Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Review of the world species of Spaniopus Walker, 1833 (Hymenoptera:
Pteromalidae), with description of a new species from the Russian Far East



The species of Spaniopus Walker, 1833 (Pteromalidae) are reviewed. A new species from the Russian Far East, S. belokobylskiji sp. nov., is described and illustrated. Redescriptions and illustrations of all available types of Spaniopus species are provided. A key for the identification of the twelve known species of Spaniopus is given. Five species, Spaniopus fulvicornis Bouček, S. japonicus Kamijo, S. nigriceps Kamijo, S. sasacolae Kamijo and S. varicornis Bouček are recorded from Russia for the first time.




Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, parasitoids, key, distribution

Full Text:

PDF/A (9.80 MB)


Ashmead, W.H. (1895) Descriptions of thirteen new parasitic Hymenoptera bred by Prof. F.M. Webster. Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, 17, 45–55.

Ashmead, W.H. (1904) Classification of the chalcid flies of the superfamily Chalcidoidea, with descriptions of new species in the Carnegie Museum, collected in South America by Herbert H. Smith. Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum, 1 (4), 225–551.

Askew, R.R. (1970) Observations on the hosts and host food-plants of some Pteromalidae (Hym., Chalcidoidea). Entomophaga, 15 (4), 379–385.

Askew, R.R., Plantard, O., Gómez, J.F., Hernandez Nieves, M. & Nieves-Aldrey, J.L. (2006) Catalogue of parasitoids and inquilines in galls of Aylacini, Diplolepini and Pediaspidini (Hym., Cynipidae) in West Palaearctic. Zootaxa, 1301, 30–33.

Bouček, Z. (1972) On European Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera): a revision of Cleonymus, Eunotus and Spaniopus, with descriptions of new genera and species. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology), 27 (5), 265–315.

Bouček, Z., Rasplus, J.-Y. (1991) Illustrated key to West-Palaearctic genera of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris, 140 pp.

Burks, B.D. (1979) Torymidae (Agaoninae) and all other families of Chalcidoidea (excluding Encyrtidae). In: Krombein, K.V., Hurd, P.D. Jr., Smith, D.R. & Burks, B.D. (Eds), Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Washington, Smithsonian Institute Press, 1, 768–889.

Dalla Torre, K.W. van (1897) Zur Nomenclatur der Chalcididen-Genera. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung, 16, 83–88.

Dzhanokmen, K.A. (1978) Hymenoptera III. Chalcidoidea 5. Pteromalidae. In: Medvedev, G.S. (Ed.), Opredelitel’ nasekomykh Europeiskoi chasti SSSR. Leningrad, “Nauka”, 3 (2), 57–228.

Erdös, J. (1957) Series Encyrtidarum novarum hungaricarum. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 3 (1/2), 5–87.

Foerster, A. (1856) Hymenopterologische Studien. 2. Chalcidiae und Proctotrupii. Aachen, 152 pp.

Gahan, A.B. (1922) Descriptions of miscellaneous new reared parasitic Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 61, 1–24.

Gibson, G.A.P. (1997) Morphology and terminology. In: Gibson, G.A.P., Huber J.T. & Woolley, J.B. (Eds). Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, 16–44.

Graham, M.W.R. de V. (1956) A revision of the Walker types of Pteromalidae (Hym., Chalcidoidea). Part 2. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 92, 246–263.

Graham, M.W.R. de V. (1969) The Pteromalidae of north-western Europe (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology), Supplement 16, 1–908.

Herting, B. (1977) Hymenoptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Institute of Biological Control, 4, 206 pp.

Herting, B. (1978) Neuroptera, Diptera, Siphonaptera. A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, 5, 156 pp.

Huggert, L. (1976) Descriptions of a previously unknown male of a new genus and three new species of Pteromalidae (Hym., Chalcidoidea) from northern Sweden. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 97 (1–2), 55–64.

Jennings, M. (2004) Parasitoids reared from galls of Phanacis hypochoeridis (Kieffer, 1887), P. centaureae Forester, 1860, and P. caulicola (Hedicke, 1939) (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Entomologist's Gazette, 55 (1), 67–70.

Kamijo, K. (1981) Three new species of Spaniopus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) from Japan. Akitu, 36, 1–9.

Lee, S.C., Kim, S.S. & Kim, D.I. (1995) Life history, seasonal occurrence and natural enemies of Caloptilia theivora (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) at tea tree plantation. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 34 (3), 229–233.

Lotfalizadeh, H., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Delvare, G. (2007) Rose gall wasps and their asssociated fauna (Hymenoptera) in Iran. Redia, 89, 73–85.

Noyes, J.S. (2015) Universal Chalcidoidea Database, Natural History Museum London. Available from: (accessed 20 Nov 2015)

Peck, O. (1963) A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist, 30, 695–696.

Peck, O. (1951) Superfamily Chalcidoidea. In: Muesebeck, C.F.W., Krombein, K.V. & Townes, H.K. (Eds). Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico - Synoptic catalog. Agriculture Monographs. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2, 410–594.

Sunose, T. (1984) Parasitoid complex of the euonymous gall midge Masakimyia pustulae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Japan. Kontyû, 52 (4), 557–564.

Thompson, W.R. (1958) A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. Section 2. Host parasite catalogue, Part 5. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 611 pp.

Thomson, C.G. (1878) Hymenoptera Scandinaviae 5. Pteromalus (Svederus) continuatio. Sweden, Lund, 307pp.

Tscharntke, T., Abraham, R. & Vidal, S. (1991) Larval characteristics and life-history traits of the parasitoids attacking Giraudiella inclusa Fr. (Dipt., Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 112 (5), 464–475.

Tscharntke, T. (1992) Coexistence, tritrophic interactions and density dependence in a species-rich parasitoid community. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61 (1), 59–67.

Vidal, S. (1997) Determination list of entomophagous insects. Nr. 13. Bulletin. Section Regionale Ouest Palaearctique, Organisation Internationale de Lutte Biologique, 20 (2), 53 pp.

Walker, F. (1833) Monographia Chalciditum. (Continued.). Entomological Magazine, 1 (5), 455–466.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa