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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4170.2.11

A new species of seahorse (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) from the South China Sea

YAN-HONG ZHANG, GENG QIN, XIN WANG, QIANG LIN

Abstract


A new species of seahorse, Hippocampus casscsio sp. nov. was collected over shallow seagrass beds in Beibu Bay, China. This species is diagnosed from all other seahorse species by morphological characters, including the lower number of tail rings (35); 15 pectoral-fin rays; 16 dorsal-fin rays; a rounded nuchal plate without a raised coronet; a snout length 30% head length; two cheek spines and a dark brown coloration. In addition, molecular analysis showed all individuals of the new species clustering together suggesting a monophyletic lineage. This combined analysis supports the distinctness of H. casscsio sp. nov. as a new species, which is described herein.

 


Keywords


Pisces, taxonomy, Hippocampus casscsio sp. nov., morphology, genetic distance

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ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa