the insular endemic C. roticanai Grismer & Chan. The Langkawi Archipelago harbors a unique mix of Malaysian and Indochinese taxa and the frequency of new discoveries from this group of islands is increasing.

 


Keywords


Cnemaspis, Mashuri, Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia, new species, systematics

Full Text:

PDF/A (10.36 MB)

References


Drummond, A.J., Ashton, B., Buxton, S., Cheung, M., Cooper, A., Duran, C., Field, M., Heled, J., Kearse, M., Markowitz, S., Moir, R., Stones-Havas, S., Sturrock, S., Thierer, T. & Wilson, A. (2011) Geneious V5.6, Available from: http://www.geneious.com (accessed 16 June 2015)

Grismer, L.L. (2008a) A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa, 1691, 53–56.

Grismer, L.L. (2008b) On the distribution and identification of Cyrtodactylus

brevipalmatus Smith, 1923 and Cyrtodactylus elok Dring, 1979. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 65, 177–179.

Grismer, L.L. (2011) Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Their Adjacent Archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfürt am Main, 728 pp.

Grismer, L.L. & Chan, K.O. (2010) Another new rock gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa, 2419, 51–62.

Grismer, L.L., Youmans, T.M., Wood, P.L. Jr., Ponce, A., Wright, S.B., Jones, B.S., Johnson, R., Sanders, K.L., Gower, D.J., Norsham, S.Y. & Lim, K.K.P. (2006) Checklist on the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia, with comments on taxonomy. Hamadryad, 30, 61–74.

Grismer, L.L. & Norhayati, A. (2008) A new insular species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkoidae) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa, 1924, 53–68.

Grismer, L.L., Wood, P.L. Jr., Quah, E.S.H., Shahrul, A., Muin, M.A., Sumontha, M., Norhayati, A., Bauer, A.M., Wangkulangkul, S., Grismer, J.L. & Pauwels, O.S.G. (2012) A phylogeny and taxonomy of the Thai-Malay Peninsula Bent-toed Geckos of the Cyrtodactylus pulchellus complex (Squamata: Gekkonidae): combined morphological and molecular analyses with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa, 3520 (3), 1–55.

Grismer, L.L., Wood Jr., P.L., Shahrul, A., Riyanto, A., Norhayati, A., Muin, M.A, Sumontha, M., Grismer, J.L., Chan, K.O., Quah, E.S.H. & Pauwels, O.S.G. (2014) Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa, 3880 (1), 1–147.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3880.1.1

Grismer, L.L, Wood, P.L., Lee, C.H., Quah, E.S.H., Anuar, S., Ngadi, E. & Sites, J. Jr. (2015)An integrative taxonomic review of the genus Bronchocela (Kuhl, 1820) from Peninsular Malaysia with descriptions of new montane and insular endemics. Zootaxa, 3948 (1), 1–23.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3948.1.1

Huelsenbeck, J.P. & Ronquist, F. (2001) MrBayes: Bayesian Inference of Phylogenetic Trees. Bioinformatics (Oxford), 17, 754–755.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/17.8.754

Huelsenbeck, J.P., Ronquist, F., Nielsen, R. & Bollback, J.P. (2001) Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny and Its Impact on Evolutionary Biology. Science, 294, 2310–2314.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1065889

Maddison, D.R. & Maddison, W.P. (2005) Macclade 4: Analysis of Phylogeny and Character Evolution. Version 4.08a. Available from: http://macclade.org (accessed 16 June 2015)

Nguyen, L.-T., Schmidt, H.A., Haeseler, A.V. & Minh, B.Q. (2015) IQ-TREE: A fast and effective stochastic algorithm for estimating maximum likelihood phylogenies. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32, 268–274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msu300

Posada, D. & Crandall, K.A. (1998) Modeltest: Testing the Model of DNA Substitution. Bioinformatics (Oxford), 14, 817–818.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/14.9.817

Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian Phylogenetic Inference under Mixed Models. Bioinformatics (Oxford), 19, 1572–1574.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg180

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M. & Kumar, S. (2011) Mega5: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28, 2731–2739.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121

Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (1950) The delimitation of Malaysia and its main plant geographical divisions. In: Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (Ed.), Flora Malesiana. Vol. 1. Series 1. Spermatophyta. Noordhoff-Kloff, NV, pp. 70–75.

Wikramananyake, E., Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C., Olson, D., Morrison, J. Lamoreux, J., McKnight, M. & Hedao, P. (2000) Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington, DC, 235 pp.

Wilcox, T.P., Zwickl, D.J., Heath, T.A. & Hillis, D.M. ( 2002) Phylogenetic relationships of the Dwarf Boas and a comparison of Bayesian and bootstrap measures of phylogenetic support. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 25, 361–371.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00244-0

Woodruff, D.S. (2003a) Neogene marine transgressions, paleogeography, and the biogeographic transitions on the Thai-Malay Peninsula. Journal of Biogeography, 30, 551–567.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00846.x


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa