Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Redescription of the Indo-West Pacific scorpionfish (Scorpaenidae), Neomerinthe erostris (Alcock 1896), a senior synonym of Scorpaena gibbifrons Fowler 1938, N. rotunda Chen 1981, and N. bathyperimensis Zajonz & Klausewitz 2002



The Indo-West Pacific species, Neomerinthe erostris (Alcock 1896), originally described as Scorpaena erostris, is redescribed as a senior synonym of Scorpaena gibbifrons Fowler 1938, N. rotunda Chen 1981, and N. bathyperimensis Zajonz & Klausewitz 2002. Although the latter three nominal species have been regarded as valid species and N. erostris has not been reported since 1898, examinations of type specimens of the four nominal species revealed that they represent a single species. A lectotype of Scorpaena erostris is herein designated. Neomerinthe erostris is characterized by having a distinct longitudinal ridge on the lateral surface of the maxilla and a strongly rounded dorsal profile of the head.



Pisces, synonymy, taxonomy, morphology, description, lectotype designation.

Full Text:

PDF/A (4.20 MB)


Ahlstrom, E.H., Butler, J.L. & Sumida, B.Y. (1976) Pelagic stromateoid fishes (Pisces, Perciformes) of the eastern Pacific: kinds, distributions, and early life histories and observations on five of these from the northwest Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science, 26, 285–402.

Alcock, A.W. (1896) Natural history notes from H.M. Indian marine survey steamer ‘Investigator,’ Commander C.F. Oldham, R.N., commanding. Series II. No. 23. A supplementary list of the marine fishes of India, with descriptions of two new genera and eight new species. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 65 (Pt. 2, No. 3), 301–338.

Alcock, A.W. (1898) Fishes, part 5. Illustrations of the zoology of the Royal Indian marine surveying steamer Investigator. Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, pls. 18–24.

Chen, L.-C. (1981) Scorpaenid fishes of Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 34, 1–60.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (1965) Western Atlantic scorpionfishes of the genus Scorpaena, including four new species. Bulletin of Marine Science, 15, 84–164.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (1969) A systematic review of the scorpionfishes of the Atlantic Ocean (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences, 79, i–iv + 1–143.

Eschmeyer, W.N. (1986) Family No. 149: Scorpaenidae. In: Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (Eds.), Smith’s Sea Fishes. Southern Book Publisher, Johannesburg, pp. 463–478.

Eschmeyer, W.N. & Randall, J.E. (1975) The scorpaenid fishes of the Hawaiian Islands, including new species and new records (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th Series, 40, 265–334.

Fowler, H.W. (1935) Description of a new scorpaenoid fish (Neomerinthe hemingwayi) from off New Jersey. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 87, 41–43.

Fowler, H.W. (1938) Descriptions of new fishes obtained by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer "Albatross", chiefly in Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 85 (3032), 31–135.

Fricke, R., Kulbicki, M. & Wantiez, L. (2011) Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie, 4, 341–463.

Golani, D. & Bogorodsky, S.V. (2010) The fishes of the Red Sea – reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa, 2463, 1–135.

Herre, A.W.C.T. (1952) A review of the scorpaenoid fishes of the Philippines and adjacent seas. The Philippine Journal of Science, 80, 381–482.

Mandrytsa, S.A. (2001) Lateral Line System and Classification of Scorpaenoid Fishes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenoidei). Perm University Press, Perm, 393 pp.

Motomura, H. (2004a) New species of scorpionfish, Scorpaena cocosensis (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the Cocos Islands, Costa Rica, eastern Pacific Ocean. Copeia, 2004, 818–824.

Motomura, H. (2004b) Revision of the scorpionfish genus Neosebastes (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae) with descriptions of five new species. Indo–Pacific Fishes, 37, 1–76.

Motomura, H., Aizawa, M. & Endo, H. (2014) Sebastapistes perplexa, a new species of scorpionfish (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae) from Japan. Species Diversity, 19, 133–139.

Motomura, H., Béarez, P. & Causse, R. (2011a) Review of Indo-Pacific specimens of the subfamily Scorpaeninae (Scorpaenidae), deposited in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, with description of a new species of Neomerinthe. Cybium, 35, 55–73.

Motomura, H., Causse, R. & Struthers, C.D. (2012) Phenacoscorpius longilineatus, a new species of deepwater scorpionfish from the southwestern Pacific Ocean and the first records of Phenacoscorpius adenensis from the Pacific Ocean (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae). Species Diversity, 17, 151–160.

Motomura, H., Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (2005a) Redescription of a poorly known scorpionfish, Scorpaena canariensis (Sauvage), and a first record of Pontinus leda Eschmeyer from the Northern Hemisphere (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Serie A (Biologie), 674, 1–15.

Motomura, H. & Johnson, J.W. (2006) Validity of the poorly known scorpionfish, Rhinopias eschmeyeri, with redescriptions of R. frondosa and R. aphanes (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Copeia, 2006, 500–515.[500:VOTPKS]2.0.CO;2

Motomura, H., Last, P.R. & Gomon, M.F. (2006a) A new species of the scorpionfish genus Maxillicosta from the southeast coast of Australia, with a redescription of M. whitleyi (Scorpaeniformes: Neosebastidae). Copeia, 2006, 445–459.[445:ANSOTS]2.0.CO;2

Motomura, H., Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. (2005b) Scorpaena bulacephala, a new species of scorpionfish (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the northern Tasman Sea. Zootaxa, 1043, 17–32.

Motomura, H., Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. (2006b) New species of shallow water scorpionfish (Scorpaenidae: Scorpaena) from the central coast of Western Australia. Copeia, 2006, 360–369.[360:NSOSWS]2.0.CO;2

Motomura, H., Paulin, C.D. & Stewart, A.L. (2005c) First records of Scorpaena onaria (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from the southwestern Pacific Ocean, and comparisons with the Northern Hemisphere population. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 39, 865–880.

Motomura, H., Poss, S.G. & Shao, K.-T. (2007) Scorpaena pepo, a new species of scorpionfish (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) from northeastern Taiwan, with a review of S. onaria Jordan and Snyder. Zoological Studies, 46, 35–45.

Motomura, H., Sakurai, Y., Senou, H. & Ho, H.-C. (2009) Morphological comparisons of the Indo-West Pacific scorpionfish, Parascorpaena aurita, with a closely related species, P. picta, with first records of P. aurita from East Asia (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Zootaxa, 2191, 41–57.

Motomura, H. & Senou, H. (2005) Validity of the scorpionfish genus Hipposcorpaena Fowler and a redescription of H. filamentosa Fowler (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Zoological Studies, 44, 210–218.

Motomura, H. & Senou, H. (2008) A new species of the scorpionfish genus Scorpaena (Scorpaenidae) from Izu Peninsula, Pacific coast of Japan. Journal of Fish Biology, 72, 1761–1772.

Motomura, H., Struthers, C.D., McGrouther, M.A. & Stewart, A.L. (2011b) Validity of Scorpaena jacksoniensis and a redescription of S. cardinalis, a senior synonym of S. cookii (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Ichthyological Research, 58, 315–332.

Motomura, H., Yoshino, T. & Takamura, N. (2004) Review of the scorpionfish genus Scorpaenopsis (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) in Japanese waters with three new records and an assessment of standard Japanese names. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 51, 89–115.

Ni, I.-H. & Kwok, K.-Y. (1999) Marine fish fauna in Hong Kong waters. Zoological Studies, 38, 130–152.

Poss, S. G. (1999) Scorpaenidae. Scorpionfishes (also, lionfishes, rockfishes, stingfishes, stonefishes, and waspfishes). In: Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (Eds.), FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 4. Bony Fishes Part 2, Mugilidae to Carangidae. FAO, Rome, pp. 2291–2352.

Poss, S.G. & Duhamel, G. (1991) Neomerinthe bauchotae, a new scorpionfish (Scorpaenidae) from Saint Paul and Amsterdam Islands (southern Indian Ocean), with comments on the limits of the genus. Cybium, 15, 93–102.

Randall, J.E. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (2002) Revision of the Indo–Pacific scorpionfish genus Scorpaenopsis, with descriptions of eight new species. Indo–Pacific Fishes, 34, 1–79.

Sabaj Pérez, M.H. (2014) Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology: an online reference. Version 5.0. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Washington, DC. Available from: (accessed 22 September 2014)

Zajonz, U. & Klausewitz, W. (2002) Neomerinthe bathyperimensis sp. nov. from deep waters of the southern Red Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 61, 1481–1488.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa