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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4098.2.6

Review of the harvestfishes, genus Peprilus (Perciformes: Stromateidae),
of the Atlantic coast of South America

ALEXANDRE P. MARCENIUK, Rodrigo CAIRES, RAQUEL SICCHA-RAMIREZ, CLAUDIO OLIVEIRA

Abstract


Currently, seven valid species are recognized in the genus Peprilus. Found from United States to Argentina, Peprilus paru has a complex nomenclatural history, with seven junior synonyms, three from North America and four from South America. As there has been no recent research, it remains unclear whether species representatives in the north-south axis represent different populations of a single species or distinct species. By comparison of type specimens as well as a comprehensive collection of non-type specimens, this paper aims to clarify the taxonomic status of the nominal species listed as junior synonyms of Peprilus paru in the Atlantic side of South America. Based on morphological data and DNA barcoding, Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier, 1829 and P. xanthurus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) are resurrected, while Rhombus argentipinnis Cuvier, 1833 and Rhombus orbicularis Guichenot, 1866, are considered to be junior synonyms of P. crenulatus.

 


Keywords


Pisces, biodiversity, redescription, Peprilus crenulatus, Peprilus xanthurus, junior synonyms, Atlantic coast of South America

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ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa