Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Taxonomic review of the major larval pests of bolete fungi (Boletaceae) in Europe: The Pegomya fulgens, furva and tabida species groups (Diptera: Anthomyiidae)



A taxonomic review of the European species of the Pegomya fulgens, furva and tabida species groups is given with emphasis on characters of importance for the identification of males and females. These Pegomya species groups are represented in Europe by two, two and nine species, respectively. Their mycophagous larvae may all feed exclusively on bolete sporocarps of Leccinum and Boletus aff. edulis. Their relationships and biology are summarized. Each species is given a selective list of references and synonymy, richly illustrated descriptions of males and females, a list or summary of the examined material, and a synopsis of the known distribution and biology. Pegomya ringdahli sp. nov., previously confused with P. scapularis (Zetterstedt, 1846), is described from Fennoscandia. Lectotypes are designated for Anthomyia fulgens Meigen, 1826 and Pegomyia (Pegomyia) furva Ringdahl, 1938. An identification key is given to all 17 species (males and females) of Pegomya that supposedly feed as larvae on sporocarps of Boletaceae and Suillaceae in Europe.



Diptera, European anthomyiids, Boletaceae, mycophagy, new species, key

Full Text:

PDF/A (9.93 MB)


Ackland, D.M. (1989) Anthomyiidae (Dipt.) new to Britain, with a description of a new species of Botanophila Lioy. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 125, 211‒230.

Beugelsdijk, D.C.M., van der Linde, S., Zuccarello, G.C., den Bakker, H.C., Draisma, S.G.A. & Noordeloos, M.E. (2008) A phylogenetic study of Boletus section Boletus in Europe. Persoonia, 20, 1‒7.

Bruns, T.D. (1984) Insect mycophagy in the Boletales: Fungivore diversity and the mushroom habitat. In: Wheeler, Q. & Blackwell, M. (Eds.), Fungus-insect relationships. Perspectives in ecology and evolution. Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 91‒129.

Dely-Draskovits, A. & Mihályi, F. (1972) Systematische und ökologische Untersuchungen an den in Ungarn als Schädlinge der Hutpilze auftretenden Fliegen, III. Anthomyiidae, Muscidae (Diptera). Annales historico-naturales musei nationalis hungarici, 64, 323‒329.

Den Bakker, H.C. & Noordeloos, M.E. (2005) A revision of European species of Leccinum Gray and notes on extralimital species. Persoonia, 18, 511‒587.

Dentinger, B.T., Ammirati, J.F., Both, E.E., Desjardin, D.E., Halling, R.E., Henkel, T.W., Moreau, P.A., Nagasawa, E., Soytong, K., Taylor, A.F., Watling, R.,Moncalvo, J.M. & McLaughlin, D.J. (2010) Molecular phylogenetics of porcini mushrooms (Boletus section Boletus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57, 1276‒1292.

Griffiths, G.C.D. (1983) Anthomyiidae [part]. In: Griffiths, G.C.D. (Ed.), Flies of the Nearctic Region, 8 (2), 2. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp. 161–288.

Hackman, W. (1976) De som larver i hattsvampar levande anthomyiidernas biologi (Diptera) [The biology of anthomyiid flies feeding as larvae in fungi (Diptera).] Notulae entomologicae, 56, 129–134. [In Swedish with English summary.]

Hackman, W. (1979) Reproductive and developmental strategies of fungivorous Pegomya species (Diptera, Anthomyiidae). Aquilo, Ser. Zoologica, 20, 62–64.

Hackman, W. & Meinander, M. (1979) Diptera feeding as larvae on macrofungi in Finland. Annales zoologici fennici, 16, 50–83.

Hennig, W. (1973a) Anthomyiidae [part]. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region, 7 (1), Lieferung. 295. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp. 473‒512.

Hennig, W. (1973b) Anthomyiidae [part]. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region, 7 (1), Lieferung 296. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp. 513‒592.

Hennig, W. (1973c) Anthomyiidae [part]. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region, 7 (1), Lieferung 297. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp. 593‒680.

Hennig, W. (1976) Anthomyiidae [part]. In: Lindner, E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region, 7 (1), Lieferung 314. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, pp. 921‒974.

Loew, H. (1857) Eine dipterologische Razzia auf dem Gebiete des naturwisssenschaftlichen Vereins für Sachsen und Thüringen. Zeitschrift für die gesammten Naturwissenschaft, 10, 97‒112.

Meigen, J.W. (1826) Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten, 5. Hamm, xii + 412 pp.

Michelsen, V. (1985) A revision of the Anthomyiidae (Diptera) described by J.W. Zetterstedt. Steenstrupia, 11, 37–65.

Michelsen, V. (2006a) A new European species of Pegomya Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) near P. flavoscutellata (Zetterstedt). Zootaxa, 1257, 49‒55.

Michelsen, V. (2006b) Annotated catalogue of the Anthomyiidae, Fanniidae, Muscidae and Scathophagidae (Diptera: Muscoidea) of Greenland. Steenstrupia, 29, 105‒126.

Ringdahl, O. (1938) Översikt av svenska Pegomyia-arter (Diptera: Muscidae). Entomologisk Tidskrift, 59, 190‒213. [In Swedish and German.]

Ringdahl, O. (1951) Flugor från Lapplands, Jämtlands och Härjedalens fjälltrakter (Diptera Brachycera). Opuscula entomologica, 16, 113‒186. [In Swedish.]

Stein, P. (1900a) Die Tachininen und Anthomyinen der Meigen’schen Sammlung in Paris. Entomologische Nachrichten, 26, 149‒157.

Stein, P. (1900b) Einige neue Anthomyiden. Entomologische Nachrichten, 26, 305‒324.

Stein, P. (1906) Die mir bekannten europäischen Pegomyia-Arten. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung, 25, 44–107.

Ståhls, G., Ribeiro, E. & Hanski, I. (1989) Fungivorous Pegomya flies: spatial and temporal variation in a guild of competitors. Annales zoologici fennici, 26, 103–112.

Suh, S.J. & Kwon, Y.J. (1986) Classification of the Anthomyiidae from Korea (V) (Diptera: Calypteratae). The Korean Journal of Entomology, 16, 157‒162.

Suwa, M. (1974) Anthomyiidae of Japan (Diptera). Insecta matsumurana (n.s.), 4, 1–247.

Suwa, M. (1981) Notes on the Anthomyiidae from Sakhalin and the Kuriles (Diptera). Insecta matsumurana (n.s.), 22, 1‒14.

Suwa, M. (1999) Japanese records of anthomyiid flies (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Insecta matsumurana (n.s.), 55, 203–244.

Suwa, M. (2005) Supplemenrary notes on the family Anthomyiidae of Japan (Diptera), VI. Insecta matsumurana (n.s.), 61, 87‒106.

Suwa, M. (2013) Anthomyiid flies from Sakhalin (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Insecta matsumurana (n.s.), 69, 133‒194.

Suwa, M., Kuranishi, R.B. & Ôhara, M. (2000) Anthomyiid flies from Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Natural History Research, Special Issue, 7, 163‒177.

Wu, Y.Q. & Zhang, G.Q. (1988) Eight new records of species of family Anthomyiidae from China. Journal of the Fourth Military Medical University, 9, 348–349. [In Chinese with English summary.]

Zhao B.G. (1983) New records of Muscoidea from China. Zoological Research, 5, 24. [In Chinese.]

Zetterstedt, J.W. (1838) Dipterologis Scandinaviae. Sect. 3: Diptera. In: Zetterstedt, J.W. (Ed.), Insecta Lapponica. Lipsiae [= Leipzig], pp. 477‒868.

Zetterstedt, J.W. (1846) Diptera Scandinaviae disposita et descripta, 5. Lundae [= Lund], pp. 1739‒2161.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa