Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3986.1.6

The Afrotropical genera of Psychodini: Redefinition of the tribe, first Afrotropical record of Perithreticus Vaillant, 1973 and description of
Soeliella gen. nov. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Psychodinae)

GUNNAR MIKALSEN KVIFTE

Abstract


Psychodini is redefined based on morphological characters and newly recognized homologies in the male genitalia. It is hypothesised that the ground-plan aedeagus of Psychodini consists of a symmetrical bipartite aedeagus flanked by paired, symmetrical parameres; which in many lineages have become asymmetrical via the differentiation of phallomeres and parameres and/or via reduction of one paramere. The Afrotropical genera of Psychodini are reviewed and a key for their identification is provided.

        Perithreticus Vaillant, 1973 is recorded from Tanzania based on the new species Perithreticus anderseni sp. nov. The genus is redefined, characterised by an elongate symmetrical aedeagus with paired subtriangular parameres, and a broad M-shaped epiproct with a concave anterior margin. Soeliella gen. nov. is described to include Soeliella platypenis sp. nov.; characterised by the presence of paired subtriangular parameres and the distiphallic elements broadly fused into a spatulate plate. Rhipidopsychoda Vaillant, 1991 is raised from synonymy based on novel character interpretations. Rhipidopsychoda boettgeri (Wagner, 1979) comb. nov. is redescribed and a key to the world species is presented. The species Psychoda bilobata Quate, 1957 and Psychoda trilobata Quate, 1957, Psychoda morogorica Wagner & Andersen, 2007 and Philosepedon triangularis Eaton, 1913 are of dubious generic placement and need revision.

 


Keywords


taxonomy, systematics, moth flies, Tanzania

Full Text:

PDF/A (583.39 KB)

References


Andersen, T. & Johanson, K.A. (1992) Caddis flies (Trichoptera) from a mountain rain forest in NE Tanzania. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Trichoptera, pp. 59–64.

Curler, G.R. & Moulton, J.K. (2008) A review of the Nearctic species of Eurygarka Quate (Diptera: Psychodidae). Zootaxa, 1740, 28–36.

Curler, G.R. & Moulton, J.K. (2012) Phylogeny of psychodid subfamilies (Diptera: Psychodidae) inferred from nuclear DNA sequences with a review of morphological evidence for relationships. Systematic Entomology, 37, 603–616.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00634.x

Duckhouse, D.A. (1985) A re-examination of Neomaruina (Diptera, Psychodidae), with observations on its life-history and affinities and redefinition of the tribe Psychodini. Annals of the Natal Museum, 26, 601–620.

Duckhouse, D.A. (1987) A revision of Afrotropical Setomima, elucidation of their genealogical relationships and descriptions of other Afrotropical Psychodinae (Diptera: Psychodidae). Annals of the Natal Museum, 28, 231–282.

Duckhouse, D.A. (1998) Psychodidae. In: Oosterbroek, P. (ed.) The families of Diptera of the Malay Archipelago. Fauna Malesiana Handbooks, 1, pp. 79–81.

Duckhouse, D.A. & Lewis, D.J. (1980) Family Psychodidae. In: Crosskey, R.W. (Ed.), Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region. British Museum (Natural History), London, pp. 93–105.

Eaton, A.E. (1904) New Genera of European Psychodidae. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 40, 55–59.

Eaton, A.E. (1913) The Percy Sladen Trust expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M. A. Vol. 4 No. XXV.—Diptera, Psychodidæ. Transactions of the Linnean Society, London (2, Zoology), 15, 423–432.

Espindola, M.A., Buerki, S., Jacquier, A., Ježek, J. & Alvarez, N. (2012) Phylogenetic relationships in the subfamily Psychodinae (Diptera, Psychodidae). Zoologica Scripta, 41, 489–498.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00544.x

Ježek, J. (1983) Intergeneric relationship of selected tribes of the subfamily Psychodinae. Acta entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 41, 255–259.

Ježek, J. (1985) Contribution to the knowledge of a new subtribe Trichopsychodina (Diptera, Psychodidae) from Czechoslovakia. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, series B, Historia Naturalis, 40 (1984), 1–19.

Ježek, J. & van Harten, A. (2005) Further new taxa and little-known species of non-biting moth flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) from Yemen. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 45, 199–220.

Kvifte, G.M. (2011) Biodiversity studies in Afrotropical Moth Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae). University of Bergen, M.Sc. Thesis. 102 pp.

Kvifte, G.M. (2012) Catalogue and bibliography of Afrotropical Psychodidae: Bruchomyiinae, Psychodinae, Sycoracinae and Trichomyiinae. Zootaxa, 3231, 29–52.

Kvifte, G.M. (2014) Nomenclature and taxonomy of Telmatoscopus Eaton and Seoda Enderlein; with a discussion of parameral evolution in Paramormiini and Pericomaini (Diptera: Psychodidae, Psychodinae). Zootaxa, 3878 (4), 390–400.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3878.4.5

Latreille, P.A. (1796) Précis des Caractères génériques des Insectes, disposés dans un order naturel par citoyen Latreille. A. Brive, Bordeaux.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.58411

Newman, E. (1834) Attempted division of British insects into natural orders. Entomological Magazine, 2, 379–431.

Omelková, M. & Ježek, J. (2012) Two new species of Philosepedon Eaton (Diptera, Psychodidae, Psychodinae) from Europe, with comments on subgeneric classification. Zootaxa, 3275, 29–42.

Oosterbroek, P. (2006) The European Families of the Diptera. Identification, diagnosis, Biology. KNNV Publishing, Utrecht.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004278066

Quate, L.W. (1955) A revision of the Psychodidae (Diptera) in America north of Mexico. University of California Publications in Entomology, 10, 103–273.

Quate, L.W. (1957) Première étude des Psychodidae de Madagascar. Le Naturaliste Malgache, 9, 251–261.

Quate, L.W. (1959) Classification of the Psychodini (Psychodidae: Diptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 52, 444–451.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aesa/52.4.444

Quate, L.W. & Brown, B.V. (2004) Revision of Neotropical Setomimini (Diptera: Psychodidae: Psychodinae). Contributions in Science, 500, 1–117.

Quate, L.W. & Quate, S.H. (1967) A monograph of Papuan Psychodidae, including Phlebotomus (Diptera). Pacific Insects Monograph, 15, 1–216.

del Rosario, F. (1936) The American species of Psychoda (Diptera: Psychodidae). Philippine Journal of Science, 59, 85–148.

Satchell, G.H. (1955) New species of East and Central African Psychodidae. Part 1. Revue de zoologie et de botanique africaines, 51, 339–372.

Tonnoir, A.L. (1922) Synopsis des espèces Européennes du genre Psychoda (Diptères). Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 62, 49–88.

Vaillant, F. (1963) An African psychodid larva with ventral suckers (Diptera, Psychodidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 68, 71–91.

Vaillant, F. (1971) Psychodidae: Psychodinae. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region. Lief. 287. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlags-buch-handlung, Stuttgart, pp. 1–48.

Vaillant, F. (1972) Psychodidae: Psychodinae. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region. Lief. 292. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlags-buch-handlung, Stuttgart, pp. 79–108.

Vaillant, F. (1973) Some new Psychodidae Psychodinae from the United States (Diptera). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.), 9, 345–379.

Vaillant, F. (1990) Propositions pour une révision de la classification des Diptères Psychodidae Psychodinae. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 80, 141–163.

Vaillant, F. (1991) Sur la position générique et tribale de deux espéces de Diptères. Psychodidae Psychodinae. Classification de 2 espèces de Diptères. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 61, 207–209.

Wagner, R. (1979) Moth-flies from a central African mountain stream (Diptera, Psychodidae). Aquatic Insects, 1, 55–63.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01650427909360977

Wagner, R. & Andersen, T. (2007) Psychodidae (Diptera: Nematocera) from the West Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. In: Andersen, T. (Ed.), Contributions to the Systematics and Ecology of Aquatic DipteraA tribute to Ole A. Sæther. The Caddis Press, Columbus, pp. 287–307.

Wagner, R. & Ibañez-Bernal, S. (2009) Psychodidae (sand flies, and moth flies or owl flies). In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera. Volume 1. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 319–336.

Wagner, R., Barták, M., Borkent, A., Courtney, G., Goddeeris, B., Haenni, J.-P., Knutson, L., Pont, A., Rotheray, G.E., Rozkošný, R., Sinclair, B., Woodley, N., Zatwarnicki, T. & Zwick, P. (2008) Global diversity of dipteran families (Insecta Diptera) in freshwater (excluding Simulidae, Culicidae, Chironomidae, Tipulidae and Tabanidae). Hydrobiologia, 595, 489–519.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9127-9


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa