Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4035.1.1

Revision of the New World Species of the Millipede-Parasitic Genus Myriophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae)

JOHN M. HASH, BRIAN V. BROWN

Abstract


The New World species of the millipede-parasitic genus Myriophora Brown are revised. Sixty-five species based on the female sex are treated, mostly from the Neotropical Region. Of these, fifty-seven are new to science: Myriophora alexandrae sp. nov., Myriophora alienipennis sp. nov., Myriophora angustifascia sp. nov., Myriophora annetteae sp. nov., Myriophora annulata sp. nov., Myriophora bicuspidis sp. nov., Myriophora bilsae sp. nov., Myriophora bimaculata sp. nov., Myriophora borealis sp. nov., Myriophora brevitarsus sp. nov., Myriophora browni sp. nov. Hash, Myriophora brunneipleuron sp. nov., Myriophora communis sp. nov., Myriophora curvata sp. nov., Myriophora curvicacumen sp. nov., Myriophora dennisoni sp. nov., Myriophora discalis sp. nov., Myriophora diversa sp. nov., Myriophora dividida sp. nov., Myriophora dolionatis sp. nov., Myriophora flavicosta sp. nov., Myriophora fuscidorsum sp. nov., Myriophora gigantea sp. nov., Myriophora gobaleti sp. nov., Myriophora harwoodi sp. nov., Myriophora hebes sp. nov., Myriophora heratyi sp. nov., Myriophora inaequalisetarum sp. nov., Myriophora infirmata sp. nov., Myriophora jeffersoni sp. nov., Myriophora kerri sp. nov., Myriophora kungae sp. nov., Myriophora longisetarum sp. nov., Myriophora luteitergum sp. nov., Myriophora magnilabellum sp. nov., Myriophora misionesensis sp. nov., Myriophora nigra sp. nov., Myriophora nigralinea sp. nov., Myriophora obscuritergum sp. nov., Myriophora pallida sp. nov., Myriophora parva sp. nov., Myriophora pectinata sp. nov., Myriophora perpendicularis sp. nov., Myriophora plana sp. nov., Myriophora porrasae sp. nov., Myriophora porrecta sp. nov., Myriophora reminatis sp. nov., Myriophora scopulata sp. nov., Myriophora simplex sp. nov., Myriophora sinesplendida sp. nov., Myriophora smithi sp. nov., Myriophora spicaphora sp. nov., Myriophora spicaticonus sp. nov., Myriophora tenuis sp. nov., Myriophora uruguaiensis sp. nov., Myriophora vancouverensis sp. nov., Myriophora wellsorum sp. nov. The first key to the species of Myriophora is provided.

 


Keywords


Diptera, Diplopoda, millipede, parasitism, parasitoid, taxonomy, systematics

Full Text:

PDF/A (32.70 MB)

References


Banks, N. (1911) A curious habit of one of our phorid flies. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 13, 212–214.

Berland, L. (1932) Sur le parasitisme des phorides. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 57, 529–530.

Borgmeier, T. (1925) Novos subsidios para o connecimento da familia Phoridae (Dipt.). Archivos do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, 25, 85–281.

Borgmeier, T. (1931) Especies arachnophilos e outras especies dos generos Megaselia Rondani (1856) e Pericyclocera Schmitz (1928). Revista de Entomologica, 1, 142–150.

Borgmeier, T. (1961) Weitere beitraege zur kenntnis der neotropischen Phoriden, nebst Beschreibung einiger Dohrniphora-Arten aus der Indo-Australischen Region (Diptera, Phoridae). Studia Entomologica, 4, 1–112.

Borgmeier, T. (1963) Revision of the North American phorid flies. Part I. The Phorinae, Aenigmatiinae, and Metopininae, except Megaselia (Diptera: Phoridae). Studia Entomologica, 6, 1–256.

Borgmeier, T. (1969) New or little-known phorid flies, mainly of the Neotropical Region. Studia Entomologica, 12, 33–132.

Borgmeier, T. (1970) Some new species of Plastophora from Costa Rica (Diptera: Phoridae). Studia Entomologica, 13, 465–470.

Borgmeier, T. (1971) Further studies on phorid flies, mainly of the neotropical region (Diptera, Phoridae). Studia Entomologica, 14, 1–172.

Brown, B.V. (1992) Generic revision of Phoridae of the Nearctic Region and phylogenetic classification of Phoridae, Sciadoceridae, and Ironomyiidae (Diptera: Phoridea). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 124, 1–144.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/entm124164fv

Brown, B.V. (1994) A replacement name for a species of Megaselia (Diptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 96, 176.

Brown, B.V. (2010) Phoridae (hump-backed flies, scuttle flies). In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.) Manual of Central American Diptera, Vol. 2. NRC Research Press, pp. 725–761.

Brown, B.V. (2011) Taxonomic status of Macrocerides species (Diptera: Phoridae). The Canadian Entomologist, 143, 697–705.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/n11-038

Brown, B.V. (2013) Automating the "Material Examined" section of taxonomic papers to speed up species descriptions. Zootaxa, 3683 (3), 297–299.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3683.3.8

Brown, B.V. & Kung, G.A. (2010) Revision of the New World Dohrniphora Dahl species lacking large hind tibial setae (Diptera: Phoridae). Zootaxa, 2699, 1–142.

Brues, C.T. (1905) Phoridae from the Indo-Australian region. Annales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 3, 541–555.

Brues, C.T. (1908) Some new North American Phoridae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 16, 199–201.

Brues, C.T. (1912) Synonymical notes on Phoridae. Psyche, 19, 135–136.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1912/76946

Colyer, C.N. (1957) A new species of Plastophora from England; a short discussion of the evolution of the present concept of the genus and a key for the identification of the world species. Brotéria, 26, 75–87.

Cumming, J.M. & Wood, D.M. (2009) Adult morphology and terminology. In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.) Manual of Central American Diptera, Vol. 1. NRC Research Press, pp. 9–50.

Disney, R.H.L. (1978) A new species of Afrotropical Megaselia (Diptera: Phoridae), with a re-evaluation of the genus Plastophora. Zeitschrift für angewandte Zoologie, 65, 313–319.

Disney, R.H.L. (1986) A new genus and three new species of Phoridae (Diptera) parasitizing ants (Hymenoptera) in Sulawesi. Journal of Natural History, 20, 777–787.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222938600770551

Disney, R.H.L. (1989) A key to Australasian and Oriental Woodiphora (Diptera: Phoridae), affinities of the genus and description of new species. Journal of Natural History, 23, 1137–1175.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222938900771031

Disney, R.H.L. (1994) Scuttle Flies: The Phoridae. Chapman and Hall, London, 467 pp.

Disney, R.H.L. & Ritchie, J.M. (1997) A new genus of Phoridae (Dipt.) that parasitizes an Afrotropical millipede (Diplopoda, Odontopygidae). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 133, 151–156.

Hartop, E.A. & Brown, B.V. (2014) The tip of the iceberg: a distinctive new spotted-wing Megaselia species (Diptera: Phoridae) from a tropical cloud forest survey and a new, streamlined method for Megaselia descriptions. Biodiversity Data Journal.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e4093

Knab, F. (1913) Some earlier observations on the habits of Aphiochaeta juli Brues. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus,1, 24.

Picard, F. (1930) Sur le parasitisme d’un phoride (Megaselia cuspidata Schmitz) aux depens d’un myriapode. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 55, 180–183.

Schmitz, H. (1939) A new species of Phoridae (Diptera) associated with millipedes from the Yemen. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B, Taxonomy, 8, 43–45.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1939.tb01281.x


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa